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8th Air Force 282

27 March 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

This mission might be likened to a "shotgun blast" as a combined force 714 heavy bombers are despatched form all three Air Divisions to attack 11 different German airfields and air depots in France. Mission summary follows:

2nd Bomb Division: A combined force of 168 B-24s from: 44BG; 389BG; 392BG; 445BG; 453BG; 458BG; and 466BG are despatched. 72 are effective on the German airfield of Pau/Pont Long, France; 49 are effective on the German airfield at Biarritz, France; 47 are effective on the German airfield of Mont-de-Marsan, France. 3 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 17KIA 4POW 10INT (Spain). 4 aircraft are Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR), 2 of these are loss to a mid-air collision during assembly over Hoe, UK - 20KIA, the other two in crashlandings upon return - 10 RTD. 18 aircraft are damaged. 1 airman in a returning aircraft is WIA. There are no other losses, claims or casualties in this element.

3rd Air Division: A combined force of 256 B-17s from: 94BG; 95BG; 96BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG; 447BG; and 452BG are despatched. 123 are effective on the German airfield of Bordeaux/Merginac, France; 118 are effective on the German airfield at Cayeux, France; 7 are effective on the German airfield at Chartres, France. 2 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 5KIA 10POW 4EVD. 51 aircraft are damaged. 11 airmen in returning aircraft are KIA nad another 2 are WIA. Thre are no other losses, casualties or claims in this element.

1st Air Division: A combined force of 290 B-17s from: 91BG; 303BG; 305BG; 306BG; 351BG; 279BG; 381BG; 384BG; 401BG; and 457BG are despatched. 55 are effective on the German airfield at St. Jean D'Angely, France; 59 are effective on the German airfield of La Leu at La Rochelle, France; 74 are effective at the German air depot of Parcay Meslay at Tours, France; 35 bomb the German air depot of Usine Liotard at Tours, France; 60 are effective on the German airfield at Chartres, France; and 2 bomb other Targets of Opportunity (TOs). 1 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 10POW. 1 aircraft is Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) in a crash on take-off - 10KOM. 37 aircraft are damaged. 1 airman aboard a returning aircraft is WIA. There are no other losses, casualties or claims in this element.

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 1st Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 5.76
Number of aircraft Sent 2
Number of aircraft Effective 2

2. BIARRITZ (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 2nd Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 128.53
Number of aircraft Sent 49
Number of aircraft Effective 49

3. BORDEAUX/MERIGNAC (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

No bomber gunner claims. Groups participating are part of 3rd Bomb Division.

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming near the close of 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces connected with a...

  • 452nd Bomb Group

    452nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 452nd Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deopham Green, Norfolk, from January 1944. The air crews hit strategic sites in Germany but also supported the movement of ground forces across Europe after D-Day. On 6 June 1944 itself, the Group...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15-Jun-1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organisation and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29-Jun-1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28-Aug-42 to 31-Oct-42 than at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas from...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 288.93
Number of aircraft Sent 131
Number of aircraft Effective 123
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 51
Number of people Killed In Action 16
Number of people Wounded in Action 2
Number of people Evaded 4
Number of people Prisoners of War 10

4. CAYEUX (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 3rd Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 277.18
Number of aircraft Sent 118
Number of aircraft Effective 118

5. CHARTRES (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 3rd Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 16.44
Number of aircraft Sent 7
Number of aircraft Effective 7

6. CHARTRES (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

7 B-17s from 447th Bomb Group (3rd Bomb Division) failed to find their own group and joined the one Bomb Group in attacking Chartres. It has not been determined which Groups from 1st Bomb Division attacked this target.

Units

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming near the close of 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces connected with a...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 172.00
Number of aircraft Sent 60
Number of aircraft Effective 60
Number of aircraft Damaged 9
Number of people Prisoners of War 10

7. LA ROCHELLE/LALEU (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 1st Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 170.00
Number of aircraft Sent 59
Number of aircraft Effective 59
Number of aircraft Damaged 8

8. MONT DE MARSAN (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 2nd Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 123.28
Number of aircraft Sent 47
Number of aircraft Effective 47

9. PAU/PONT LONG (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

No bomber gunner claims. Groups participating are part of 2nd Bomb Division.

