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481

18 July 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Flew an easy one over Denmark to Germany. Only had one hours sleep between yesterday and today.

Mission details

1. CUXHAVEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 122.7 T

2. FRENOUVILLE (Primary)

Description

TROOP CONCENTRATION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 406 T

3. HEMMINSTEDT (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 133.2 T

4. HUBERT LA FOLIE (Opportunistic)

Description

EQUIPMENT CONCENTRATION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 56.9 T

5. KIEL (Primary)

Description

HARBOUR INSTALLATION

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of B-17s is 94th Bomb Group, 95th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 100th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group.

___________________________________________________________________________

On this day, the 1st Air Division was assigned targets in the Peenemunde area, the 2nd Air Division was assigned the Caen area of France, while the 3rd Air Division was sent to Kiel. The 388th Bomb Group furnished two Groups. The A Group was the high Group in the 45th A Combat Wing while the B Group was the high Group in the 45th B Combat Wing.
17 aircraft of the A Group and 18 aircraft of the B Group were airborne between 0428 and 0501 hours. 1 aircraft from each Group aborted. Formations were effected and the briefed course to the target was followed. After the Wing left England, 10/10th clouds prevailed over the entire route. The PFF equipment in the lead aircraft of the A Group was not functioning and the Wing did not get into position to bomb on the markers of the preceding Wing. Our A Group returned with their bombs. The B Group attacked the primary target with bombs away at 0842 hours from 25,300 feet.
No enemy fighters were seen. Flak over the target was moderate.
All of our aircraft returned to base by 1123 hours.
(From 'The 388th At War' by Ed Huntzinger).
___________________________________________________________________________

Units

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 255.2 T

6. MEZIDON (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 28.7 T

7. PEENEMUNDE/ZINNOWITZ (Primary)

Description

V-2 MISSILE DEVELOPMENT

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 398th Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group.

457th BG - MISSION NO. 89 - MUNICH, GERMANY - 16 JULY, 1944

Munich, having received a two-day respite, was the objective for the fourth time in six days of the striking power of American heavy bombers. The field order was the same as before. Bomb Allach if weather permits. Bomb Munich if clouds obscure the ground.

The 457th Group dispatched thirty-six planes aloft to comprise the lead and low boxes of the 94th A Combat Wing, with Major Hozier and Lt. Russell M. Selwyn leading in a PFF plane. Major Dickinson led the low box. After a normal assembly, the formation, sixth in the Division line, proceeded across the North Sea to the Scheldt Islands. Again no variation or deception had been put in the penetration route. It was exactly the same as the last three missions.

The flight south over Belgium and thence southeast over northern France, Luxembourg and Germany, to a point fifty miles from the IP was uneventful. The cloud cover increased to ten- tenths near Stuttgart and rose abruptly from 14,000 to 22,000 feet. Dense and persistent contrails interfered with the formation flying. The Division formation became disrupted. A turn northeast was executed to hold it intact.

The IP was far to the south as it was passed, still the course was held although Munich was fifty miles to the south. Finally, when a turn was made for a run on the city, Regensburg lay directly beneath the thick clouds which now had risen to 26,000 feet. The bomb run would be from the northeast instead of the northwest. The bombs were released from 27,000 feet. It was therefore certain that the bombs landed in the center of the city. At this height the flak, though intense, was vely inaccurate. Much of it was a thousand or more feet below.

After bombing, the Wing formation proceeded in the return route by itself. The aircraft returned without loss. Four times in six days southern Germany had borne the weight of more than one thousand American heavy bombers.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division
  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 1087 T

8. SOLIER (Primary)

Description

TROOP CONCENTRATION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

This mission is carried out with cooperation of 9th AF and RAF Bomber Command in support of the British Second Army in the Caen area. OPERATION GOODWOOD. The bombers blasted an enormous gap (1,500 yards deep by 4,000 yards wide in the enemy front that allowed the forces of Field Marshall Montgomery to capture most of Caen. But the men of Panzer Group West still held the high ground south of Caen. This prevented Montgomery's forces from breaking out into the Falaise plain. Actually the bomb craters stalled Montgomery's mechanized columns. This would not be the end of the experiment of using heavy bombers in a tactical role to aid the ground forces. This force is escorted by 90 RAF Spitfires.

Units

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 609.5 T

9. Stralsund, Germany

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 50 T

10.

Description

TROOP CONCENTRATION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 325.4 T

Service

People

  • Elvin Armentrout

    Military | Togglier | 384th Bomb Group

  • Dorsey Baker

    Military | Major | Pilot | 466th Bomb Group

  • Thomas Barton

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    newly assigned May 1944

  • Clark Benington

    Military | B-17 Pilot | 96th Bomb Group

  • William Brice

    Military | Major | Bombardier | 100th Bomb Group
    My father flew 29 missions with the James S. Seamans' Crew. The nickname for the crew was Seamans' Demons. He was lead bombadier on several if not most missions. He was a good man whom I loved very much. He told me stories of his missions and escapades...

