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VIII Bomber Command 90

3 September 1943

Official description

Not yet known

Description

German airfields in France and the Caudron-Renault works at Paris are the targets for this mission. The mission is composed of three elements. The first element is a combined force of 168 B-17s from: 91BG (14); 351BG (19); 381BG (22); 92BG (19); 305BG (18); 306BG (18); 303BG (19); 379BG (21); and 384BG (18) despatched to bomb the German air depot at Romilly-sur-Seine, France. 100 of the aircraft are effective on the target. 28 aircraft bomb the German airfield at St. Andre-de-L'Eure, France; and 12 aircraft bomb the German airfield at Evreux/Fauville, France as a target of opportunity. 4 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR)-4KIA 16POW 10EVD 10RTD (rescued by ASR) 55 aircraft are damaged and 2 airmen are Wounded in Action (WIA). The bomber gunners claim 11-1-0 of attacking enemy aircraft.

The second element is a formation of 65 B-17s from: 94BG (21); 96BG (21); and 388BG (23) despatched to bomb the German airfield at Mureaux, France. 38 are effective on the target. 18 from 94BG bomb what they think is a target of opportunity, but it turns out to be a "dummy" airfield that the German have constructed near Dieppe, France. There are no losses or claims in this element.

The third element is a formation of 65 B-17s from : 95BG (20); 100BG (21); and 390BG (22) are despatched to bomb the Caudron-Renault works at Paris, France. 385BG was scheduled to fly this mission but was cancelled when one of their aircraft exploded on the hardstand at Great Ashfield. When the formation reaches Paris, the target is obscured by clouds. So, the formation bombs the Beaumont Le Roger airfield near Paris. 5 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR)-16KIA 13POW 4EVD 10RTD (rescued by ASR); 18 aircraft are damaged and 4 airmen are Wounded in Action (WIA)

NOTE: B-17F-100-BO 42-30414 "Roundtrip Ticket II" was fully loaded with 500lb bombs and parket on dispersal No. 9 at Great Ashfield. An oxygen leak in the top turret slinger ring had been detected and teh crew had exited the aircraft and were waiting for the leak to be repaired. For some unknown reason a fire started aboard the aircraft. The fire brigade was called but they were unable to control the fire and the aircraft and its entire bomb load exploded. CPL Edward B. DeWolf was killed. A total of 5 other aircraft were damaged: B-17E 41-9017 and B-17F 5911 "Hesitatin' Hussy" which were parked 390ft away were so damaged by the blast that they had to be scrapped. 3 others were damaged and repaired in two days: B-17F 42-30251, parked at 630ft from the blast: B-17F 42-3097 "The Groundhog", parked 800ft from the explosion; and B-17F 42-30091, parked 900ft from the blast.

Mission details

1. DIEPPE (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

This appeared to be a dummy airfield set up by the Germans to deceive the bombers. Target of opportunity.

Units

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 54.00
Number of aircraft Sent 21
Number of aircraft Effective 18

2. EVREUX/FAUVILLE (Last resort)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

384th Bomb Group loses one Missing in Action (MIA).

Units

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 34.50
Number of aircraft Sent 18
Number of aircraft Effective 12
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of people Prisoners of War 10
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 1

3. MEULAN LES MUREAUX

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

388th Bomb Group loses two Missing in Action (MIA).

Units

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 113.50
Number of aircraft Sent 44
Number of aircraft Effective 38
Number of aircraft Damaged 2

4. PARIS CAUDRON RENAULT (Primary)

Description

CAUDRON-RENAULT vehicle factories

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

390th Bomb Group was unable to locate the other formations, did not bomb. 100th Bomb Group loses 5 and earns the nickname "The Bloody Hundredth". 385th Bomb Group was scheduled to participate but one of their B-17s exploded on the hardstand after catching fire at the engine start, so they withdraw from the mission.

