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Addison Earl Baker

Military

Lieutenant Colonel Addison Baker was the Commanding Officer of the 93rd Bomb Group from May 17, 1943, he was killed in Action over Ploesti during Operation Tidal Wave on 1 August, 1943.

In summer 1943 Baker was dispatched to North Africa with the 93rd Bomb Group to take part in Operation Tidal Wave. Baker piloted B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994) on 1 August 1943. Upon reaching the target area the 93rd Bomb Group turned at the wrong point and headed for Bucharest, Baker attempted to warn the mission commander but when they failed to respond, he broke formation and led the remainder of the force back to the correct point.

On approach to the target 'Hell's Wench' was hit by flak, Baker jettisoned his bombs as both wings were hit, and the aircraft began leaking fuel, and became engulfed in flames. At almost the same time, Baker had to break formation and pull up to avoid mid-air collisions with bombers from the 98th Bomb group, arriving in the target area from the opposite direction.

Baker made attempts to gain altitude so that the crew could escape his burning plane by parachute. But the aircraft lost speed in the climb, rolled over, crashed, and exploded in flames, killing everyone aboard.

Baker's body was never recovered, he was given a memorial site in Florence American Cemetery and Memorial, Florence, Italy. He was posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his role on the mission.

Service

People

  • George Allen

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • Charles Bennett

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • John Carroll

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • Edgar Faith

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • John Jerstad

    Military | Major | Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' ...

  • Alfred Pezzella

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • George Reuter

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • Morton Stafford

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

  • William Wood

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 93rd Bomb Group
    Killed in action on 1 August 1943 during Operation Tidal wave onboard B-24 Liberator, 'Hell's Wench' (#42-40994). ...

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Units served with

  • 93rd Bomb Group

    93rd Bomb Group

    Group
    93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 1-March-1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. On 15-May-1942 the Group moved to Ft. Myers, Florida to continue advanced flight training and also to fly anti-submarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; they...

  • Headquarters (93rd Bomb Group)

Aircraft

Missions

  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57 B...

Associated Place

Events

Event Location Date
Born Chicago, Illinois 1 January 1907
Died Ploesti 1 August 1943

Killed over Il Concordia Vega Refinery, Ploesti

Buried

Commemorated on the Wall of the Missing, Florence American Cemetery.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
27 August 2019 14:22:39 Emily Changes to middlename, role, biography, awards, events, person associations, unit associations and aircraft associations
Sources

Ploesti Sortie Report, 93rd Bomb Group

Removed associations to people who did not fly as a part of Baker's crew during his service or on board his aircraft Operation Tidal Wave. Removed associations to aircraft and units which Baker never served with.

Date Contributor Update
17 July 2019 19:38:40 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill ---- Wikipedia - Addison E Baker

Date Contributor Update
17 July 2019 19:30:43 Kickapoo Changes to biography and unit associations
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill ---- Wikipedia - Addison E Baker

Date Contributor Update
15 July 2019 07:43:40 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Anatomy Of A Disaster - Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg ---- Black Sunday - Michael Hill ---- Into The Fire - Duane Schultz ---- TogetherWeServed.com ---- FindAGrave.com ---- Personal Archives - John S. Young

Date Contributor Update
28 November 2018 08:26:22 Kickapoo Changes to person associations
Sources

Black sunday - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2018 01:56:11 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2018 01:42:00 Kickapoo Changes to role, person associations and place associations
Sources

Black sunday - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2018 01:36:10 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
23 November 2018 03:44:39 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Wings of valor II - The Ploesti Raid

Date Contributor Update
09 November 2014 20:15:44 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography, awards and events
Sources

Lee Cunningham 9-Nov-2014: CO informration: http://www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/93bg.HTM; Decoration/Commemoration: American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC).

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:47 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Freeman, MOH Citation

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