  • Warren Callahan

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 447th Bomb Group
    Warran Callahan served as a co-pilot with the 708th Bomb Squadron of the 447th Bomb Group, flying bombing missions out of Rattlesden, England.

  • Robert Collins

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Navigator; Statistics | 490th Bomb Group
    AWARDS: ...

  • Lee Conner

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 448th Bomb Group
    Lee's original aircraft was named "Do Bunny", after his soon to be wife, Doris Christianson (Frank Christianson's sister). However; upon arrival at Wales, the aircraft they named was given to another crew.

  • Morgan Cox

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 466th Bomb Group

  • John Craig

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 492nd Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 41-29350 Spare Parts

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24 41-29350 was lost on 18 July 18 1944 over France. The aircraft took a direct hit by flak in the bomb bay while leaving the target, severing the control cables and forcing the pilots to attempt to ditch in the Channel off the coast of France. Four...

  • 42-102435 Double Wallop

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 3/3/44; Dorval 10/3/44; Assigned RAF [HB784]; transferred USAAF 31/3/44; Assigned 562BS/388BG [B] Knettishall 1/7/44; Missing in Action Munich 31/7/44 with Jim Crider, Co-pilot: Fred Gordon, (no nav), Bombardier: Bill Stewart, Flight...

  • 42-102555

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 14/3/44; Gr Island 6/4/44; Dow Fd 28/4/44; Assigned 366BS/305BG [KY-F] Chelveston 14/5/44; ...

  • 42-102658 Blanco Diablo

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 23/3/44; Gr Island 12/45/44; Dow Fd 28/4/44; Assigned 708BS/447BG Rattlesden 30/4/44; Missing in Action Merseburg 6/12/44 with Howard DeMallie, Chas Olson, Don Holmes, Howard Derp, Lowell Strain, Henry Rutkowski, Loel Bishop (7...

  • 42-107062 Worry Bird/Miss Bea Haven

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 9/2/44; Rapid City 2/3/44; Dow Fd 3/4/44; Assigned 398BG Nuthampstead 25/4/44; no ops, transferred 562BS/388BG Knettishall 29/4/44 WORRY BIRD; Returned to the USA Bradley 8/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 29/11/45;...

  • 42-31582 Ol' Scrapiron

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; Paine Fd 28/11/43; Toledo 1/12/43; Felts Fd 4/12/43; Gt falls 5/12/43; Cheyenne 7/12/43; Kearney 19/12/43; Detroit 8/1/44; Montreal 10/1/44; Presque 12/1/44; Assigned 711BS/447BG Rattlesden 23/1/44. ...

  • 42-38013 "NEVADA AVENGER"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; New Castle 10/12/43; Presque Is 15/12/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-C] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44; sal battle damaged 27/4/44. NEVADA AVENGER. ...

  • 42-97105 Paper Doll

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Selfridge Fld 3/2/44; Dorval 4/3/44; Assigned RAF [HB-768]; transferred 561BS/388BG Knettishall 13/3/44; Missing in Action Parchim 7/4/45 with Lew Hickman, Arnold Wolf, Cawthorn Perdue, Albt Vawter, Herman Meyer (5 Prisoner of War); John...

  • 42-97206 Woolf Pack

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 6/2/44; Gr Island 25/2/44; Presque Is 10/3/44; Assigned 452BG Deopham Green 16/3/44; damaged in taxi collision with 42-107225 at Hardwick Afd 7/6/44; Missing in Action Frankfurt 25/9/44 with Gaston Efird, Co-pilot: Bruce Merickle,...

  • 42-95215 MOONSHINE EXPRESS

    B-24 Liberator
    Seger Crew R-31 of the 856th was on their second mission flying MOONSHINE EXPRESS, number 42-95215. They took a severe hit by flak. Lt. Seger managed to get his plane over the Allied beachhead before giving the order to abandon ship. Sgt Craig's chute...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
25 January 2017 19:32:58 cmckeever Changes to description and person associations
Sources

Daughter - Carol Rollinger McKeever

Date Contributor Update
03 June 2015 13:45:57 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Correction to pin location

Date Contributor Update
03 June 2015 13:44:07 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Remove incorrect pin location

Date Contributor Update
03 June 2015 13:42:00 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
09 March 2015 12:12:07 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Information sent by Dick Read relating to Arthur M. Read and the 388th Bomb Group. (From 'The 388th At War' by Ed Huntzinger).

Date Contributor Update
13 November 2014 14:01:11 Emily Changes to media associations
Sources

Associated Media based on images associated with missions in Freeman, The Mighty Eighth War Diary.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:07 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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