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Jack L Raphael


Flight leader 336th FS 4th FG Aug. 1943- June 1944.
Previously flew with the RCAF in Hurricanes, Spitfires and Typhoons before his transfer to the USAAF in March 1943.
After his combat tour was assigned to do liaison work with the French because of his fluency in that language. On 3 July 1945, while working with a team of lawyers investigating was crimes and damage caused by Allied forces, he was badly wounded by an anti-tank mine and was flown home to the US. Raphael lost his legs, but recovered and became a Fullbright scholar, eventually serving as a defence advisor for the Spanish air force.


Units served with

  • 336th Fighter Squadron

    336th Fighter Squadron

    The 336th Fighter Squadron was constituted by the War Department on 22 august 1942, and was activated at Bushey Hall, England, on 12 September. It had been designated as No. 133 (Eagle) Squadron, and was made up of American volunteers to the Royal Air...


  • 43-6572

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of Lt Thomas K McDill, re-assigned to Capt Joseph H Bennett 24-May-44. Failed to Return (FTR) during an engagement with a gaggle of German fighters, aircraft was rammed by an Bf109 piloted by Ltn...

  • 43-6903

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) target support mission to Berlin. ...

  • 41-6354

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. One-time personal aircraft of 1st Lt Glenn Herter. ...

  • 41-6359

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    On 5 January 1944, this aircraft was hit while parked on the ground by P-47 Thunderbolt VF-R, 41-6354, after its rudder did not respond on take off.

  • 41-6529 'Hi! R.P.M.'/'Eager Beaver/Miss Beth'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    This P-47C Thunderbolt was the one-time mount of Captain Ervin 'Dusty' Miller. It's nose art, 'Hi! R.P.M.', commemorated the birth of his son, Robert Paul Miller. ...

Associated Place

  • Debden

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Debden, construction of which began in 1935, is perhaps most famous as a Battle of Britain fighter airfield, partly responsible for the defence of London in 1940. In 1942 it was also home to three RAF 'Eagle Squadrons’ of volunteer American pilots...


Event Location Date
Born Saint Louis, MO, USA 10 March 1923
Died Manhattan Beach, CA, USA 1 July 1991
Lived in Tacoma, WA, USA



Date Contributor Update
08 October 2017 22:00:06 fugari Changes to awards

Dave Raphael/JCook Photo Collection & Archives

Date Contributor Update
08 October 2017 21:59:23 fugari Changes to highest rank, role, biography, awards and media associations

Dave Raphael/JCook Photo Collection & Archives

Date Contributor Update
17 November 2016 18:13:59 WD-C Mustang Changes to nickname, awards, events and place associations

Date Contributor Update
20 April 2015 19:54:01 apollo11 Changes to biography

Personal research & 4th Fighter Group 'Debden Eagles' by Chris Bucholtz.

Date Contributor Update
17 April 2015 20:05:31 apollo11 Changes to highest rank, role and events

Personal research & 4th Fighter Group 'Debden Eagles' by Chris Bucholz.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:13:52 AAM AAM ingest
Sources, 8th AF Losses / Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list