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group to be given B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 model that was fitted with a nose turret on the production line, an adaptation...

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 453rd Bomb Group

    453rd Bomb Group

    Group
    As well as strategic bombardment missions, the 453rd Bomb Group also ferried cargo on two occasions. They hauled petrol, blankets, and rations to France in September 1944 and dropped ammunition, food and medical supplies near Wesel during the airborne...

  • 458th Bomb Group

    458th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 458th Bomb Group (H) entered combat with the 8th Air Force in February 1944. Based at Horsham St. Faith in England, the combat crews participated in the decisive Campaigns 'Big Week', 'Big B', D-Day and the assault on Germany's oil industry waged...

  • 466th Bomb Group

    466th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 466th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Attlebridge, Norfolk, during the last year of the war in Europe. The Group flew 232 missions in the course of the year and celebrated the 100th one by inviting local people onto the base to mark the...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 196.73
Number of aircraft Sent 72
Number of aircraft Effective 75
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 3
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 4
Number of aircraft Damaged 18
Number of people Killed In Action 37
Number of people Prisoners of War 4
Number of people Returned To Duty 20

10. ST. JEAN D'ANGELY (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

No bomber gunner claims. All Groups from 1st Bomb Division participate except 92nd Bomb Group which stands down.

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group, based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 401st Bomb Group

    401st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 401st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire, from November 1943 to June 1945. Starting their missions at that time meant the focus was very much on the coming invasion attempt of France planned for the following...

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 158.46
Number of aircraft Sent 60
Number of aircraft Effective 55
Number of aircraft Damaged 13

11. TOURS/PARCAY (Primary)

Description

AIR DEPOT

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG MISSION NO. 21 - TOURS, FRANCE

27 MARCH 1944

The target was the Aircraft Repair Works of Usine Liotard, under the control of the Nazi War Machine since thefall of France. This facility accounted for the repair of a large percentage of the German fighter planes, principally the FW 190s.

Eighteen aircraft were dispatched as the 94th B Combat Wing. In addition, six craft were dispatched with the 94th A Wing to attack the GM airfield three miles north of Tours.

Cot. Luper was Air Commander and Lt. Vinton H. Mays as pilot, led the 94th Combat Wing over the Channel. The No. 1 engine on the lead ship began running away and had to be feathered. The lead was turned over to the Deputy Lead, Major Spencer. The lead ship circled the Le Havre area looking for a target of opportunity and finally dropped bombs on the Caen Airdrome.

The main formation continued on the assigned course to the IP. The target was visible. Just before bombs away, it was discovered the bomb bay doors of the lead ship had failed to open. A 180 degree turn was made to get in position for a second run. Bombing problems developed with the lead aircraft and the bomb results were poor. Enemy fighter opposition was light and no flak was encountered. There were no personnel casualties, and all aircraft returned safely.

Units

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 213.19
Number of aircraft Sent 74
Number of aircraft Effective 74
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 17

12. USINE LIOTARD (Primary)

Description

AIR DEPOT

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 1st Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 100.84
Number of aircraft Sent 35
Number of aircraft Effective 35

Service

People

  • Warren Allender

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 466th Bomb Group
    Shot down 9 May 1944 in B-24 #4252584 'Worry Bird II. ' Killed in Action (KIA). PH

  • Edward Anastasio

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Squadron Commander - Command Pilot | 466th Bomb Group
    786th Bomb Squadron Commander Retired from the USAF with the rank of Lt. Colonel

  • Steve Andrychuk

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Top turret gunner/ flight engineer | 452nd Bomb Group

  • Dorsey Baker

    Military | Major | Pilot | 466th Bomb Group

  • James Bates

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Waist Gunner | 466th Bomb Group

  • Joseph Booth

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 389th Bomb Group

  • James Braa

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball turret gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    James Braa served as a ball turret gunner with the 566th Bomb Squadron of the 389th Bomb Group, flying bombing missions out of Hethel, England. He completed his tour of 30 missions between March and June 1944, flying his final two missions on D-Day.

