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628

13 September 1944

Official description

1,015 bombers and 477 fighters attack oil and industrial targets in S Germany by visual means; 15 bombers and 8 fighters are lost:

1. 376 B-17s are dispatched to oil refineries at Stuttgart/Sindelfingen (109) and Ludwigshafen (74); secondary targets hit are Darmstadt (95) and Wiesbaden (8); targets of opportunity hit are Mainz (22), a marshaling yard near Wiesbaden (12) and others (3); 4 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 134 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 2 WIA and 37 MIA. Escort is provided by 73 of 74 P-47s, they claim 6-0-2 aircraft on the ground.

2. 342 B-24s are dispatched to hit Schwabish Hall Airfield (65), a munitions dump at Ulm (65) and Weissenhorn (45); a target of opportunity hit is Reichelsheim (1); 4 B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 127 damaged; 3 airman are WIA and 39 MIA. Escort is provided by 99 P-38s and P-51s; they claim 14-0-5 aircraft on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost.

3. 297 B-17s are dispatched to hit oil refineries at Merseburg (141) and Lutzkendorf (77); targets of opportunity hit are Giessen (17), Eisenach (12), Altenburg (7), Gera (7) and other (19); they claim 1-0-0 aircraft; 7 B-17s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 145 damaged; 4 airmen are KIA, 8 WIA and 67 MIA. Escort is provided by 233 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 33-0-4 aircraft in the air; 6 P-51s are lost.

Mission 629: 11 B-24s are dispatched on an Azon mission to the oil refinery at Hemmingstedt (6); 5 hit the secondary target, ammunition dumps at Kropp. Escort is provided by 15 of 15 P-51s without loss. Mission 631: 8 of 8 B-17s drop leaflets on the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany.

73 of 74 B-17s, escorted by 63 P-51s, continuing the UK-USSR-Italy-UK shuttle-bombing mission, take off from USSR bases, bomb steel and armament works at Diosgyor, Hungary and proceed to Fifteenth AF bases in Italy.

40 of 48 P-51s fly a strafing mission S of Munich hitting an aircraft dispersal area, airfield and marshaling yard; they claim 5-0-0 aircraft on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost.

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 46.5 T

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 9 T

3. ALTENBURG (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 17 T

4. DARMSTADT (Secondary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 270.8 T

5. EISENACH (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 28.4 T

6. GERA (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 27.5 T

7. GIESSEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 40 T

8. LUDWIGSHAFEN (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 211.5 T

9. LUTZKENDORF (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 188.2 T

10. MAINZ (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 64.8 T

11. MERSEBURG (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd BG, 303rd BG, 305th BG, 306th BG, 379th BG, 384th BG, 385th BG,389th BG, 401st BG, 457th BG, 486th BG. 351st Bomb Group & 381st Bomb Group stand down.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 334.5 T

12. REICHELSHEIM (Opportunistic)

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 3 T

13. SCHWABISHCH HALL (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44th BG, 92nd BG, 93rd BG, 385th BG, 389th BG, 445th BG, 446th BG, 453rd Bomb Group 489th BG, 491 BG, 492nd BG. 93rd BG, 458th BG, 466th Bomb Group & 467th Bomb Group stand down.

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 169.5 T

14. STUTTGART/SINDELFINGEN (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of B-17s is 44th BG, 94th BG, 95th Bomb Group 96th Bomb Group, 100th BG, 385th BG, 388th BG, 390th BG, 447th BG, 452nd BG, 486th BG, 490th BG, 493rd BG.

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 296.7 T

15. ULM (Primary)

Description

MUNITIONS DUMP

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 161 T

16. WEISBADEN (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 36 T

17. WEISBADEN (Secondary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 24 T

18. WEISSENHORN (Primary)

Description

MUNITIONS DUMP

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 108.3 T

Service

People

  • George Brand

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 401st Bomb Group
    2nd Lt George C Brand flew 34 missions with the 401st Bomb Group, from 6 July 1944, mission to 30 October 1944. Brand was French, but enlisted in the US Army Air Forces,

  • Warren Callahan

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 447th Bomb Group
    Warran Callahan served as a co-pilot with the 708th Bomb Squadron of the 447th Bomb Group, flying bombing missions out of Rattlesden, England.

