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Richard L Kruse

Military

15-Sep-42 Assigned as Co-Pilot to B-17F 41-24539 [VK-K] "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358BS at Kellogg Field, Battle Creek, Michigan. 10-Oct-42 moved with aircraft and crew to Dow Field, Bangor, Maine in preparation for deployment ovreseas. 16-Oct-42 Arrived at Molesworth, UK aboard "Jersey Bounce".

26-Jul-43 Completed 25-Mission tour.

Mission Participations (UNDER CONSTRUCTION) See Biography events.

Service

Units served with

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 358th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 41-24539 Jersey Bounce

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 358BS/303BG [VK-K] Kellogg Fd 15/9/42; Molesworth 16/10/42; CCRC Bovingdon 27/7/43; 384BG Grafton Underwood 22/9/43; Salvaged NBD 31/5/45. JERSEY BOUNCE.

  • 41-24558 Hunga Dunga

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F-25-BO 41-24558 [VK:F] "Hunga Dunga" was assigned to the 358BS/303BG [VK-F] at Bangor. Maine on 14-Oct-42; arrived at Molesworth, UK on 16-Oct-42; Missing in Action Vegasack 18-Mar-43 when it was attacked by enemy aircraft near Helgoland. Germany...

  • 41-24606 Werewolf

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F-27-BO 41-24606 "Werewolf" was assigned 358BG/303BG [VK-H] Kellog Field, Battle Creek, Michigan on 14-Sep-42; Arrived at Molesworth, UK 16-Oct-42. ...

  • 42-29573 Two Beauts

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F 42-29573 [VK-H] "Two Beauts" 303BG/358BS was delivered at Denver 6-Jan-43; Salina 12-Jan-43; Morrison 12-Feb-43; Homestead 15-Feb-43; Assigned 358BS/303BG [VK-H] Molesworth 6-Mar-43 ...

  • 42-29664

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 30/1/43; Salina 12/2/43; Morrison 28/2/43; Assigned 358BS/303BG [VK-C] Molesworth 21/3/43; Missing in Action Bremen 20/12/43 with John Henderson, Co-pilot: Capt Merle Hungerford, Navigator: Warren Wiggins, Bombardier: Woodrow Monkres,...

Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 20

    17 November 1942
    The U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are the Primary (P) target for a combined force of 49 B-17s despatched from 91BG (20), 303BG (16) and 306BG (13). Another element of 14 B-24s despatched from 93BG also joins the bombing force on St. Nazaire. The...

  • VIII Bomber Command 22

    22 November 1942
    The U-Boat pens at Lorient, France are the Primary (P) target of this mission. A combined force of 68 B-17s despatched from 91BG (18), 303BG (18) 305BG (23) and 306BG (9) against the target but a 10/10 could cover prevents all but 11 from 303BG from...

  • VIII Bomber Command 24

    6 December 1942
    The German airfield of Drucat at Abbeville, France is the primary target for 19 B-24s despatched from 44th Bomb Group but are recalled. One squadron of 6 does not hear the recall and proceeds to the target, 1 B-24 MIA. ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 25

    12 December 1942
    This mission is composed of two elements. First element: The German air depot at Romilly-sur-Seine, France is the Primary (P) target for a force of 78 B-17s despatched from 91BG (19), 303BG (20), 305BG (21) and 306BG (18). However, the target is...

  • VIII Bomber Command 28

    3 January 1943
    The U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France are once again the target for this mission. This is proving to be a particularly difficult target to destroy due to its massive, reinforced concrete design. It consists of 14 individual pens connected together in...

  • VIII Bomber Command 31

    27 January 1943
    First successful attack by 8th Air Force into Germany. The 306th Bomb Group gets the distinction of being the first American Bomb Group to drop bombs on Germany. O Original target was Vegesack but clouded over. Col. Frank Armstrong lead the group. Two...

  • VIII Bomber Command 32

    2 February 1943
    All six 8th Air Force Bomb Groups operting from Great Britain are ordered on a mission to bomb the marshalling yards at Hamm, Germany. 61 B-17s and 22 B-24s are despatched but the formation runs into severe weather over the North Sea and the mission in...

  • VIII Fighter Command PATROL

    4 February 1943
    4th Fighter Group despatches 21 Spitfires on patrol and to assist Air-Sea-Rescue searches for heavy bombers believed to have crashed into the North Sea while participating in the Hamm/Embden operation that day.

  • VIII Bomber Command 38

    27 February 1943
    With weather and cloud cover continuing to frustrate bombing efforts against targets in Northern Germany, VIII Bomber Command decides to mount a raid against the harbour facilities at Brest, France. A total of 60 B-17s are destached: 91BG (18); 303BG ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 39

    4 March 1943
    After several weather-caused aborted attempts in attacking the marshalling yards at Hamm, Germany, the 8th Air Force is finally successful in attacking this target. A total of 71 B-17s are despatched: 91BG (20); 303BG (18); 305BG (12) amd 306BG (21)....

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Associated Place

  • Molesworth

    Military site : airfield
    Molesworth was one of the early stations used by the Eighth Air Force in the UK, first occupied by the 15th Bomb Squadron’s Douglas Bostons in June 1942. Built in 1940 and extended and improved in 1942, Molesworth is most associated with the 303rd...

