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8th Air Force 216

10 February 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

This mission is a despatch of two separate formations. One formation is a combined force of 169 B-17Fs from 3rd Bomb Division: 94BG; 95BG; 96BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG; 447BG; and 482BG despatched to bomb the industrial areas of Brunswick, Germany. German fighter resistance is fierce and fighter escort is hampered by weather and missed rendevous. Heavy bomber losses are horrendous with the equivalent of an entire Bomb Group lost. 143 aircraft are effective on the target, 2 of these on Targets of Opportunity. 29 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) 99KIA 190POW 2EVD. 52 aircraft are damaged. 2 airmen are KIA and 3 others WIA in returing aircraft. The bomber gunners claim 42-30-61 of attacking German aircraft but the totals are probably exaggerated.

The second formation is a combined force of 81 B-24s from 2nd Bomb Division: 93BG; 389BG; 445BG; 446BG; 448BG; and 453BG are despatched to bomb the German airfield at Glize-Rijen, Holland. Dense contrails and smoke hamper bombing and only 27 aircraft are effective on the target. No aircraft are lost to enemy action but 4 aircraft are Damaged Beyone Repair (DBR) - 26KIA 15RTD. 1 of these caught fire and exploded, 1 crashed due to ising on the wings, 1 was believed to have had a mid-air collision with a P-47; and the other sustained a mechanical failure as crashed on return. 26 airmen wer KIA and 14 WIA in returning aircraft. The bomber gunners of this formation made no claims on enemy aircraft.

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 4.97
Number of aircraft Sent 2
Number of aircraft Effective 2

2. Brunswick, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

The formations came under heavy German fighter resistance and some of the planned fighter escort were not able to perform the escort. As a result the formations incurred devestating losses.

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces...

  • 452nd Bomb Group

    452nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 452nd Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deopham Green, Norfolk, from January 1944. The air crews hit strategic sites in Germany but also supported the movement of ground forces across Europe after D-Day. On 6 June 1944 itself, the Group...

  • 482nd Bomb Group

    482nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 482nd Bomb Group was a Pathfinder Group, which using radar-equipped aircraft to support bombing missions until March 1944. Aircraft from this Group went ahead of other Bombers and sent information back about the best routes to take and the extent...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 350.10
Number of aircraft Sent 169
Number of aircraft Effective 141
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 29
Number of aircraft Damaged 52
Number of people Killed In Action 101
Number of people Wounded in Action 3
Number of people Evaded 2
Number of people Prisoners of War 190
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 42
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 30
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 61

3. GILZE-RIJEN (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Dense contrails and frost keep most from attacking.

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 446th Bomb Group

    446th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 446th Bomb Group, who came to be known as "the Bungay Buckaroos" after the name of their Suffolk base, flew B-24 Liberators on strategic, support and interdictory missions over Europe. The Group led the Eighth Air Force and 2nd Bomb Division on the...

  • 448th Bomb Group

    448th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 448th Bomb Group was a B-24 Liberator Group that flew out of Seething, Norfolk. The Group flew their first mission on the 22nd December 1943 and over the next eighteen months the air crews flew 262 missions over occupied Europe. These bombing...

  • 453rd Bomb Group

    453rd Bomb Group

    Group
    As well as strategic bombardment missions, the 453rd Bomb Group also ferried cargo on two occasions. They hauled petrol, blankets, and rations to France in September 1944 and dropped ammunition, food and medical supplies near Wesel during the airborne...

  • 93rd Bomb Group

    93rd Bomb Group

    Group
    93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 1-March-1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. On 15-May-1942 the Group moved to Ft. Myers, Florida to continue advanced flight training and also to fly anti-submarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; they...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 71.00
Number of aircraft Sent 81
Number of aircraft Effective 27
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 4
Number of people Killed In Action 26
Number of people Wounded in Action 14
Number of people Returned To Duty 15

Service

People

  • Roy Bass

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Top Turret Gunner Roy Bass was an original member of the Robert E. Fischer crew. As he had not filled his quota of 25 missions like the others, he stayed behind and flew with Pilot Sidney Balman on 42-30609 'Pistol Packin' Mama' for his 24th mission,...

  • Robert Blomberg

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 445th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed near Hardenburg, Holland on a mission to Gotha, GR on 24 Feb 1944 in B-24H #42-7567 'Wacky Donald'. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • George Calandros

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed near Recke-Langenakker on a mission to Brunswick on 10 February 1944 in B-17G #42-37971. The crew that survived the attack baled out before the a/c broke up in the air. Prisoner of War (POW). Honorably discharged 28...

  • Edwin Carmell

    Military | Colonel | Co-Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    Edwin Carmell served as a co-pilot with the 563rd Bomb Squadron of the 388th Bomb Group, flying missions out of Knettishall, England. Post war: Remained in USAF, serving in Korean and Vietnamese conflicts rising to the rank of Colonel.