  • Thomas Carruth

    Military | Flight Officer | Bombardier | 379th Bomb Group
    On 13 September 1944 his aircraft was hit by flak on a mission to Merseberg, the damage took out two engines, and oil was leaking from a third. ...

  • Anthony Chong

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | 379th Bomb Group
    On 13 September 1944 his aircraft was hit by flak on a mission to Merseberg, the damage took out two engines, and oil was leaking from a third. ...

  • Robert Collins

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Navigator; Statistics | 490th Bomb Group
    AWARDS: ...

  • Wayne Ehlers

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Navigator | 379th Bomb Group
    On his 24th mission on 13 September in 1944 Ehler's plane was hit by flak, which knocked out 2 engines, and a 3rd was leaking oil. ...

  • Thomas Flemming

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars
    Thomas F Flemming served as a pilot with the 323rd Bomb Squadron of the 91st Bomb Group. ...

  • Oscar Flores

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Right Waist Gunner | 447th Bomb Group
    Oscar Flores served as a waist gunner with the 708th Bomb Squadron of the 447th Bomb Group, flying bombing missions out of Rattlesden, England.

  • Robert Hagen

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 379th Bomb Group
    Flew 34 missions on 'Take Me Home'. On 13 September 1944 Hagen flew as an observer, performing the duties of a tail gunner, when his aircraft was hit by flak on a mission to Merseberg, the damage took out two engines, and oil was leaking from a third....

  • Frank Hodenius

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 303rd Bomb Group
    B-17 #42-32027 'Betty Jane' dropped out of formation due to flak over the target area of Mersberg, GR on 13 Sep 1944 and crashed. Prisoner of War (POW).

Show more

Aircraft

  • 42-107062 Worry Bird/Miss Bea Haven

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 9/2/44; Rapid City 2/3/44; Dow Fd 3/4/44; Assigned 398BG Nuthampstead 25/4/44; no ops, transferred 562BS/388BG Knettishall 29/4/44 WORRY BIRD; Returned to the USA Bradley 8/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 29/11/45;...

  • 42-38013 "NEVADA AVENGER"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; New Castle 10/12/43; Presque Is 15/12/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-C] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44; sal battle damaged 27/4/44. NEVADA AVENGER. ...

  • 42-39993 Hells Angels Out Of Chute 13

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 26/10/43; Assigned 612BS/401BG [SC-C] Deenethorpe 1/1/44; 118m landing accident at base with Jim Nolan 7/5/45; sal 2 SAD Watton, Nfk 8/5/45. HELL’S ANGELS OUT OF CHUTE 13 aka GROSSLY INADEQUATE. ...

  • 42-97105 Paper Doll

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Selfridge Fld 3/2/44; Dorval 4/3/44; Assigned RAF [HB-768]; transferred 561BS/388BG Knettishall 13/3/44; Missing in Action Parchim 7/4/45 with Lew Hickman, Arnold Wolf, Cawthorn Perdue, Albt Vawter, Herman Meyer (5 Prisoner of War); John...

  • 43-37755 Everybody's Baby

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 18/5/44; Kearney 29/5/44; Grenier 4/6/44 ...

  • 44-6104 Homing Pidgeon

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 4/5/44; Kearney 11/5/44; Grenier 26/5/44; Assigned 613BS/401BG [IN-N] Deenethorpe 1/6/44 ...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
22 August 2018 15:36:26 Emily Changes to official description
Sources

THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by Carter / Mueller, the Office of Air Force History.

Date Contributor Update
03 February 2017 23:37:20 timothymotz Changes to person associations
Sources

Timothy Motz; from a mission list kept by Harold Motz, compared with Doyle Shields, "History of the 447th Bomb Group"

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:08 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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