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VIII Bomber Command 65

22 June 1943

Official description

Not yet known

Description

The German rubber industry (Chemische Werke Hüls AG) at Marl (district Hüls-Nord), Germany, is the primary objective of this mission and is assigned to the Bomb Groups with the most expericence. Also the industrial area of Antwerp, Belgium is assigned as a secondary target. Three new Bomb Groups will fly their first missions today.

A large formation of 152 B-17s is depatched from 91BG (22); 92BG (29); 303BG (15); 305BG (25); 306BG (24); 351BG (21) and 379BG (16) to bomb at Marl, Germany. 118 of 152 are effective on the target from this formation In addition, a composite group of 303BG (13) and 379BG (7) also is assigned to rubber industry at Marl, Germany and flies with the main formation. 16 of 20 are effective on the target. 11 YB-40 gunships are included in the despatch from 92BG. A total of 11 aircraft are MIA, one of these is a YB-40. 91BG takes the heaviest loss of 5 B-17s. Flak is light-moderate and fighter resistance is moderate. The bomber gunners claim 32-8-23 of the enemy fighters.

A second formation of 63 B-17s is despatched from 94BG (16); 95BG (17); and 96BG (30) to bomb the German rubber industry at Marl, Germany. 49 of the 63 despatched are effective on the target. 5 B-17s from this formation are MIA. The bomber gunners claim 14-12-11 of the enemy fighters.

A composite force of 42 B-17s is despatched from: 381BG (22) and 384BG (20) to bomb the industrial area of Antwerp, Belgium. This is the first mission for 381BG and 384BG. 4 B-17s are MIA. Flak is moderate and fighter resistance is light. The bomber gunners claim 1-2-9 of the enemy aircraft.

Lastly, the 100BG despatched 21 B-17s to fly a diversion for the Huls attack, but was launched too late to confuse the enemy. This is the first mission for the 100BG. There are no losses or claims.

Mission details

1.

Description

DIVERSION

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

This is the first mission for the 100th Bomb Group. The diversion is despatched too late to confuse the enemy, but suffered no losses or casualties.

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped None
Number of aircraft Sent 44

2. ANTWERP (Secondary)

Description

FORD and GM PLANTS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

This is the first mission for the 381st Bomb Group and the 384th Bomb Group. T o ease their baptism of fire they get a fighter escort but still lose two aircraft apiece.

Units

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 95.50
Number of aircraft Sent 42
Number of aircraft Effective 39
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 4
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 17
Number of people Killed In Action 28
Number of people Wounded in Action 14
Number of people Prisoners of War 32
Number of people Returned To Duty 19

3. HULS (Primary)

Description

CHEMICAL PLANT - SYNTHETIC RUBBER PLANT - Chemische Werke Hüls AG, Marl.

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

First large scale raid on the Ruhr. The complement furnished by the 92nd Bomb Group included 11 YB-40s one of which was shot down by AA fire. 13 303rd Bomb Group aircraft and 7 379th Bomb Group aircraft flew as a composite group. It was estimated that less than 100 of the 1,445 bombs dropped on the plant from 25,000 ft. actually hit it. Though this was enough to destroy three months production and put the plant down for a month. No fighter escort on this mission.

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group, based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group's 327th Bomb Squadron was the only Eighth Air Force squadron to fly YB-40s in combat. YB-40s were B-17s modified to fly as a heavily armed escort for other bombers. They were flown on missions between May and June 1943. Between May 1943...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15-Jun-1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organisation and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29-Jun-1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28-Aug-42 to 31-Oct-42 than at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas from...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 422.00
Number of aircraft Sent 235
Number of aircraft Effective 183
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 16
Number of aircraft Damaged 75
Number of people Killed In Action 32
Number of people Wounded in Action 16
Number of people Evaded 1
Number of people Prisoners of War 113
Number of people Returned To Duty 9

Service

People

  • Leon Berger

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Radio Operator SSgt Leon Berger was Killed in Action flying his fourth and final mission to the synthetic rubber plant located at Hulls Germany on June 22, 1943. Enemy aircraft attacked the formation at approximately 09:15AM just prior to their...

  • Earl Boies

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Top Turret Gunner/Engineer Technical Sgt Earl J Boies was Killed In Action flying his fourth and final mission to the synthetic rubber plant located at Hulls Germany on June 22, 1943. ...

  • Charles Brinton

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    Waist gunner, Schenk crew. 381st BG, 533rd BS. Killed in Action (KIA) 25 June 1943. June 22, 1943 'Linda Mary' B17 #42-29984 piloted by Lt. M. Schenk crash landed in an English field on return on the 381st first operational mission to Antwerp, Belgium....

  • Joel Bunch

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 22 June 1943 in B-17 #4230211. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Claude Campbell

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 303rd Bomb Group
    Pilot in the 360th Squadron.

