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376

28 May 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 13.2 T

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 24.6 T

3.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 57.2 T

4. BOHLEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 35 T

5. BRADNDIS/ POLENZ (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 47.5 T

6. CAMBURG (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 9 T

7. COLOGNE/EIFELTOR (Primary)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Glide bombs are used on this target but they prove unsuccessful. 1st Bomb Division was made up of 303rd Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group.

Units

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 109 T

8. DESSAU (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 43.5 T

9. DESSAU (Primary)

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG - MISSION NO. 53 - DESSAU, GERMANY

28 MAY, 1944

The Group attacked the aero-engine factories located at Dessau, Germany. The target was the center of the Junkers Aircraft Organization. This organization was primarily engaged in the development and in the experimental work on new as well as existing aircraft. The target had one of the highest priorities of all the remaining targets in Germany. For the second straight day, the 457th felt the wrath of the Luftwaffe.

The bomber stream consisted of fifteen combat wings. The 94th Combat Wing was the last wing in the 1st Division formation. The 457th formation, led by Major George C. Hozief as Air Commander with Lt. Charles D. Brannan as pilot, formed the lead box in the 94th Combat Wing.

The flight was uneventful until the bomber stream separated at a point northeast of Brunswick. Then, the fifteen wings took up separate courses for the attacks on their separate targets. The Group was attacked at the IP by large forces of Me 109s and FW-190s.

The ship piloted by Lt. Clyde B. Knipfer, flying his 24th mission, was hit and dropped out of formation with No. 1 and No. 2 engines blazing. Lt. Knipfer and crew parachuted to the ground where all were picked up by the Germans and held as prisoners of war.

A second mass frontal attack was made on the Group. Waves of Ju-88s and Me-109s attacked from the side followed immediately by Me-109s and FW-190s. Lt. Rudolph Stohi's craft took a direct hit and left the formation. The craft crashed after the crew bailed out. One crewman died.

Lt. Bernard V. Conners' craft came back on one engine, two engines having been lost in the target area. Three cylinders on a third engine had been punctured by enemy flak. Conners had flown back at an air speed of 115 to 135 miles per hour, with just enough power to keep airborne.

Prior to reaching the target, the craft of the Air Commander, Major George C. Hozier, was attacked. One engine was damaged and set ablaze, and the wing fuel tank was punctured seriously, endangering the safety of the craft. In spite of the damaged condition of the craft, Major Hozier maintained the lead and when he found it impossible to visually bomb the Primary target, after making two 360 degree turns, led the Wing to the secondary target, an aircraft factory at Leipzig and bombed With excellent results. For his gallant leadership, sound judgment and devotion to duty, Major Hozier was awarded the Silver Star. In addition to the enemy fighter opposition, the antiaircraft fire was moderate but accurate. A number of planes suffered damage. Gunners received credit for destroying one enemy aircraft and damaging five.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division
  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 30 T

10. DESSAU (Secondary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 31.8 T

11. FRANKFURT (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 8.3 T

12. FRANKFURT (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 30 T

13. GERA (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 11.4 T

14. KONIGSBURG (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of (not broken out in source data. See above for 3rd Bomb Division Bomb Groups participating).

Units

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 240.5 T

15. LEIPZIG (Secondary)

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 69.5 T

16. LIMBURG (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 25 T

17. LUTZKENDORF/HALLE (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of 34th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 2nd Bomb Division486th Bomb Group B-24 also attacked Lutzkendorf, others not in source data.

Units

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 155.4 T

18. MAGDEBURG/ROTHENSEE (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 114.3 T

19. MEISSEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 32.4 T

20. MEMMINGEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 21.3 T

21. MERSENBERG/LEUNA (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44 Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 446th Bomb Group, 448th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group, 458th Bomb Group, 466th Bomb Group, 467th Bomb Group, 492nd Bomb Group.

Units

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 145.7 T

22. RUHLAND/SCHWARZ-HEIDE (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Largest bomber armada despatched to date, 1,341 bombers, target 21 specific targets and 38 hit targets of opportunity. Luftwaffe opposition is heavy as most of the targets are deep into Germany. A total of 32 bombers are lost. Oil targets will become more prevalent in the coming months following the D-day invasion. Bomb loads include HE and Incendiary Bombs (IB) on oil targets. 1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 398NG, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group. 3rd Bomb Division was made up of 94th Bomb Group, 95th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 100th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group, 486th Bomb Group, 487th Bomb Group.

