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HALPRO Task Force

12 June 1942

Official description

13 B-24’s of detachment under command of Col Harry A Halverson en route from US to China take off during 11Jun from Fayid to bomb oilfields at Ploesti. Only 12 attack at dawn. 4 of the 13 land at base in Iraq which was designated for recovery of the flight, 3 land at other Iraq fields, 2 land in Syria, and 4 are interned in Turkey.

Though damage to target is negligible, the raid is significant because it is the first AAF combat mission in EAME Theater in World War II, and the first strike at a target which later will be famous.

Description

The first Army Air Force Combat mission in Europe during the Second World War, saw 13 B-24 Liberators, originally destined for China, bomb oil refineries in Ploesti, Roumania. While the raid had little impact, it proved the concept that Heavy bombers could carry out long-range attacks against defended targets

Mission details

1. Ploesti

Description

13 B-24 Liberators are tasked with bombing oil fields in Ploesti, Colonel Halverson directed his crews to fly directly to Romania, and return to Habbaniyah, Iraq.

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • Halverson Detachment

    Halverson Detachment

    Detachment
    HALPRO or the Halverson Detachement was a group of 23 B-24 Liberators originally destined to join the 10th Air Force in the China, Burma, India Theatre of operations. ...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 13

2. Ploesti Oil Refineries

Description

12 B-24 Liberators bomb oil refineries in Ploesti. Bad weather frustrates bombing attempts, and crews encounter anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighters, meaning that damage to the plant is light.

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • Halverson Detachment

    Halverson Detachment

    Detachment
    HALPRO or the Halverson Detachement was a group of 23 B-24 Liberators originally destined to join the 10th Air Force in the China, Burma, India Theatre of operations. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 24
Number of aircraft Sent 12
Number of people Interned 4 Crews

3. Constanta

Description

One B-24 Liberator bombs the harbor at Constanta and returns to base

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • Halverson Detachment

    Halverson Detachment

    Detachment
    HALPRO or the Halverson Detachement was a group of 23 B-24 Liberators originally destined to join the 10th Air Force in the China, Burma, India Theatre of operations. ...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 1

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
24 September 2019 14:51:20 Emily Created entry with name, date, official description and description
Sources

Air Force Combat Chronology

>Striking Oil: The First American Bombing Raid over Europe in World War II , ABMC, June 2017.

Early Operations: Ninth/Twelfth Air Force in the Mediterranean, National Museum of the US Air Force

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