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 111.00
Number of aircraft Sent 65
Number of aircraft Effective 37
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 5
Number of aircraft Damaged 18
Number of people Killed In Action 17
Number of people Wounded in Action 4
Number of people Evaded 7
Number of people Prisoners of War 12
Number of people Returned To Duty 10
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 15
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 4
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 8

5. ROMILLY SUR SEINE (Primary)

Description

AIR DEPOT

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

381st Bomb Group loses one Missing in Action (MIA).

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 294.25
Number of aircraft Sent 150
Number of aircraft Effective 100
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 55
Number of people Killed In Action 1
Number of people Wounded in Action 2
Number of people Evaded 3
Number of people Prisoners of War 6
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 6
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 7

6. ST ANDRE DE L'EURE (Secondary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

92nd Bomb Group and 379th Bomb Group each lose 1 Missing in Action (MIA).

Units

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 81.25
Number of aircraft Effective 28
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of people Killed In Action 3
Number of people Evaded 6
Number of people Prisoners of War 11
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 4
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 2

Service

People

  • Allan Alford

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    Tail gunner, Loftin crew. 381st BG, 534th BS. Shot down 9 October 1943 in B-17 #42-29958 'Battlin' Bombsprayer'. Mission #37 to the Arado Aircraft components at Anklam, Germany. MACR 886. Killed in Action (KIA). Buried in the Ardennes AMC. ...

  • Richard Bailey

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    Retired from the USAF with the rank of Major

  • Charles Bang

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    RWG, Zum crew. 381st BG, 535th BS. Shot down 3 September 1943 in B-17 42-29789 'Big Time Operator'. Mission #25 to the airfield at Romilly, France. MACR 473. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft XVIIB. S/Sgt Bang was a replacement for this mission, he was a...

  • Hyman Beckerman

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 381st Bomb Group
    Navigator, Loftin crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 9 October 1943 in B-17 #42-29958 'Battlin' Bombsprayer'. Mission #37 to the Arado Aircraft components at Anklam, Germany. MACR 886. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft III and Stalag XIIID. ...

  • Charles Bliss

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    Retired from the USAF with the rank of Colonel

  • Neil Brennan

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Air Gunner, Togglier/Bombardier | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Shot down 26 November 1943 in B-17 #4230832. Prisoner of War (POW). He was a Prisoner of War (POW) from 26 Nov. 1943 to 04 May 1945. He was at Stalag 17B, Krems, Austria. Prisoner of War (POW) no. 100388. POW

  • Ferdinand Christofero

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    Tail gunner, Zum crew. 381st BG, 535th BS. Shot down 3 September 1943 in B-17 #42-29789 'Big Time Operator'. Mission #25 to the airfield at Romilly, France. MACR 473. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft XVIIB. Brooklyn, NY POW

  • Luther Clark

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 381st Bomb Group
    Bombardier, Zum crew. 381st BG, 535th BS. Shot down 3 September 1943 in the B-17 #42-29789 'Big Time Operator'. Mission #25 to the airfield at Romilly, France. MACR 473. Killed in Action when his parachute failed to open. Quitman, TX

  • Cecil Clore

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 381st Bomb Group
    Pilot, Clore crew. "B" Flight Commander. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Killed in Action (KIA). Crashed shortly after TO near Hedingham on mission #56 to Kiel, Germany in B-17G #42-31278 'Mix Master'. Originally buried with the entire crew at Cambridge...

  • Chester Cornell

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot ; Pilot | 381st Bomb Group
    Co-pilot, Loftin crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 9 October 1943 in B-17 42-29958 'Battlin Bombsprayer'. Mission #37 to the Arado Aircraft components at Anklam, Germany. MACR 886. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft III and Stalag XIIID. ...

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Aircraft

  • 41-24560 'Little Audrey'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 368BS/306BG [BO-D] New Castle 4/10/42; Thurleigh 26/10/42; transferred 369BS [WW- ]; transferred 544BS/384BG [SU-A] Grafton Underwood 5/9/43; 1 Base Air Depot, Burtonwood 15/3/44; Returned to the USA Homestead 14/5/44; Reconstruction Finance...

