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8th Air Force 214

8 February 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

1st Bomb Division: The railroad marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany are the primary target for a combined force of 120 B-17s from: 92BG; 303BG; 305BG; 306BG; 379BG; 382BG; and 482BG. 51 aircraft are effective on the target and another 39 attack Targets of Opportunity (TOs) in the Frankfurt area. 9 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 24KIA 37POW 1DIC 29EVD. 78 aircraft were damaged. 4 airmen aboard returning aircraft were WIA. Claims on enemy aircraft were bundled for 1st and 3rd Bomb Divisions and weree 1-3-0 of attacking German aircraft.

3rd Bomb Division: The railroad marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany were the primary target for 116 B-17s despatched from 3rd Bomb Division: 94BG; 96BG; 385BG; 388BG; 447BG; 452BG. 37 are effective at Frankfurt and another 68 bomb Targets of Opportunity in the Frankfurt area. 4 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 2KIA 24POW 12EVD. 1 aircraft is Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) when is crashed on take off - 10KIA. 1 airman is KIA in a returning aircraft.

2nd Bomb Division: V-Weapon sites near Siracourt and Watten, France are the primary targets of this mission. A combined force of 127 B-24s is desptached by 2nd Bomb Division: 44BG; 93BG; 392BG; 445BG; and 446BG. The attack is split between 2 elements: 53 of 54 aircraft are effective on the V-Weapon site at Siracourt, France. There are no aircraft losses or claims in this element, but 9 aircraft are damaged and 2 airmen are WIA in returning aircraft. The second element has 57 of 73 aircraft effective on the V-Weapon site at Watten, France. 32 aircraft are damaged and 3 airmen in returning aircraft are WIA. There are no other casualties or claims in this element.

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 97.03
Number of aircraft Sent 39
Number of aircraft Effective 39
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of people Killed In Action 6
Number of people Prisoners of War 3
Number of people Returned To Duty 1

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces...

  • 452nd Bomb Group

    452nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 452nd Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deopham Green, Norfolk, from January 1944. The air crews hit strategic sites in Germany but also supported the movement of ground forces across Europe after D-Day. On 6 June 1944 itself, the Group...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 169.18
Number of aircraft Sent 68
Number of aircraft Effective 68
Number of people Killed In Action 23
Number of people Evaded 12
Number of people Prisoners of War 24

3. Frankfurt, Germany

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Blind bombing techniques used. One of the Missing in Action (MIA)s is Lt. Col. Herbert O. Wangeman, CO of the 452nd Bomb Group. He is replaced that same day by Lt. Col. Robert

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 92.06
Number of aircraft Sent 48
Number of aircraft Effective 37
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 4
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 30

4. Frankfurt, Germany

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Lead aircraft for the wing from 92nd Bomb Group indicated it was turning back, and the rest of the group followed. The entire formation was attacked by enemy aircraft and 3 were lost. Group reformed and returned to base.

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 482nd Bomb Group

    482nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 482nd Bomb Group was a Pathfinder Group, which using radar-equipped aircraft to support bombing missions until March 1944. Aircraft from this Group went ahead of other Bombers and sent information back about the best routes to take and the extent...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 126.89
Number of aircraft Sent 81
Number of aircraft Effective 51
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 8
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 78
Number of people Killed In Action 18
Number of people Evaded 28
Number of people Prisoners of War 34
Number of people Died in Captivity 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 3

5. SIRACOURT (Primary)

Description

V-1 MISSILE SITES

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 2nd Bomb Division attacked to this target

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group to be given B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 model that was fitted with a nose turret on the production line, an adaptation...

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 446th Bomb Group

    446th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 446th Bomb Group, who came to be known as "the Bungay Buckaroos" after the name of their Suffolk base, flew B-24 Liberators on strategic, support and interdictory missions over Europe. The Group led the Eighth Air Force and 2nd Bomb Division on the...

