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8th Air Force 259

15 March 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

The industrial areas of the secondary target of Brunswick, Germany. A combined force of 344 heavy bombers from 2nd and 3rd Air Divisions are despatched. Mission Summary follows:

3rd Air Division: 187 B-17 from: 94BG; 95BG; 96BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG, 390BG; 447BG; and 452BG are despatched. 185 are effective on the the industrial area of Brunswick, Germany. 1 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 7KIA 3POW. 31 aircraft are damaged. 1 airman is KIA and 1 airman WIA in returning aircraft. The bomber gunners claim 0-0-1 of attacking German aricraft. There are no other losses, casualties or claims.

2nd Air Division: A combined force of 157 B-24s from: 44BG; 389BG; 392BG; 445BG; 453BG; and 458BG are despatched to bomb the industrial areas of Brunswick Germany. 145 are effective on the target. 1 aircraft bombs Wolenbuttel, Germany as a Target of Opportunity (TO); and 1 bombs Hildesheim as a TO. 2 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 12KIA 8POW. 15 aircraft are damaged. 3 airmen in returning aircraft are WIA. There are no other losses, casualties or claims.

Mission details

1. Brunswick, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

All Groups participating are from 3rd Bomb Division.

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces...

  • 452nd Bomb Group

    452nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 452nd Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deopham Green, Norfolk, from January 1944. The air crews hit strategic sites in Germany but also supported the movement of ground forces across Europe after D-Day. On 6 June 1944 itself, the Group...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 562.00
Number of aircraft Sent 187
Number of aircraft Effective 185
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 31
Number of people Killed In Action 7
Number of people Prisoners of War 3
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 1

2. Brunswick, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

1 B-24 dropped on Wolfenbuttel as a T/O and another B-24 dropped on Brunswick as a secondary target and Hildeshime as a T/O. All Groups participating are part of 2nd Bomb Division.

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group allocated B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 series fitted with a nose turret on the production line. The adaptation increased...

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 183.00
Number of aircraft Sent 157
Number of aircraft Effective 145
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of people Killed In Action 12
Number of people Prisoners of War 8

Service

People

  • Robert Blackwell

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 453rd Bomb Group
    Shot down 8 April 1944 in B-24 #4128650 'Rooster. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • James Braa

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball turret gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    James Braa served as a ball turret gunner with the 566th Bomb Squadron of the 389th Bomb Group, flying bombing missions out of Hethel, England. He completed his tour of 30 missions between March and June 1944, flying his final two missions on D-Day.

  • Burton Bush

    Military | Captain | Pilot/Lead Pilot | 458th Bomb Group

  • Richard Conant

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Airplane Mechanic Gunner 748 - Waist Gunner | 447th Bomb Group

  • John Kozey

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot | 56th Fighter Group
    After being damaged by fighters on a bomber support mission to Brunswick, Germany on 15 Mar 1944, P-47D 42-22456 crashed near Quackenbruck after the pilot, Lt John Kozey Jr, baled out. Prisoner of War (POW). Promoted to Major, John stayed in the Air...

  • Nelson Matthews

    Military | Major | Navigator | 351st Bomb Group

  • Clifford Moriarty

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Ran out of fuel on return from a mission on 20 Feb 1944 in B-24J 42-100285 and crash landed at Woodlands Farm, Holbrook, Suffolk. He returned to duty. ...

  • William Mulholland

    Military | Sergeant | Instrument Specialist, Mechanic, Aerial Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Bill went on flight status at the age of 30. He acquired the nickname "The Count" or "Count Nickels" after telling the other flyers tales of working in the NYC subway System where he said the change booth attendant was called "Count Nickels." ...

  • Lloyd Smith

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot/co-pilot | 453rd Bomb Group

Aircraft

  • 42-22456 Liberty Belle

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Shot down 15 March 1944 on an escort mission to Brunswick, with Pilot Lt John Kozey Jr - Prisoner of War (POW) - Missing Air Crew Report - MACR 3052.

  • 42-30595 'Gremlin Gus II' "Olin's 69'ers"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/6/43; Smoky Hill 13/7/43; Kearney 16/7/43; Dow Fd 19/7/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 20/7/43; (34m) transferred Aphrodite project as OLIN'S 69'ERS; when War Weary, fuselage cut down and vehicle windshield fitted before open...

  • 42-3291 Miss Mac

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 30/4/43; Dow Fd 13/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 14/6/43; on training mission 12/7/44 with Major Boardman Reed, Co-pilot: Major Melvin Buckner, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Paul Weathers, Radio Operator: Ora Kelsey, pass...

  • 42-7642 M'Darling

    B-24 Liberator
    Suffered a landing gear collapse on 11 May 1944

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 16:56:52 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to 3AD statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
24 February 2016 16:55:11 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 24-Feb-2016. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces" Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:12 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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