  • Robert Castle

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 22 June 1943 in B-17 #4230211. A/C Hit by four enemy fighters over target. KIA. PH

  • Glenn Chapin

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner; Flight Engineer | 381st Bomb Group
    ETTG, Horr Crew. 381st BG, 532nd BS. Shot down June 22, 1943 in B-17 #42-30016 "Iron Gut Gert". Mission #1 - Antwerp, Belgium. First 381st mission. MACR 134. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft VIIA. Ansen, TX

  • Hubert Clark

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    Waist Gunner. Horr Crew. 381st BG, 532 BS. Shot down 22 June 1943 in B-17 #42-30016, Iron Gut Gert. Mission #1 - Antwerp, Belgium. First 381st BG mission. MACR 134. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft VIIA. Cobden, IL

  • Daniel DiThomas

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 384th Bomb Group
    Shot down 22 June 1943 in B-17 #425853 'Salvage Queen. ' Plane crashed into Channel. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • Erskine Dollarhide

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 379th Bomb Group
    Capt. Erskine Dollarhide Jr was Killed In Action flying his third and final mission to the synthetic rubber plant located at Huls Germany on June 22, 1943. As part of a composite strike force of the 525thBS/379th BG (H) & 303rd BG (H) Dollarhide led...

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Aircraft

  • 42-29635 Augerhead

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/1/43; Salina 7/2/43; Assigned 358BS/303BG [VK-M] Molesworth 26/3/43. 18 missions. Missing in Action on the mission to bomb the airfield at Amiens-Glisy, France on 31 August 1943. Pilot: William J. Monahan; Co-pilot: Louis M....

  • 42-29984 Linda Mary

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 22/3/43; Cheyenne 31/3/43; Oklahoma City 6/4/43; Romulus 12/4/43; Assigned 533BS/381BG Ridgewell 16/6/434; battle damaged 1m lost two engines over Antwerp 22/6/43 with Martin Shenk, Co-pilot: Bill Grant, Navigator: Tom Kehley,...

  • 42-30016 Iron Gut Gert

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 1/4/43; Pueblo 8/4/43; Smoky Hill 6/5/43; Dow Fd 19/5/43; Assigned 532BS/381BG [VE-M] Ridgewell 6/5/43 with Earl Horr, Bill Roberts, George Griffith, Chester Hoover, Glenn Chapin, George Orin, Herb Clark, Chas Henry, Everett Hodson,...

  • 42-30021

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 1/4/43; Pueblo 8/4/43; Smoky Hill 17/4/43; Pueblo 27/4/43; Smoky Hill 6/5/43; Dow Fd 23/5/43; Assigned 533BS/381BG [VP-L] Ridgewell 29/5/43 with John Martin, Bob Marsh, Harry Long, Wallace Hoag, Jim Lantto, John Hutchinson, Hugh...

  • 42-30033 "Little America"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 2/4/43; Sioux City 13/4/43; Kearney 4/5/43; Bangor 20/5/43; Assigned to the 547BS/384BG [S0-G] Grafton Underwood 24/5/43, then the 546BS [BK-G]; Missing in Action Leverkusen 1/12/43 with Maj Maurice Stanley Dillingham, Co-pilot:...

  • 42-30211

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 27/4/43; Smoky Hill 6/5/43; Tinker 15/5/43; Lincoln 21/5/43; Dow Fd 24/5/43; Assigned 92BG 3/6/43, transferred 335BS/95BG [OE-T] Alconbury 13/6/43; Horham 16/6/43; 1m, Missing in Action Huls 22/6/43 with Capt Joel Bunch, Co-pilot:...

  • 42-30412 Mischief-Maker II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Plane Mischief Maker II entered combat approximately Jun43 under command of Capt V.L. Iverson after the original Mischief Maker was damaged beyond repair. After this crew completed 25 missions Maj. Iverson was retained for HQ USSTAF, the crew...

  • 42-3223 Red Hot Riding Hood

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 14/4/43; Dow Fd 23/5/4 Assigned 533BS/381BG [VP-R] Ridgewell 2/6/43 with Chas Hedin, Rudi Duncan, Frank Cappel, Dick Hanna, Bob Potts, Vivian Thomas, Stewart McDonald, Cliff Marhefke, Arnold Lorick; en route Amiens 14/7/43 caught...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
22 October 2017 14:09:55 CeesSteijger Changes to description
Sources

Name of factory and the right location

Date Contributor Update
22 October 2017 14:06:28 CeesSteijger Changes to event
Sources

Name of the factory and the right location.

Date Contributor Update
15 January 2016 19:19:26 Mags Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

303rd BG Web Page

Date Contributor Update
06 January 2015 19:40:38 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2015. Description based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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