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VIII Bomber Command 63

13 June 1943

Official description

Not yet known

Description

German naval facilities and port areas at Bremen, Germany and Kiel, Germany are the primary targets for this mission. A formation of 151 B-17s despatched from: 91BG (21); 92BG (17); 303BG (27); 305BG (24); 306BG (28); 351BG (21); and 379BG (13) are to bomb the U-Boat pens and naval facilities at Bremen, Germany. 20 aircraft from this formation drop on targets of opportunity in the Bremen area. 122 of the 151 despatched are effective on a target. Flak and fighter opposition is moderate. 4 B-17s are MIA. Bomber gunners claim 2-2-1 of enemy aircraft.

A second formation of 76 B-17s is despatched from: 94BG (26); 95BG (26); and 96BG (24) to bomb the naval facilities and port area of Kiel, Germany. 16 of these aircraft bomb targets of opportunity in the Kiel area. 60 of the 76 B-17s despatched are effective on a target. Flak and fighter opposition is fierce and 22 (28.9%) of the attacking force are MIA, the greatest loss for the 8th AF. The 95BG sustains the highest loss (10 MIA) of heavy bombers on a single mission thus far in the War. Brig Gen Nathan B. Forrest, Commanding Officer of 95BG is killed. The bomber gunners claim 39-5-14 of the enemy fighters.

This mission was the first and the last time the 95BG used the "Forrest formation" where aircraft were lined up in flat formation, wing tip to wing tip, as opposed to the standard box formation used by the eighth air force during that period.

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 19.75
Number of aircraft Effective 16

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 50.50
Number of aircraft Sent 20
Number of aircraft Effective 20

3. BREMEN (Primary)

Description

U-BOAT PENS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

This mission experiences the heaviest fighter attacks to date. No fighter escort on this mission. The 95th Bomb Group loses the first General Killed in Action (KIA) in 8th Air Force, BRIG GEN Nathan B. Forrest. An observer aboard 42-30164.

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group's 327th Bomb Squadron was the only Eighth Air Force squadron to fly YB-40s in combat. YB-40s were B-17s modified to fly as a heavily armed escort for other bombers. They were flown on missions between May and June 1943. Between May 1943...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 253.75
Number of aircraft Sent 131
Number of aircraft Effective 102
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 4
Number of aircraft Damaged 31
Number of people Killed In Action 15
Number of people Wounded in Action 8
Number of people Prisoners of War 16
Number of people Returned To Duty 8

4. KIEL (Primary)

Description

U-BOAT PENS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15-Jun-1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organisation and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29-Jun-1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28-Aug-42 to 31-Oct-42 than at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas from...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 99.75
Number of aircraft Sent 76
Number of aircraft Effective 44
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 22
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 3
Number of aircraft Damaged 23
Number of people Killed In Action 158
Number of people Wounded in Action 22
Number of people Prisoners of War 61
Number of people Returned To Duty 28

Service

People

  • Leon Berger

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Radio Operator SSgt Leon Berger was Killed in Action flying his fourth and final mission to the synthetic rubber plant located at Hulls Germany on June 22, 1943. Enemy aircraft attacked the formation at approximately 09:15AM just prior to their...

  • Earl Boies

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Top Turret Gunner/Engineer Technical Sgt Earl J Boies was Killed In Action flying his fourth and final mission to the synthetic rubber plant located at Hulls Germany on June 22, 1943. ...

  • Carroll Briscoe

    Military | Colonel | Pilot | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    He reported to group on 15 Jan 1943. He was the 35th Officer to complete 25 missions. Reported on 05 Feb 1945 with the 2AF weather scouts. Retired as a Colonel from the USAF in 1972. ...

  • Hudson Choice

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    12-Jun-42 Assigned as Ball Turret Gunner on B-17F 41-24584 [GN-Q] "Susfu", 303BG/427BS at Gowen Field, Boise, Idaho with rank of Sergeant. 22-Oct-42 arrived at Molesworth, UK aboard "Susfu". Credited with 26 missions. Final rank as Staff Sergeant. Last...

  • Samuel Collins

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Waist GUNNER

  • Lloyd Donelson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    SSgt Lloyd Donelson (LT Waist) Survived his final mission to the synthetic rubber plant located at Hulls Germany on June 22, 1943. After enemy aircraft attacked his B17F 42-29946 with 20 mm cannon fire he was able to move from the waist to the nose of...

  • Nathan Egnor

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 379th Bomb Group
    2nd Lt Nathan Egnor Navigator was Killed In Action flying his fourth and final mission to the synthetic rubber plant located at Hulls Germany on June 22, 1943. Enemy aircraft attacked the formation at approximately 09:15AM just prior to their reaching...