Units

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 69.5 T

23. SAALFELD (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 24 T

24. UBIGAU (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 53.3 T

25. WETZLAR (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 21.9 T

26. WUSTEN- SACHSEN (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 42.5 T HE

27. ZEITZ-TROGLITZ (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERIES

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

The 466th BG sortied 25 B-24's and dropped 45.35 tons of bombs on target. Dorsey Baker, Pilot of Crew #404 stated "Had a good run on the target and had good results with 52 incendiaries. Best fighter cover yet! Saw more P-51's, P-47's and P-38's then we have ever seen. There were a few rockets around the target. I saw no enemy fighters though they were around. Saw P-51's strafing and playing around on the ground all the way out from target. What fun those guys must have. I'll swap with them."

Units

  • 466th Bomb Group

    466th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 466th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Attlebridge, Norfolk, during the last year of the war in Europe. The Group flew 232 missions in the course of the year and celebrated the 100th one by inviting local people onto the base to mark the...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 447.3 T

28. ZWICKAU (Secondary)

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 25 T

Service

People

  • Charles Abbott

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 390th Bomb Group
    Shot down 28 May 1944 in B-17 #4232089. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Jack Agee

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    On 27 Jan 1944, while taxiing after landing from a training flight, the landing gear switch of B-17G #42-31414 was placed in the up position instead of the flap switch. RTD. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-97073. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 5311. ...

  • Charles Anderson

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 351st Bomb Group
    Shot down 28 May 1944 in B-17 42-97472. Evaded.

  • Robert Andrus

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 401st Bomb Group
    Shot down 28 May 1944 in B-17 42-31034 'Bonnie Donnie. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • James Appleby

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 613BS, 401BG, 8AF USAAF. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-102580. Prisoner of War (POW). MACR 5307. Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Robert Asman

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 303rd Bomb Group
    11 x combat missions. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-107028. Prisoner of War (POW). MACR 5340 One of only 3 surviving crew members, thrown out of A/C. Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Frank Avry

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 351st Bomb Group
    Shot down 28 May 1944 in B-17 #4297191 'Silver Ball. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Victor Baccaro

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 390th Bomb Group
    Shot down 28 May 1944 in B-17 #4237806 'Stark's Ark. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • William Baird

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 351st Bomb Group
    Shot down 28 May 1944 in B-17 42-97472. Evaded.

  • Dorsey Baker

    Military | Major | Pilot | 466th Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 42-102440 'Silver Slipper'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 3/3/44; MacDill 20/3/43; Kearney 22/3/44; Dow Fd 4/4/44; Assigned 568BS/390BG [BI-K] Framlingham 5/4/44; Missing in Action Magdeburg (12m) 28/5/44 with Walt Weigle, Co-pilot: Chas Richardson Wounded in Action, Navigator: Herman...

  • 42-102485 Bare Essentials

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 8/3/44; Gr Island 2/4/44; Dow Fd 28/4/44; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 12/5/44; Missing in Action Dessau 28/5/44 with Art Codding, Co-pilot: Roger Withers, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Bob Berg, Radio Operator: Clyde Waite,...

  • 42-102580

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 16/3/44; Gr Island 1/4/44; Dow Fd 8/4/44; Assigned 613BS/401BG [IN-Q] Deenethorpe 3/5/45; Missing in Action Dessau 28/5/44 with Bill Protz, Ball turret gunner: Frank Bartak, Waist gunner: Alby Reinhardt, Waist gunner: Glenn Cliff...

  • 42-102581

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 16/3/44; Kearney 1/4/44; Grenier 14/4/44; Assigned 613BS/401BG [IN-L] Deenethorpe 29/4/44; Missing in Action Dessau 28/5/44 with Paul Scharff, Co-pilot: Chas Eckert, Bombardier: Bob Hoover, Waist gunner: Roscoe Tomlinson (4 Killed in...

