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VIII Fighter Command ESCORT & SWEEPS

2 October 1942

Official description

Not yet known

Description

1FG despatches 31 P-38s to escort bombers attacking the aircraft factory at Meaulte, France, sustaining one loss. 1FG also despatches 34 Spitfires on a sweep over the English Channel; 52FG despatches 7 Spitfires on a sweep over the English Channel; 4FG despatches 19 P-38s over the English Channel on practice sweeps; 31FG despatches 36 Spitfires as an escort for an RAF mission.

Mission details

1. ST OMER/ LONGEUNESSE

Description

DIVERSION

Aircraft type

Spitfire

Notes

First mission for 4th Fighter Group escorting bombers.

Spitfires of 4FG on first mission as escort to diversionary force attacking St Omer

Fighter Group E/A credits- 4 FG- 4

Units

  • 4th Fighter Group

    4th Fighter Group

    Group
    Some of the pilots of the 4th Fighter Group had seen many hours of combat by the time they joined the 4th Fighter Group as they had volunteered with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force. The three 'Eagle Squadrons' of RAF Fighter...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 23
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 4

2. MEAULTE

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

P-38 Lightning

Notes

P-38s as escort to main force attacking Meaulte.

This is the first time that fighters have specifically escorted bombers and this is the last time that P-38s will be used to escort bombers until 3-Nov-43. The 1st Fighter Group has its first loss shot down by an enemy fighter to near Calais, 2LT William H. Young is Killed in Action (KIA).

Units

  • 1st Fighter Group

    1st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 1st Fighter Group were initially deployed to Britain in the summer of 1942 as part of Operation Bolero. After shuttling through a number of different bases in the UK, the Group was reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force in September 1942 and supported...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped Not Applicable
Number of aircraft Sent 31
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of people Killed In Action 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 4
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Fighter Command 0
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 1

3.

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

Spitfire

Notes

Despatched as escort for RAF for Boston Bombers. Target not in available data. This is the last operation of the 31st Fighter Group from the UK.

Units

  • 31st Fighter Group

    31st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 31st Fighter Group only flew missions from England between June and September 1942 but during this period they supported the Dieppe raid, the assault on occupied Europe, predominantly by the Canadian army. The attack was forced into early retreat...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 36

4. ENGLISH CHANNEL

Description

FIGHTER SWEEP

Aircraft type

P-38 Lightning

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 1st Fighter Group

    1st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 1st Fighter Group were initially deployed to Britain in the summer of 1942 as part of Operation Bolero. After shuttling through a number of different bases in the UK, the Group was reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force in September 1942 and supported...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 19

5. ENGLISH CHANNEL

Description

FIGHTER SWEEP

Aircraft type

Spitfire

Notes

This group of fighters make practice sweeps and defensive sorties. First mission for 14th Fighter Group.

Units

  • 4th Fighter Group

    4th Fighter Group

    Group
    Some of the pilots of the 4th Fighter Group had seen many hours of combat by the time they joined the 4th Fighter Group as they had volunteered with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force. The three 'Eagle Squadrons' of RAF Fighter...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 34

6. ENGLISH CHANNEL

Description

FIGHTER SWEEP

Aircraft type

Spitfire

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 52nd Fighter Group

    52nd Fighter Group

    Group
    Two of the Squadrons of the 52nd Fighter Group flew Spitfires with RAF Fighter Command in August and early September 1942 from northern Ireland. After these preparatory missions, the Group joined the Twelfth and then Fifteenth Air Force in the...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 7

Service

People

  • Raymond Duke-Woolley

    Military | Wing Commander | Pilot / Wing and later Group commander | 4th Fighter Group
    Took command of Debden Wing [3 x Eagle Sqn] ...

  • Richard McMinn

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 4th Fighter Group
    Joined RAFVR, service pilot training in US, shipped overseas to ETO, operational training at OTU, assigned to 71 [Eagle] Sqn RAF, transferred to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF, ...

  • William Morgan

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 4th Fighter Group
    Joined RAFVR, service pilot training in US, shipped overseas to ETO, OTU training, ...

  • William Young

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 1st Fighter Group
    Shot down in P-38-F on escort mission to Meaulte, France by Unteroffizier Stoller near Calais 2 Oct 1942. Prisoner of War (POW). Group was transferred to 12th AF on 14 September but was still operating under 8th control.

Aircraft

  • EN853

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire EN853 Mk Vb, Built at Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory. ...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
15 February 2015 18:50:29 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 15-Feb-2015. Added fighter claims on enemy aircraft to statistics 4-0-1 on Meaulte escort.per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
15 December 2014 09:13:23 Emily Changes to event
Sources

Freeman, The Mighty Eighths War Diary, p. 18

Date Contributor Update
27 October 2014 16:51:27 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 27-Oct-2014. Mission description based on "Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:18 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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