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8th Air Force 218

11 February 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

This mission is composed of two separate elements. 3rd Bomb Division stands down having sustained massive losses of 29 aircraft on the previous day.

The first element is a combined force of 201 B-24s from 2nd Bomb Division: 44BG; 93BG; 389BG; 392BG; 445BG; 446BG; 448BG; and 453BG despatched to bomb the V-Weaon sites near Siracourt, France. 4 groups using PFF equipment bombed the target - 94 aircraft effective. 4 other Groups assigned other targets in the area lacked PFF equipment and were unable to bomb. 1 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 10KIA. 1 aircraft returning with a full bomb load crashed upon return and was declared to be Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR). 17 other aircraft were damaged. 1 airman was KIA and 1 airman was WIA in returning aircraft. There were NO claims on enemy aircraft made by the bomber gunners in this element.

The second element was a combined force of 223 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division: 91BG; 303BG; 305BG; 306BG; 351BG; 369BG; 381BG; 384BG; 401BG; and 452BG were despatched to bomb the primary target of the railroad marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany. 157 aircraft were effective on the target. Cloud cover and smoke caused other formations to bomb targets of opportunity at Ludwigshaven, Germany - 32 aircraft effective; Saarbrucken, Germany - 19 aircraft effective; 4 others bombed other targets of opportunity. 5 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 4KIA 25POW 21EVD. 3 aircraft were Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) in crash landings and accidents upon return - 1KIA 29RTD. 26 airmen aboard retuning aircraft were WIA. The bomber gunners of this element calimed 3-0-2 of attacking German aircraft.

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 1st Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 10.20
Number of aircraft Sent 4
Number of aircraft Effective 4

2. Frankfurt, Germany

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

The marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany are the primary target, but cloud cover frustrates some groups from attacking this target and they divert to bombing other marshalling yards at Ludwigshaven and Saarbrucken.

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 401st Bomb Group

    401st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 401st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire, from November 1943 to June 1945. Starting their missions at that time meant the focus was very much on the coming invasion attempt of France planned for the following...

  • 482nd Bomb Group

    482nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 482nd Bomb Group was a Pathfinder Group, which using radar-equipped aircraft to support bombing missions until March 1944. Aircraft from this Group went ahead of other Bombers and sent information back about the best routes to take and the extent...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 388.00
Number of aircraft Sent 168
Number of aircraft Effective 157
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 5
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 3
Number of aircraft Damaged 124
Number of people Killed In Action 6
Number of people Wounded in Action 26
Number of people Evaded 21
Number of people Prisoners of War 25
Number of people Returned To Duty 35
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 3
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 2

3. LUDWIGSHAFEN (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 1st Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 98.00
Number of aircraft Sent 32
Number of aircraft Effective 32

4. SAARBRUCKEN (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 1st Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 39.00
Number of aircraft Sent 19
Number of aircraft Effective 19

5. SIRACOURT (Primary)

Description

V-1 MISSILE SITES

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Siracourt is bombed by 94 of 201 B-24s using Pathfinder (PFF) equipment, the other More than 100 aircraft were to hit other targets without using Pathfinder (PFF) and were unable to find their targets.

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group to be given B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 model that was fitted with a nose turret on the production line, an adaptation...

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 446th Bomb Group

    446th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 446th Bomb Group, who came to be known as "the Bungay Buckaroos" after the name of their Suffolk base, flew B-24 Liberators on strategic, support and interdictory missions over Europe. The Group led the Eighth Air Force and 2nd Bomb Division on the...

  • 448th Bomb Group

    448th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 448th Bomb Group was a B-24 Liberator Group that flew out of Seething, Norfolk. The Group flew their first mission on the 22nd December 1943 and over the next eighteen months the air crews flew 262 missions over occupied Europe. These bombing...

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 453rd Bomb Group

    453rd Bomb Group

    Group
    As well as strategic bombardment missions, the 453rd Bomb Group also ferried cargo on two occasions. They hauled petrol, blankets, and rations to France in September 1944 and dropped ammunition, food and medical supplies near Wesel during the airborne...

  • 93rd Bomb Group

    93rd Bomb Group

    Group
    93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 1-March-1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. On 15-May-1942 the Group moved to Ft. Myers, Florida to continue advanced flight training and also to fly anti-submarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; they...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 274.00
Number of aircraft Sent 201
Number of aircraft Effective 94
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 17
Number of people Killed In Action 11
Number of people Wounded in Action 1
Number of people Returned To Duty 10

Service

People

  • Arthur Aull

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 446th Bomb Group

  • Henry Barr

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    Tail gunner, Laux crew. 381st BG, 532nd BS, 8th AF. Damaged by fighters on the return from mission #67 to the marshalling yards at Frankfurt am Main, GR on 11 Feb 1944. B-17G #42-31099 'Tenabove' crashed near Poix-de-Picardie, FR after the crew bailed...