  • Michael Croker

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed near in Steimbke, 10km East of Nienburg, North of Hannover, Germany, on a mission to Brunswick on 10 February 1944 in B-17F #42-30173 'Circe. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • Lewis Elwood

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Lewis Elwood was working on his parents' farm in Ohio in 1940. Enlisting in November 1942, he was sent overseas and was assigned to the 389th Bomb Group in England. He was Top Turret Gunner on B-24J #42-100046 'Patsy Ann' when it crashed shortly after...

  • Mario George

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    Retired from the USAF with the rank of Captain

  • Lawrence Goldstein

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Radio Operator | 388th Bomb Group
    Flew 25 missions--first day raid on Berlin--crew name 'Worry Wart'--on 25th mission, returned to base, last plane to land, chased to channel by Fw 190--shooting continously until we escaped. As RO was able to obtain position report from rescue not...

  • Donald Goucher

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed near Nordhorn, GR on a mission to Brunswick on 10 Feb 1944 in B-17F 42-30609 'Pistol Packin' Mama. ' Prisoner of War (POW).

  • Jackson Hardeman

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed in Steimbke, 10km East of Nienburg, North of Hannover, Germany on a mission to Brunswick on 10 Feb 1944 in B-17F #42-30173 'Circe'. Killed (FOD).

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Aircraft

  • 42-30173 'Georgeous Hussy' 'Circe' 'All American'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 22/4/43; Smoky Hill 29/4/43; Tinker 12/5/43; Lincoln 21/5/43; Dow Fd 24/5/43; Assigned 410BS/94BG Earls Colne 28/5/43 GORGEOUS HUSSY; transferred 412BS/95BG [QW-O] Framlingham 6/6/43 CIRCE; 335BS [OE-O/L] Horham 12/6/43; 20m, Missing...

  • 42-30609 Pistol Packin' Mama

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/6/43; Gr Isle 15/7/43; Dalhart 20/7/43; Rome 7/8/43; Presque Is 16/8/43; Assigned 335BS/95BG [OE-N] Horham 20/8/43; with L.G. Reno force landed RAF Hardwick, TG-Wilson wia 10/10/43. Flew 28 missions. Missing in Action Brunswick...

  • 42-31054 'Irish Luck'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 13/9/43; Assigned 412BS/95BG [QW-Q] Horham 7/10/43; 19m Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Clark Huddleston, Co-pilot: Jim Gholson, Navigator: Henry Levine, Bombardier: Earl McKenna, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Don...

  • 42-31115 Hells Belles

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 21/9/43; Gr Island 6/10/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 25/10/43; Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Jim Feeneynot found till 25/2/44, Radio Operator: Norman Kajut, Waist gunner: Marion Forbis,Tail gunner: Lou LeFevre (4...

  • 42-31658

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 6/12/43; Kearney 12/12/43; Romulus 17/12/43; Presque Is 19/12/43; Assigned 334BS/95BG [BG-G] Horham 26/12/43; 5m, Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Jim Kelly, Co-pilot: John Orr, Bombardier: Frank Gilbert, Flight engineer/top...

  • 42-31741 Thunderbolt/Hi Fever

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 12/12/43; Kearney 30/12/43; RAF Nutts Corner 14/1/44; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/1/44; Missing in Action Liege 25/5/44 with Capt Jim Zengerle, Co-pilot: Albt Millin, Navigator: Walt Travis, Bombardier: Capt Wayne Barnett,...

  • 42-3291 Miss Mac

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 30/4/43; Dow Fd 13/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 14/6/43; on training mission 12/7/44 with Major Boardman Reed, Co-pilot: Major Melvin Buckner, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Paul Weathers, Radio Operator: Ora Kelsey, pass...

  • 42-37971

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 1/11/43; Gr Island 12/11/43; Assigned 335BS/95BG [OE-W] Horham 1/12/43; 8m, Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Tony Tuberose, Co-pilot: Chas Kipka, Navigator: Melvin Spencer (spent only one night at Horham, never even unpacked...

  • 42-97447

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 17/11/43; Kearney 2/12/43; Bangor 9/12/43; Assigned 334BS/95BG [BG-E] Horham 15/12/43; 9m Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Henry Wilson, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Henry Kerestes, Radio Operator: Don Cowdery, Ball...

  • 42-100046 Patsy Ann

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24J "Patsy Ann" - Serial 42-100046 of 389th Bomb Group/565th Bomb Squadron crashed shortly after take-off on the 10 February 1944 mission to the Gilze-Rijen airfield in the Netherlands. The weather was very cold and misty and it is presumed that...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
06 February 2016 22:04:54 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Feb-2016. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to Brunswick element statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
06 February 2016 22:00:12 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Feb-2016. Added 2 B-17s attacking TOs to Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A, Freeman

Date Contributor Update
06 February 2016 21:57:23 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Feb-2016. Added Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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