Skip to main content
Edit entry 

833

16 February 1945

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

2. BURGSTEINFURT

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

3. DORTMUND/HARPENERWEG

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

4. HAMM

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

5. LANGENDREER

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Mission 280 Flown on 2/16/1945, 8th AF/379th BG/ A. Edwards Crew
Mission City: Langendreer Country: Germany
Mission Target: Synthetic Oil Plant Aircraft: 44-6459
Alfred E Edwards Jr, Lester W Bohne, Billy C. Hulsey, Vernon T. Calhoun, Wallace I Pfieffer, Janel D Hamilton , William H Melvin Jr., Harry G Chaoona, Michael Rusnak.

Units

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group, based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the...

  • 8th Air Force

Mission Statistics

6. MEPPEN

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

7. MINSTERSTEIN

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

8. MUNSTER

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

9. NORDSTERN

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG MISSION NO. 188 : GELSENKIRCHEN, GERMANY : 16 FEBRUARY, 1945

The synthetic benzol producing refineries at Gelsenkirchen were the targets. The Group supplied the 94th A Combat Wing lead and low boxes with Lt. Col. Francis as Air Commander. The 351st Bomb Group comprised the high box. Wing assembly was without difficulty. The Group was in proper position in Division column and flew the Division assembly line 1500 feet above briefed altitude in order to avoid clouds. Course from the end of the Division assembly line to the IF was flown as briefed, except it was necessary for the Group to go 1,000 feet above briefed altitude in order to avoid dense, persistent contrails. The IP was reached on course.

The Group made a run on the primary target, in squadron formation. It was necessary to bomb by G-FI equipment because dense, persistent contrails produced by aircraft of the preceding formation, and fog, made it impossible to perform a visual sighting operation. Cloud coverage was about four tenths, and visibility was extremely poor. The Group was about 1,000 feet above briefed altitude because of contrails and bombs were dropped from 27,000 feet. Bomb results of the lead squadron were fair; no photos were available from the low squadron.

Flak was moderate but accurate. The craft piloted by Lt. Roland H. Brazier, deputy lead of the low box, was hit in No. 3 engine. The right wing folded and broke off, the plane rolled over, went into a flat spin and was on fire. Six of the crewmen did not survive.

Because of weather conditions, the Group landed at another base.

Units

  • 1st Air Division

    1st Air Division

    Division

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

10. OSNABRUCK

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

11. OSNABRUCK

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

12. RHEINE

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

13. RHEINE

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

14. SALZBERGEN

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

15. WESEL

Description

RAIL BRIDGE

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Service

People

  • Lester Bohne

    Military | 379th Bomb Group

  • John Bookout

    Military | Captain | pilot | 96th Bomb Group
    Assigned Jan 1945

  • John Burk

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 447th Bomb Group
    John McKale Burk was born 30 November 1924 in Ventnor, Atlantic County, NJ to Frederick Grater Burk (20 April 1891 Philadelphia, PA -19 June 1948 Philadelphia, PA) and Mary Cunningham McKale Burk (21 February 1895 Philadelphia, PA - 20 October 1990...

  • Walter Campbell

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) crashed near Kleve on 16 Feb 45 in B-17 #43-39081. After bypassing the primary target Langendreer, Germany, crew was ordered to proceed to bomb secondary target the Munster railhead. This plane was in the lead and was shot down...

  • Jeff Donalson

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 401st Bomb Group
    Most significant experience occurred on 16 February 1945 as consequence of bombing mission of Gelsenkirchen oil refinery. Because of flak damage to aircraft during and following bomb run, we were unable to return to England and were forced to ditch in...

  • Melvin Durst

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 303rd Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW). 23 missions. Shot down 16 Feb 1945 in AC #43-39081. After bypassing the primary target Langendreer because of smog, the crew was ordered to proceed to bomb secondary target at Munster railhead. This plane was in the lead and was...

  • Alfred Edwards

    Military | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group

  • Jean Elissalde

    Military | Major | Co-Pilot | 96th Bomb Group
    Assigned Jan 1945

  • Roy Frawley

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 486th Bomb Group

  • Harry Freivogel

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator. B24. 2nd Air Division, 448th Bomb Group, 714 Bomb Squadron, 29 complete missions | 446th Bomb Group
    After marriage in 1941, Harry enlisted for the draft, and in his own words " being patriotic or probably knowing the regular draft would get me sooner or later and I would be drafted into the regular Army, I decided I would enlist in the Army Air Corps...

Show more

Aircraft

  • 42-107062 Worry Bird/Miss Bea Haven

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 9/2/44; Rapid City 2/3/44; Dow Fd 3/4/44; Assigned 398BG Nuthampstead 25/4/44; no ops, transferred 562BS/388BG Knettishall 29/4/44 WORRY BIRD; Returned to the USA Bradley 8/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 29/11/45;...

  • 43-38187 Carrie B II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/7/44; Kearney 14/7/44; Dow Fd 3/8/44; Assigned 613BS/401BG [IN-C] Deenethorpe 27/8/44. Hit by Flak. Missing in Action on the 16 February 1945 mission to the Minster-Stein coke oven plant, in the Dortmund area. Pilot Jeff N....

  • 44-6459

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Kearney 10/8/44; Grenier 23/8/44; Assigned 525BS/379BG [FR-G] Kimbolton 30/8/44; dam in collision with truck when landing 24/3/45, repaired & ret 3/5/45; Returned to the USA Bradley 30/6/45; Sth Plains 3/7/45; Reconstruction Finance...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
12 January 2016 05:23:01 Figmnt Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

http://www.8thairforce.com/379th/search/crew_member_listing_for_mission....

Date Contributor Update
12 January 2016 05:19:28 Figmnt Changes to event
Sources

http://www.8thairforce.com/379th/search/crew_member_listing_for_mission....

Date Contributor Update
29 April 2015 11:30:53 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:09 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

Share