  • Robert Blackwell

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 453rd Bomb Group
    Shot down 8 April 1944 in B-24 #4128650 'Rooster. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Edgar Burton

    Military | Lieutenant | Navigator | 446th Bomb Group
    Flew 25 missions, ending just before D-Day. Flew on D Day just to see it. According to him, he never saw a German fighter but did see lots of flak.

  • Carl Christensen

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Bombardier / L,R Waist Gunner, Nose Gunner / Togglier | 379th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 525BS, 379BG, 8AF USAAF. 25 x combat missions. Failed to Return (FTR) in 42-31083; A/C exploded mid-air near Downham Market, England. Killed in Action (KIA). Awards: AM, PH.

  • Rudolph Cutino

    Military | Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    RWG, Laux crew. 381st BG, 532nd BS, 8th AF. Damaged by fighters on the return from mission #67 to the marshalling yards at Frankfurt am Main, GR on 11 Feb 1944. B-17G #42-31099 'Tenabove' crashed near Poix-de-Picardie, FR after the crew bailed out....

  • Judson Doyle

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 381st Bomb Group
    Bombardier, Laux crew. 381st BG, 532nd BS, 8th AF. Damaged by fighters on the return from mission #67 to the marshalling yards at Franfurt am Main, GR on 11 Feb 1944. B-17G #42-31099 'Tenabove' crashed near Poix-de-Picardie, FR after the crew bailed...

  • Walter Empric

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 401st Bomb Group
    Bombardier on 1st Lt Robert O. Stine's "Shade Ruff" crew. Shot down on 11 April 1944 on his 17th combat mission in B-17G #42-39881 "Gloria J." Prisoner of War (POW). Detained as a prisoner of the government of Germany in Stalag Luft III (Sagan,...

  • Thomas Glennan

    Military | Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner, Radio Mechanic | 381st Bomb Group
    LWG, Laux crew. 381st BG, 532nd BS, 8th AF. Damaged by fighters on the return from mission #67 to the marshalling yards at Frankfurt am Main, GR on 11 Feb 1944. B-17G #42-31099 'Tenabove' crashed near Poix-de-Picardie, FR after the crew bailed out....

  • Richard Hamilton

    Military | Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    BTG, Laux crew. 381st BG, 532nd BS, 8th AF. Damaged by fighters on the return from mission #67 to the marshalling yards at Frankfurt am Main, GR on 11 Feb 1944. B-17G #42-31099 'Tenabove' crashed near Poix-de-Picardie, FR after the crew bailed out....

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Aircraft

  • 42-31083 Tenny Belle

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 15/9/43; ...

  • 42-31099 Tenabove

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 20/9/32; Gt Falls 2/10/43; Scott 22/10/43; Assigned 401BG Deenethorpe 8/11/43; transferred 532BS/381BG [VE-G] Ridgewell 21/11/43; Missing in Action 8m Frankfurt 11/2/44 with Bob Laux, Navigator: Phlemon Wright, Bombardier: Judson...

  • 42-31314 'Scorchy'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 19/10/43; Gr Island 1/11/43; Memphis 2/11/43; Assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-E] Molesworth 18/11/43; ex-Frankfurt 11/2/44, with Howard Dahleen, Co-pilot: Chas Rice, Navigator: Russ Klingensmith, Bombardier: Ray Gauthier, Flight engineer...

  • 42-37784 The Old Fox

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 27/8/43; Scott 29/9/43; Assigned 525BS/379BG [FR-P] Kimbolton 19/10/43; Missing in Action Berlin 24/5/44 with Wilton Gease (Prisoner of War); Co-pilot: Luciano Gastineau, Navigator: Bob Lorentz, Bombardier: Dick O’Neal, Flight engineer...

  • 42-37994

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 8/11/43; Orlando 22/11/43; 224 BU Sioux City 6/3/45; 332 BU Ardmore 20/4/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in USA) Walnut Ridge 25/9/45.

  • 42-39962

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 20/10/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-O] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44. Missing in Action Frankfurt 11 February 1944 with Pilot Seth G. Widener, Co-pilot: Harvey W. Reid, Navigator: Alfred L. Wickman, Bombardier: Leonard Garber, Radio...

  • 42-39993 Hells Angels Out Of Chute 13

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 26/10/43; Assigned 612BS/401BG [SC-C] Deenethorpe 1/1/44; 118m landing accident at base with Jim Nolan 7/5/45; sal 2 SAD Watton, Nfk 8/5/45. HELL’S ANGELS OUT OF CHUTE 13 aka GROSSLY INADEQUATE. ...

  • 42-40751 'Touch of Texas'

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24 Liberator #42-40751 later named 'Touch of Texas' 567th BS, 389th BG, 8th AF, flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid piloted by William J Denton, returning safely to Libya. ...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
07 February 2016 18:01:01 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 7-Feb 2016. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to the Frankfurt element statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
07 February 2016 17:58:38 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 7-Feb-2016. Added Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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