Skip to main content
Edit entry 

471

13 July 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 3.9 T

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 7.5 T

3.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 9 T

4. MUNICH (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 15 T

5. MUNICH (Primary)

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG - MISSION NO. 88 - MUNICH, GERMANY - 13 JULY, 1944

For the third successive day, Munich was the target of the Eighth Air Force bombers. Seven hundred planes were dispatched to Munich, while over three hundred were sent to Saarbrucken. The Allach aero engine works was the visual pnmary target and the center of Munich the PFF target.

Losses and battle damage on 12 July's mission limited the 457th Group's force to one eighteen-plane box on this mission. Major Peresich led the Group. Takeoff was into an overcast that extended from two thousand feet to twelve thousand feet. The assembly altitude had to be raised to 14,000 feet. One plane failed to find the Group formation. It joined the 306th Group. The remainder of the planes assembled into the high box position in the 94th Combat Wing.

No change had been made in the penetration route from that of the previous two missions to Munich. German fighter strength had not offered battle before and the presence of six hundred American fighters did not augur for a profitable Interception. At the moment the 457th Group was crossing the Rhine River between Karisruhe and Mannheim, messages were sent by the German police system to Stuttgart, Nuremburg and Salzburg, telling them to send all available fire-fighting apparatus to Munich.

The formation overshot the briefed IP and did not turn toward Munich until it was almost due north of the city. PFF bombing was announced and as the Wing came down the bomb run, the 457th high box was in its proper place at the left side of the Wing leader. However, the leader had brought the formation in to the west of the center of Munich and made a sharp left turn to correct. This threw the high box over to the right of the lead and bombs were dropped in this position. They fell in a less built up area two miles southeast of the center of the city and on the east side of the Isar River.

After bombing, the lead box turned left instead of right as briefed. The high box turned right and became separated from the lead and low box. An attempt was made to join the other two boxes after they came around Munich, but the 45 7th Group was too far ahead. It then joined the 40th Combat Wing and returned to England without difficulty. No fighters were observed and flak over Munich had been much less accurate than yesterday.

Only eight planes received damage, all minor. Out of 1043 dispatched bombers, sixteen failed to return.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 244.3 T

6. MUNICH CITY (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of B-17s is 94th Bomb Group, 95th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 100th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 335.2 T

7. MUNICH CITY (Primary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 398th Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 830.4 T

8. SAARBRUCKEN (Primary)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44th Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 446th Bomb Group, 448th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group, 458th Bomb Group, 466th Bomb Group, 467th Bomb Group, 489th Bomb Group, 491st Bomb Group,492nd Bomb Group.

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 911.3 T

Service

People

  • Dorsey Baker

    Military | Major | Pilot | 466th Bomb Group

  • Lee Conner

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 448th Bomb Group
    Lee's original aircraft was named "Do Bunny", after his soon to be wife, Doris Christianson (Frank Christianson's sister). However; upon arrival at Wales, the aircraft they named was given to another crew.

  • Nicholas Duncan

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 388th Bomb Group

  • Vernon Foreseth

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Prisoner of War (POW) Shot down by flak and crashed at Hamburg on 8/6/44 in B-24 42-95561. Was on his 25th mission and survived 8 months in a German prison camp. Held at Stalag Luft III, he was one of the 11,000 prisoners forced to march from Sagan to...

  • Percy Gaudin

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Prisoner of War (POW) Shot down by flak and crashed at Hamburg on 8/6/44 in B-24 42-95561.

  • Fred Gleason

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Engineer/Top Turret Gunner | 447th Bomb Group
    After four years of High School, Fred Gleason enlisted in January 1943. Trained as an Engineer/Gunner on B-17 bombers, he was sent to Europe. Assigned to the 447th Bomb Group/709th Bomb Squadron, he was shot down in B-17 #43-37788 on return of the 13...

  • William Goo

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Killed in Action (KIA) Shot down by flak and crashed at Hamburg in B-24 42-95561

  • Charles Gordon

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier/Navigator | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Charles Gordon flew 17 missions as a navigator and 18 as a bombardier with the 44th Bomb Group, flying missions out of Shipdham, England. ...

  • Paul Greno

    Military | Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Killed in Action (KIA) Shot down by flak and crashed at Hamburg in B-24 42-95561.

  • Raymond Harman

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Flight Engineer; Top Turret Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW). Shot down by flak and crashed near Corne on 7/19/44 in B-17 44-6129

Show more

Aircraft

  • 42-102435 Double Wallop

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 3/3/44; Dorval 10/3/44; Assigned RAF [HB784]; transferred USAAF 31/3/44; Assigned 562BS/388BG [B] Knettishall 1/7/44; Missing in Action Munich 31/7/44 with Jim Crider, Co-pilot: Fred Gordon, (no nav), Bombardier: Bill Stewart, Flight...

  • 42-30778 Old 66/Lady Margaret

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/7/43; Gore 6/8/43; Pendleton 12/8/43; Reno 14/8/43; Pierre 16/8/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 3/9/43; crashed on take off for France 13/8/44 with Leon Sutton, Co-pilot: Harlan Thompson, Navigator: George Healy, Bombardier:...

  • 42-97760

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 16/2/44; 1SAG Langley 12/3/44; Dow Fd 29/5/44; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 31/5/44; Salvaged 9AF Germany 11/1/46.

  • 43-37788

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 21 May 1944; Hunter 3 June 1944; Grenier 15 June 1944. Assigned 709BS/447BG Rattlesden 17 June 1944. Missing in Action Munich 13 July 1944 with Pilot Russell D. Hilding, Bombardier Raymond E. Wojnicz (2 Prisoner of War); Co-pilot:...

  • 42-95021 San Antonio Rose

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-94952 Shack Rat

    B-24 Liberator
    Crash-landed and caught fire at Clastres, France, 22 Sep 44, while on loan to 458th BG for truckin' operations.

  • 41-51121 Niagara Special

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-100177

    B-24 Liberator
    Transferred from the 66th Bomb Squadron to the 506th Bomb Squadron in April 1944

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
03 June 2015 13:26:26 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:07 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

Share