Events

Event Location Date
Assigned to Aircraft Battle Creek, MI, USA 15 September 1942

Assigned as Co- Pilot to B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358BS at Kellogg Field, Battle Creek, Michigan.

Station Transfer Bangor, ME, USA 10 October 1942

Transferred with B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B to Dow Field, Bangor, Maine in preparation for deployment to the UK.

Arrived in UK Molesworth, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28, UK 16 October 1942

Arrived at Molesworth, UK as Co-Pilot aboard B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B

Mission #1, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Saint-Nazaire, France 17 November 1942

Served as Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France. RTB OK.

Mission #2, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Lorient, France 22 November 1942

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Lorient, France. RTB OK.

Mission #3, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Lille, France 6 December 1942

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the carriage and wagon works at Lille, France. RTB OK.

Mission #4, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Rouen, France 12 December 1942

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the railroad marsahlling yeards at Roeun, France. RTB OK.

Mission #5, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24606, 303BG/358BS Saint-Nazaire, France 3 January 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24606 "Werewolf", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at St. Nazaire, France. RTB OK.

Mission #6, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Wilhelmshaven, Germany 27 January 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the naval facilities and U-Boat pens at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. RTB OK.

Mission #7, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24558, 303BG/358BS - Aborted Hamm, Germany 2 February 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24558 "Hunga Dunga", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Hamm, Germany, but mechanical failures forced the pilot to abort the sortie. RTB OK.

Mission #8, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24558, 303BG/358BS - Aborted Osnabrück, Germany 4 February 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24558 "Hunga Dunga", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the industrial areas of Osnabruck, Germany, but mechanical failures forced him to abort the sortie. RTB OK.

Mission #9, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Brest, France 27 February 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Brest, France. RTB OK

Mission #10, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Rotterdam, Netherlands 4 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Rotterdam, Holland. RTB OK.

Mission #11, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Lorient, France 6 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Lorient, France. RTB OK.

Mission #12, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24539, 303BG/358BS Rennes, France 8 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24539 "Jersey Bounce", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Rennes, France. RTB OK.

Mission #13, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 41-24558, 303BG/358BS - Aborted Rouen, France 12 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 41-24558 "Hunga Dunga", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Rouen, France. RTB OK.

Mission #14, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 42-5432, 303BG/358BS Amiens, France 13 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 42-5432 "The Hunting Club", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Amiens, France. RTB OK.

Mission #15, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 42-29573, 303BG/358BS Wilhelmshaven, Germany 22 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 42-29573 "Two Beauts", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the U-Boat construction yards at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. RTB OK.

Mission #16, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 42-29573, 303BG/358BS Rouen, France 28 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 42-29573 "Two Beauts", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the railroad marshalling yards at Rouen, France. RTB OK.

Mission #16, 2LT Richard L. Kruse, w/B-17F 42-29664, 303BG/358BS Rotterdam, Netherlands 31 March 1943

Served as Co-Pilot of B-17F 42-29664 "Jersey Bounce, Jr.", 303BG/358B on a mission to bomb the shipyards at Rotterdam, Holland. RTB OK.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:36:55 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #17 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 31-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/027.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:34:21 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #16 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 28-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/026.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:32:41 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #15 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 22-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/025.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:27:32 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #14 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 13-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/023.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:23:01 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #13 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 12-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/022.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:20:36 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #12 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 8-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/021.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:13:27 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #11 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 6-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/020.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:11:34 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #10 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 4-Mar-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/019.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:09:35 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #9 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 27-Feb-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/018.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:03:46 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #8 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 4-Feb-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/014.pdf

Date Contributor Update
12 March 2016 00:01:19 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #7 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 2-Feb-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/013.pdf

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:57:06 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #6 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 27-Jan-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/012.pdf

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:53:57 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #5 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 3-Jan-43: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/009.pdf

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:48:45 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #4 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 12-Dec-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/006.pdf

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:45:42 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #3 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 6-Dec-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/005.pdf

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:41:59 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #2 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 22-Nov-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/003.pdf

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:39:48 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Mission #1 event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Mission Report of 17-Nov-42: http://www.303rdbg.com/missionreports/001.pdf

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:37:01 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Arrived in UK event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Robert J. Nolan crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-358-nolan.html

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:35:36 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Station Transfer event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Robert J. Nolan crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-358-nolan.html

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:34:31 Lee8thbuff Changes to events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added Assigned to Aircraft event per 303BG website, Gary Moncur, Historian, Robert J. Nolan crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-358-nolan.html

Date Contributor Update
11 March 2016 23:32:07 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 11-Mar-2016. Added initial assignment, arrival in UK, 25-Mission completion statement nad Missions pariticpation statement to Summary Biography; Made connections to Place and Missions from 17-No-42 through 31-Mar-43 per 303BG website, Gary Moncur., Historian, Robert J.Nolan crew page: http://www.303rdbg.com/c-358-nolan.html

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:22:41 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / http://www.303rdbg.com/358kruse.html

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