  • 42-29789 Big Time Operator

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 18/2/43; Salina 8/3/43; Pueblo 8/4/43; Smoky Hill 6/5/43; Dow Fd 19/5/43; Presque Is 21/5/43; Assigned 535BS/381BG [MS-O] Ridgewell Stone, Joe Mello, Bill Grayson; Missing in Action 4m Romilly 3/9/43 with Ben Zum, Navigator: John...

  • 42-29914

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 8/3/43; Smoky Hill 26/3/43; Baer Fd 10/4/43; Smoky Hill 13/4/43; Dow Fd 18/4/43; Assigned 339BS/96BG Grafton Underwood 24/4/43 MISCHIEF MAKER; Andrews Field 13/5/43; Snetterton 12/6/43; transferred 546BS/384BG [BK-H] Grafton...

  • 42-29958 Battlin' Bombsprayer

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 17/3/43; Pueblo 8/4/43; Smoky Hill 7/5/43; Dow Fd 21/5/43; Assigned 534BS/381BG [GD-J] Ridgewell 24/5/43 with Alan Tucker, Earl Muchway, Dave Harris, Dick Rylands, Chas Raglin, Bill Savage, Jim Klingenberger, John Willdredge, Grover...

  • 42-30033 "Little America"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 2/4/43; Sioux City 13/4/43; Kearney 4/5/43; Bangor 20/5/43; Assigned to the 547BS/384BG [S0-G] Grafton Underwood 24/5/43, then the 546BS [BK-G]; Missing in Action Leverkusen 1/12/43 with Maj Maurice Stanley Dillingham, Co-pilot:...

  • 42-30193 Hard Luck

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/4/43; Sioux City 8/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 14/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 15/6/43. ...

  • 42-30207 Big Red

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 11/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 12/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG [ -T] Knettishall 14/6/43; Missing in Action Bordeaux 27/3/44 with Julius Lederman, Co-pilot: Waite Law, Bombardier: John Luzell (3 Prisoner of War)...

  • 42-30213 Lil' One

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Gore 9/5/43; Sioux City 10/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 15/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 1/6/43; crashed on take off for Bremen after encountering mechanical problems 13/11/43 with Bob Simons, Co-pilot: Alvin...

  • 42-5904 Gremlin Gus

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 29/4/43; Sioux City 4/5/43; Roswell 26/5/43; Smoky Hill 12/6/43; Dow Fd 19/6/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG [--K] Knettishall 18/6/43; t/o La Pallice 16/9/43 due to poor weather, with Jarrendt, Co-pilot: ?, Navigator: Staples (Wounded in...

  • 42-5905 Just Ag

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 26/4/43; Sioux City 7/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 30/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 3/7/43; detailed Solignen, 30/11/43 with Paul Kelly, Co-pilot: John Corzette, Navigator: John Wiley, Bombardier: Marion Wiles, Flight...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
10 May 2017 19:38:45 ThomBear Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Added a/c 41-24560 per post-mission report.

Date Contributor Update
31 May 2015 00:59:55 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-May-2015. Added bomber gunner claims to St. Andre element statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
31 May 2015 00:57:33 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-May-2015, Added bomber gunner claims to Romilly element statistics.

Date Contributor Update
31 May 2015 00:55:45 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-May-2015. Added bomber gunner claims to Caudron-Renault element statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
31 May 2015 00:52:08 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-May-2015. Added bomber gunner claims to Evreuax/Fauville statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", ROger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
31 May 2015 00:49:11 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30May-2015. Editing Mission Narrative adding note about 385BG aircraft explosion based on "The Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
31 May 2015 00:19:09 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-May-2015. Correcting Mission Narrative for Romilly based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
31 May 2015 00:02:07 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-May-2015. Correcting typo in Mission Narrative.

Date Contributor Update
30 May 2015 23:56:18 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-May-2015. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" , Roger A. Freeman and amended per the 303BG Mission Report and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces" Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:18 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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