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VIII Fighter Command FO 235 BOMBER ESCORT

5 February 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

A combined force of 634 fighter aircraft of types: P-38; P-47 and P-51s are despatched to provide escort to heavy bombers attacking German airfields in France. Summary follows:

A combined force of 92 P-38s from: 20FG & 55FG are despatched. No aircraft are lost to enemy action but 2 are Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR), one in a chrash landing upon return and one in a crash on take off - 2 RTD. 1 other aircraft is damaged. There are no other losses or casualties. The fighters in this element claim 2-0-0 of attacking German aircraft.

A combined force of 496 P-47s are despatched. 48 of these are furnished by IX Fighter Command 358FG, the remaining 544 are from: 4FG; 56FG; 78FG; 353FG; 353FG; 355FG; 356FG; 359FG; and 361FG. 2 aircraft from VIII Fighter Command Failed to Return (FTR) - 2 KIA. 2 other aircraft are Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) in crash landings upon return - 2RTD. 1 other aircraft is damaged. There are no other losses or casualties. The fighters of this element claim 4-0-3 of attacking German aircraft.

46 P-51s from IX Fighter Command 354FG join the escort. There are no losses, casualties or damaged aircraft. The fighters of this element claim 0-0-1 of attacking German aircraft.

Mission details

1. CHATEAUROUX

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

P-38 Lightning

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 20th Fighter Group

    20th Fighter Group

    Group
    In August 1943, the 20th Fighter Group arrived in Clyde, Scotland, before travelling to Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire, which was to be their base for the rest of the war. The Group flew 312 missions before their last mission on 25 April 1945. The...

  • 55th Fighter Group

    55th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 55th Fighter Group were the first P-38 Lightning Group to go fully operational from England. The pilots flew long-range escort missions for bombers flying over occupied Europe and racked up 'kills' of their own by destroying enemy aircraft in...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 92
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 2
Number of people Returned To Duty 2
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 2

2. CHATEAUROUX

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

P-47 Thunderbolt

Notes

The IX Fighter Command contributes 48 P-47s from 358th Fighter Group and 46 P-51s from 354th Fighter Group (statistics not included in totals).

Units

  • 352nd Fighter Group

    352nd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 352nd Fighter Group were based at Bodney, Norfolk from July 1943 until November 1945 but in the winter months of 1944/1945 detachments moved to bases in Belgium to provide extra air support to ground forces during the Battle of the Bulge and to...

  • 353rd Fighter Group

    353rd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 353rd Fighter Group was assigned to the Eighth Air Force on 7 June 1943. The group flew P-47 Thunderbolts, and from October 1944, P-51 Mustangs, as escorts for bombing missions across occupied Europe and to strafe targets on the ground. Tactical...

  • 355th Fighter Group

    355th Fighter Group

    Group
    Where the 353rd Fighter Group had pioneered ground strafing techniques, it was the 355th Fighter Group who destroyed more enemy aircraft by ground strafing than any other Eighth Air Force Group. Based at Steeple Morden from July 1943 to July 1945, the...

  • 356th Fighter Group

    356th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 356th Fighter Group flew 413 missions between 15 October 1943 and 7 May 1945 and suffered the highest ratio of losses to enemy aircraft claims of any Eighth Air Force Group. This gave the Group the reputation of being the 'hard luck' outfit. The...

  • 358th Fighter Group

    358th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 358th Fighter Group flew seventeen missions with the Eighth Air Force from Leiston air base. At the beginning of February 1944 the Group were transferred to the Ninth Air Force in exchange for the 357th Fighter Group. With the Ninth, the Group went...

  • 359th Fighter Group

    359th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 359th Fighter Group flew 346 missions from East Wretham between December 1943 and April 1945. In the main these missions were escorting bombers flying over occupied Europe. The Group, soon after converting from Thunderbolts to Mustangs, were...

  • 361st Fighter Group

    361st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 361st Fighter Group was the last P-47 Thunderbolt Group to join the Eighth Air Force. Between 21 January 1944 and 20 April 1945, the Group flew 441 missions, the majority in an escort role in support of bombers flying over occupied Europe. The...

  • 4th Fighter Group

    4th Fighter Group

    Group
    Some of the pilots of the 4th Fighter Group had seen many hours of combat by the time they joined the 4th Fighter Group as they had volunteered with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force. The three 'Eagle Squadrons' of RAF Fighter...

  • 56th Fighter Group

    56th Fighter Group

    Group
    Flying P-47 Thunderbolts throughout their time stationed in England, the Group, known as "the Wolfpack", had more ace pilots than any other Eighth Air Force Fighter Group. The 56th Fighter Group also destroyed more enemy aircraft in air combat than any...

  • 78th Fighter Group

    78th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 78th Fighter Group was initially based at Goxhill but moved to Duxford in April 1943 and stayed there until October 1945. It flew all three of the USAAF's principal fighters. On D-Day every available Thunderbolt provided air cover to the Allied...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 448
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 2
Number of aircraft Damaged 1
Number of people Killed In Action 2
Number of people Returned To Duty 2
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 4
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 3

3. Châteauroux, France

Description

48 P-47s from IX Fighter Command join the escort.

Aircraft type

P-47 Thunderbolt

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 358th Fighter Group

    358th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 358th Fighter Group flew seventeen missions with the Eighth Air Force from Leiston air base. At the beginning of February 1944 the Group were transferred to the Ninth Air Force in exchange for the 357th Fighter Group. With the Ninth, the Group went...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 48
Number of aircraft Effective 48

4. Châteauroux, France

Description

46 P-51s from IX Fighter Command 354FG join the escort

Aircraft type

P-51 Mustang

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 354th Fighter Group

    354th Fighter Group

    Group
    The Group moved to England in the autumn of 1943 and was assigned to the Ninth Air Force in December 1943. The Group were the first to fly P-51 Mustangs operationally and in their bomber escort missions pushed to find the long-range limits of the...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 46
Number of aircraft Effective 46
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 1

Service

People

  • Kenneth Chetwood

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 83FS, 78FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 67FW, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD). Awards: AM, WWII Victory, EAME.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2016 19:06:13 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 2-Feb-2016. Added connection to IX FC 358FG per "The Mighty Eight War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2016 19:05:18 Lee8thbuff Created event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 2-Feb-2016. Added New Mission event for P-51 despatch by IX FC 354FG element statistics per "The Mighty Eight War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2016 19:02:42 Lee8thbuff Created event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 2-Feb-2016. Added New Mission event for P-47 despatch by IX FC 358FG element statistics per "The Mighty Eight War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2016 19:00:00 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 2-Feb-2016. Added claims on enemy aircraft to VIII FC P-47 element statistics per "The Mighty Eight War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2016 18:57:35 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 2-Feb-2016. Added claims on enemy aircraft to P-38 element statistics per "The Mighty Eight War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2016 18:55:38 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 2-Feb-2016. Added Mission Description per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:20 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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