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Leon G Caldwell


Assigned to 83FS, 78FG, 8AF USAAF.
Transferred to 363FS, 357FG, 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD).

Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.


Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


  • 357th Fighter Group

    357th Fighter Group

    The 357th Fighter Group was the first P-51 Mustang Group in the Eighth Air Force, training with them from November 1943 at Raydon, England and entering combat with them in the February of the following year from their new base at Leiston. The Group was...

  • 78th Fighter Group

    78th Fighter Group

    The 78th Fighter Group was initially based at Goxhill but moved to Duxford in April 1943 and stayed there until October 1945. It flew all three of the USAAF's principal fighters. On D-Day every available Thunderbolt provided air cover to the Allied...

  • 363rd Fighter Squadron
  • 83rd Fighter Squadron

Associated Place

  • Duxford

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Duxford, now a museum and still a working airfield, was operated by the USAAF from 1943 to 1945. The base was briefly the home of the 350th Fighter Group in late 1942, but it was not until April 1943 that it became a fully American station when the...

  • Leiston

    Military site : airfield
    Leiston's location only three miles from the North Sea Coast made it ideal as a Fighter Group air base whose job would be to escort bombers across the sea and over occupied Europe. The air base also witnessed the arrival of many very damaged Allied...


Event Location Date
Born Orleans County, NY, USA 7 May 1924
Enlisted Buffalo, NY, USA 14 December 1942
Crashed Eglin AFB, FL 32542, USA 22 July 1944

Mid Air Collision Eglin Field, FL Cat 4 damage Lt Leon G Caldwell, 22-Jul-44.

AT-6B 41-17199 - 2130BU

Based Duxford 23 April 1945 – 9 October 1945

Assigned to 83FS, 78FG, 8AF USAAF.

End Tour of Duty (ETD) England, UK November 1945

Ended Tour of Duty (ETD).

Died 18 September 2013
Based Leiston 9 October 19445 – November 1945

Transferred to 363FS, 357FG, 8AF USAAF.


Date Contributor Update
13 September 2017 14:41:04 general ira snapsorter Changes to biography

Merged with duplicate entries to include details from:
- the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia ;
- EAGLES OF DUXFORD, The 78th Fighter Group in WW2 by Fry, p133;
- Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list

Date Contributor Update
02 September 2017 10:12:16 Al_Skiff Changes to firstname

Date Contributor Update
02 September 2017 10:11:33 Al_Skiff Changes to firstname, service number, role, biography, awards, events, unit associations and place associations

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:18:20 AAM AAM ingest

Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list