  • 42-102589

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 17/3/44; Gr Island 6/4/44; Dow Fd 28/4/44; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 30/4/44; On a local flight 9/7/44 with Doug McArthur, Co-pilot: Stamos Zades, Navigator: George Mille, Bombardier: Chas meyer, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-102647 'BTO in the ETO'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 23/3/44; Hunter 9//4/44; Dow Fd 29/4/44; Assigned 613BS/401BG [IN-G] Deenethorpe 24/5/44; Missing in Action Dessau 28/5/44 with Fred Windham, Navigator: Carl Floto, Bombardier: Angelo Melito, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Bob...

  • 42-102946

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 21/4/44; Kearney 2/5/44; Grenier 21/5/44; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 23/5/44; Missing in Action Krzesinki 29/5/44 with Ray Callahan, Co-pilot: Gene Kivett, Navigator: Jim Russell, Bombardier: John Gerson, Flight engineer/top...

  • 42-107028

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 1/2/44; Grenier 10/3/44; Assigned 338BS/96BG [BX-F] Snetterton 24/3/44; transferred 358BS/303BG [VK-I] Molesworth 8/4/44; Missing in Action (15m) Leipzigl 28/5/44 with Alvin Determan, Radio Operator: Bob Asman,Tail gunner: Wayne Cope (3...

  • 42-110045 'The Banana Barge'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 67BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Zeitz [P] 2Lt Irving Gurman [CP] 2Lt Robert Jipson [N] 2Lt Andrew Kaulbach Jr [B] Sgt James McMaster [E] S/Sgt George Costello [LW] Sgt Eino Wiitala[R] S/Sgt Joseph Carson [RW] Sgt Theodore...

  • 42-110074 'Satan's Mate'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 567BS, 389BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Merseberg en route #2 engine had a small oil leak, at target leak increased considerably[8-9 gallons/hr], oil ran out causing it to be feathered. Within 75 minutes #3 supercharger failed....

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
11 December 2017 13:45:43 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28651315

Date Contributor Update
10 December 2017 17:43:03 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28651156

Date Contributor Update
10 December 2017 13:33:06 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28650924

Date Contributor Update
09 December 2017 19:46:02 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28647599

Date Contributor Update
09 December 2017 15:21:25 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28650214

Date Contributor Update
08 December 2017 16:13:19 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28645039

Date Contributor Update
08 December 2017 15:06:24 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28619559

Date Contributor Update
07 December 2017 19:51:43 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28643527

Date Contributor Update
06 December 2017 17:48:54 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28642335

Date Contributor Update
06 December 2017 16:58:57 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28642335?terms=42-97472

Date Contributor Update
05 December 2017 20:09:07 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28641849

Date Contributor Update
05 December 2017 17:43:16 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28641287

Date Contributor Update
04 December 2017 20:08:02 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28630384

Date Contributor Update
03 December 2017 17:26:21 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28638344

Date Contributor Update
03 December 2017 12:13:34 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28637943

Date Contributor Update
01 December 2017 11:50:14 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28636889?terms=42-97073

Date Contributor Update
01 December 2017 11:18:42 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28635565

Date Contributor Update
29 November 2017 17:49:53 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28635081

Date Contributor Update
28 November 2017 18:01:30 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28635039

Date Contributor Update
27 November 2017 21:46:40 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28634186

Date Contributor Update
26 November 2017 21:49:16 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28633435?terms=42-102647

Date Contributor Update
26 November 2017 21:45:04 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28630384

Date Contributor Update
23 November 2017 17:08:27 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28629099

Date Contributor Update
22 November 2017 19:01:12 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28628837

Date Contributor Update
22 November 2017 18:41:56 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28623428

Date Contributor Update
22 November 2017 18:38:52 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28655316

Date Contributor Update
22 November 2017 18:30:04 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
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https://www.fold3.com/image/28655019

Date Contributor Update
22 November 2017 18:19:42 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28654661

Date Contributor Update
22 November 2017 17:32:16 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28654360?terms=42-37806

Date Contributor Update
22 November 2017 17:09:34 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/28653697

Date Contributor Update
27 May 2015 10:01:33 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
11 January 2015 01:58:27 466thHistorian Changes to person associations
Sources

466th BG HIstorian

Date Contributor Update
11 January 2015 01:56:51 466thHistorian Changes to event
Sources

Attlebridge Diaries - John Woolnough

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:06 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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