  • John Childress

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Gunner | 466th Bomb Group
    Crashed after takeoff on a mission to Biarritz airfield, FR on 27 Mar 1944 in B-24H #42-52562. May have collided with another 466th plane in low visibility. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • Donald Cooper

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 390th Bomb Group
    Shot down 13 April 1944 in B-17 #4231691. Landed in Switzerland. Interned.

  • Frederick Delhagen

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | Tail Gunner | 466th Bomb Group
    Crashed after takeoff on a mission to Biarritz airfield, FR on 27 Mar 1944 in B-24H #41-29364 'Stardust'. May have collided with another 466th plane in low visibility. Killed in Action (KIA).

Show more

Aircraft

  • 41-29364 Stardust

    B-24 Liberator

  • 41-29387 Snafu Snark

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-107017

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 27/1/44; Kearney 1/2/44; Presque Is 5/3/44; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 6/3/44; Missing in Action Liege 25/5/44 with Bill Warren, Bombardier: Jerome Fontaine (2 Killed in Action); Navigator: Gene McClellan, Flight engineer/top...

  • 42-30207 Big Red

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 11/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 12/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG [ -T] Knettishall 14/6/43; Missing in Action Bordeaux 27/3/44 with Julius Lederman, Co-pilot: Waite Law, Bombardier: John Luzell (3 Prisoner of War)...

  • 42-30212 Quarterback

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 14/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 16/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/6/43; transferred Aphrodite project, Missing in Action V-sites, Watten 6/8/44 with Lt Joeseph P Andrecheck & T/Sgt Raymond Healy (2...

  • 42-31741 Thunderbolt/Hi Fever

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 12/12/43; Kearney 30/12/43; RAF Nutts Corner 14/1/44; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/1/44; Missing in Action Liege 25/5/44 with Capt Jim Zengerle, Co-pilot: Albt Millin, Navigator: Walt Travis, Bombardier: Capt Wayne Barnett,...

  • 42-37980

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 3/11/43; Kearney 14/11/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG [D] Knettishall 1/12/43; Missing in Action Berlin 29/4/44 with Joe Coyner Wounded in Action, Co-pilot: Harry Monroe, Navigator: Fulton Sandler, Bombardier: Don Wiley, Flight engineer/top...

  • 42-38013 "NEVADA AVENGER"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; New Castle 10/12/43; Presque Is 15/12/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-C] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44; sal battle damaged 27/4/44. NEVADA AVENGER. ...

  • 42-52343 Oh Mona

    B-24 Liberator

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
14 September 2017 17:21:41 WWII37 Changes to media associations
Sources

711th Bombardment Squadron (H), 447th Bombardment Group (H)
B-17-G #42-39882, “My Gal” Crew
Top Left to Right: August E. Herlth, Eugene G. D'Albero, Larry S. Hatfield, Martin J. Gruber
Bottom Left to Right: William M. Lindgren, Bailey E. Swadley, Raymond L. Hayes, William H. Stoyer, Rocco J. LoCarro, Louis L. Jenkins

Date Contributor Update
09 March 2016 18:21:06 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 9-Mar-2016. Added Mission Summary based on "The Mighty Eighth War Dairy", Roger A. Freeman; "Losses of the 8th & 9th AIr Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE and MACRS.

Date Contributor Update
13 May 2015 14:24:25 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission detail added courtesy of Diane Reese - http://www.457thbombgroup.org/Narratives/ma21.html

Date Contributor Update
19 January 2015 01:47:25 466thHistorian Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

466th BG Historian

Date Contributor Update
13 November 2014 12:40:50 Emily Changes to media associations
Sources

Associated Media based on images associated with missions in Freeman, The Mighty Eighth War Diary.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:12 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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