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Kenneth M Caldwell

Military

Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40629.

Shot down by FW 190 fighters near Orleans, France on 7 Jan 44 in B-24D 42-41013 'Trouble N' Mind' Killed in Action (KIA).

Service

People

  • Philip Ardery

    Military | Major General | Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Silver Star/ 2 DFCs/ 4 Air Medals/ Croix de Guerre. ...

  • John Brooks

    Military | Brigadier General | Pilot | 355th Fighter Group
    Led 17 B-24s on the low level attack at Ploesti whilst with the 389th Bomb Group. ...

  • Adelbert Cross

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Command Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40733.

  • James Hodges

    Military | Major General | Commanding General
    Major General James P Hodges served as Commanding General of the 2nd Air Division from 13 September 1942 to 1 August 1944. He retired 30 September 1951. His son, James P Hodges II, served as a fighter pilot with the 56th Fighter Group.

  • Robert Sweatt

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Shot down by Egon Mayer, German ace pilot, near Orleans, FR on 7 January 1944 in B-24D #42-41013 'Trouble' Rescued by Kiebler Duplant, et. al., aided by French Underground. Only survivor of crew. Evaded (EVD)

  • Jack Wood

    Military | Major General | Chief of the British-American Air Component, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Forces Mission to Franc | 389th Bomb Group
    Born in Fairbault, Minn., in 1907, we won his wings by 1929. He rose swiftly through the ranks achieving the rank of Colonel and took command of the 20th Combat Bomb Wing of the Eighth Air Force. The following November he was named executive of the...

  • William Yeager

    Military | Major | Pilot; Commanding Officer | 389th Bomb Group
    William Yeager was taken as a Prisoner of War (POW) while on TDY to 9th Air Force for Ploesti raid (Operation 'Tidal Wave') on 1 August 1943 in B-24 'Boomerang' #42-40115. He was the Command Pilot. ...

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Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 565th Bomb Squadron
  • 566th Bomb Squadron

    566th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    Constituted 566th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 19 Dec. 1942. Activated on 24 Dec. 1942. Inactivated on 13 Sept. 1945. Campaigns: Air Offensive, Europe; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe; Air...

Aircraft

  • 42-41013 'Trouble'

    B-24 Liberator
    Originally assigned to the 506th BS, 44th BG, 8th AF and flew the low-level Aug 1, 43 mission to bomb the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. ...

  • 42-40629 'The Scorpion'

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24 Liberator #42-40629 'The Scorpion' 565th BS, 389th BG, 8th AF, flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid piloted by Capt Kenneth M Caldwell, returning safely to Libya.

Missions

  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57 B...

  • 8th Air Force 178

    7 January 1944
    The industrial areas of Ludwigshaven, Germany are the primary target for this mission. The formation has three elements. The bomber gunners of the entire force claim 30-6-17 of attacking German aircraft. ...

Associated Place

  • Berca

    Military site : airfield

Events

Event Location Date
Born Kansas City , Kansas, USA 16 August 1914

Aug. 16, 1914
Erie, Neosho County
Kansas, USA.

Died Orléans, France 7 January 1944

Shot down by FW 190 fighters near Orleans, France on 7 Jan 44 in B-24D #42-41013 'Trouble N' Mind' Killed in Action (KIA).

Buried East Hill Cemetery, Erie, KS 66733, USA

East Hill Cemetery, Erie
Neosho County, Kansas, USA.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
06 November 2019 14:15:16 general ira snapsorter Changes to biography
Sources

Ploesti Sortie Reports, 389th Bomb Group

Date Contributor Update
24 January 2019 01:49:26 Dieterle Changes to person associations
Sources

Philip Ardery, Bomber Pilot: A Memoir of World War II (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky: 1978) 99.

Date Contributor Update
24 January 2019 01:42:12 Dieterle Changes to person associations
Sources

Philip Ardery, Bomber Pilot: A Memoir of World War II (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky: 1978) 99.

Date Contributor Update
24 January 2019 01:15:25 Dieterle Changes to place associations
Sources

Richard Dieterle.

Date Contributor Update
24 January 2019 01:14:12 Dieterle Changes to person associations
Sources

Philip Ardery, Bomber Pilot: A Memoir of World War II (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky: 1978) passim.

Date Contributor Update
08 April 2015 09:23:14 Al_Skiff Changes to events
Sources

http://www.findagrave.com

Date Contributor Update
08 April 2015 09:22:25 Al_Skiff Changes to biography, awards, events, unit associations and mission associations
Sources

http://www.findagrave.com

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:17:57 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 1853 / MACR 1853, 8th AF Losses, WWII Memorial / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database

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