  • William Ferguson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 94th Bomb Group
    William Baker Ferguson, went by Baker, and often signed his name "Bake". There is also one letter to his parents from someone named Paul in Stalag 3 who calls him "Fergie". Baker was 25 years old at the time of the mission; he graduated from Whitman...

  • Vern Iverson

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | pilot | 96th Bomb Group
    Story of "Mischief Maker" participation on 27 Aug 1943 Regensburg mission in Snetterton Falcons, pg 44.

  • Jack Kern

    Military | Colonel | Pilot | 351st Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 42-29635 Augerhead

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/1/43; Salina 7/2/43; Assigned 358BS/303BG [VK-M] Molesworth 26/3/43. 18 missions. Missing in Action on the mission to bomb the airfield at Amiens-Glisy, France on 31 August 1943. Pilot: William J. Monahan; Co-pilot: Louis M....

  • 42-29675

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 4/2/43; Rapid City 22/2/43; Kearney 12/3/43; Morrison 24/4/43; Assigned 336BS/95BG [ET-E] Alconbury 5/4/43; 334BS [BG-E], 335BS [OE-S]; 7m, Missing in Action Keil 13/6/43 with Bill Adams, Co-pilot: Edwin Lewis, Navigator: Vic...

  • 42-29680 'Battlin B'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 2/2/43; Salina 14/2/43; Rapid City 16/2/43; Kearney 12/3/43; Morrison 25/3/43; Assigned 335BS/95BG [OE-R] Alconbury 24/4/43; transferred 412BS [QW-R] then 336BS [ET-R]; 3m, Missing in Action Kiel 13/6/43 with Joe Nunes, Co-pilot: Gus...

  • 42-29702 'Rat Killer'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 7/2/43; Rapid City 20/2/43; Kearney 12/3/43; Brookley 27/3/43; Morrison 9/4/43; Assigned 336BS/95BG [ET-H] Alconbury 13/4/43; Framlingham 12/5/43; Horham 335BS [OE-H], 412BS [QW-H], then 334BS [BG-H]; 8m, Missing in Action Kiel 13/6...

  • 42-29737 'Louise'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/2/43; Rapid City 22/2/43; Salina 4/3/43; Kearney 12/3/43; Assigned 92BG Alconbury 9/4/43; transferred 412BS/95BG [QW-N] Framlingham 12/5/43; with R.E. Robinson force landed Framlingham afd 17/5/43; with Robinson 19/5/43, Navigator...

  • 42-29763

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 15/2/43; Casper 13/3/43; Smoky Hill 10/4/43; Presque Is 5/5/43; Assigned 335BS/95BG [OE-X] Framlingham 12/5/43; 2m, Missing in Action Kiel 13/6/43 with Chas Rubin, Co-pilot: Wendell Wilson, Navigator: Gordon McIntosh, Bombardier:...

  • 42-29827

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 23/2/43; Gore 24/2/43; Stillwater 8/3/43; Gulfport 31/3/43; Assigned 365BS/305BG [XK-O] Chelveston 8/4/43; transferred 335BS/95BG [OE-V] Alconbury 13/5/43; 5m, Missing in Action Kiel 13/6/43 with Ken Mason, Co-pilot: Marvin Wagner,...

  • 42-29940

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 15/3/43; Casper 29/3/43; Smoky Hill 10/4/43; Dow Fd 30/4/43; Assigned 332BS/94BG Bassingbourn 8/5/43; Earls Colne 12/5/43. ...

  • 42-30118

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 13/4/43; Smoky Hill 22/4/43; Presque Is 16/5/43; Assigned 335BS/95BG [OE-N] Framlingham 29/5/43; 2m, Missing in Action Kiel 13/6/43 with Capt Owen Cornett, Co-pilot: Hubert Wood, Navigator: Noah Hughes, Bombardier: Jack Wisznoski,...

  • 42-30164

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 21/4/43; Tinker 27/4/43; Memphis 30/4/43; Presque Is 5/5/43; Assigned 334BS/95BG [BG-E] Framlingham 12/5/43; 2m, Missing in Action Kiel 13/6/43 with Capt Harry Stirwalt, Co-pilot: Maj Alan Wilder, Navigator: Walter Thimm, Bombardier:...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
29 May 2017 18:45:11 BobPitts Changes to person associations
Sources

AAM

Date Contributor Update
15 January 2016 19:17:11 Mags Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

303rd BG Web Page

Date Contributor Update
07 April 2015 21:12:02 simaguire Changes to description
Sources

B17s Over Berlin: Personal stories from the 95th bomb group.

Date Contributor Update
06 January 2015 17:51:50 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2015. Description based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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