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 93rd Bomb Group

    93rd Bomb Group

    Group
    93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 1-March-1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. On 15-May-1942 the Group moved to Ft. Myers, Florida to continue advanced flight training and also to fly anti-submarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; they...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 175.17
Number of aircraft Sent 54
Number of aircraft Effective 53
Number of aircraft Damaged 41

6. Watten, France

Description

V-1 MISSILE SITES

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

It has not been determined which Groups from 2nd Bomb Division attacked to this target

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 188.39
Number of aircraft Sent 73
Number of aircraft Effective 57

Service

People

  • Robert Abrams

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 452nd Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters on a mission to Erkner, Berlin on 8 Mar 1944 in B-17G #42-37954 'Hank from Dixie'. Killed in Action (KIA). PH

  • Donald Aikin

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 452nd Bomb Group
    On a mission to Frankfurt am Main on 8 Feb 1944 with two engines out and a third failing, B-17G #42-39940 'Dixie Jane' crashed near Laon, FR. The crew baled out prior to the crash. Evaded (EVD). Lt Aikin jumped at 4000 feet and landed near the village...

  • Carl Christensen

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Bombardier / L,R Waist Gunner, Nose Gunner / Togglier | 379th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 525BS, 379BG, 8AF USAAF. 25 x combat missions. Failed to Return (FTR) in 42-31083; A/C exploded mid-air near Downham Market, England. Killed in Action (KIA). Awards: AM, PH.

  • Richard Daniels

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier/Nose Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Richard Daniels was a Bombardier in the 306th Bomb Group/369th Bomb Squadron. Hit in the upper arm on a mission to Frankfurt am Main on 8 February 1944 in B-17G #42-31499. The Fortress was shot down by fighters and crashed near Macquenoise, Belgium....

  • Clarence Flinn

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few
    29 missions, December 1943 - May 1944 DFC/ Air Medal w/ 3 Oak Leaf Cluster

  • Wilton Fremaux

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Flight Engineer / Top Turret Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Wilton Fremaux enlisted on September 14, 1942. 26 missions; B-17 Flying Fortress; T/SGT; Flight Engineer; Top Turret Gunner. He was from Alexandria, Louisiana. He was stationed at Kimbolton, England with the 379th Bomber Group, 524th Bomb Squadron....

  • James Geary

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 384th Bomb Group
    Shot down and crashed near Cherbourg, FR on a mission to Frankfurt am Main on 8 Feb 1944 in B-17G #42-39784 'Cabin in the Sky. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Mario George

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    Retired from the USAF with the rank of Captain

  • Lawrence Goldstein

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Radio Operator | 388th Bomb Group
    Flew 25 missions--first day raid on Berlin--crew name 'Worry Wart'--on 25th mission, returned to base, last plane to land, chased to channel by Fw 190--shooting continously until we escaped. As RO was able to obtain position report from rescue not...

  • Wendell Hulcher

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group

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Aircraft

  • 41-24605 Knock-out Dropper

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-R] Bangor 22-Sep-42; Molesworth 22-Oct-42; First 8th Air Force aircraft to complete 50, then 75 missions- 27-Mar-44; with M/Sgt Buford Pafford as crew chief; 1 Base Air Depot, Burtonwood 5-Jun-44; Reconstruction Finance...

  • 42-30207 Big Red

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 11/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 12/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG [ -T] Knettishall 14/6/43; Missing in Action Bordeaux 27/3/44 with Julius Lederman, Co-pilot: Waite Law, Bombardier: John Luzell (3 Prisoner of War)...

  • 42-30212 Quarterback

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 14/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 16/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/6/43; transferred Aphrodite project, Missing in Action V-sites, Watten 6/8/44 with Lt Joeseph P Andrecheck & T/Sgt Raymond Healy (2...

  • 42-30595 'Gremlin Gus II' "Olin's 69'ers"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/6/43; Smoky Hill 13/7/43; Kearney 16/7/43; Dow Fd 19/7/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 20/7/43; (34m) transferred Aphrodite project as OLIN'S 69'ERS; when War Weary, fuselage cut down and vehicle windshield fitted before open...

  • 42-31085 Anita Marie / Mehitabel

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 16/9/43; Gr Island 1/10/43; Assigned 524BS/379BG [WA-D] Kimbolton 6/10/43; transferred 525BS [FR-D]; Missing in Action Leipzig 7/7/44 with John Riedman, Navigator: Dave Sarfaty, Radio Operator: Edmund Moreno, Ball turret gunner: Pete...

  • 42-31138 Winged Fury

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/9/43; Gr Island 7/10/43; Romulus 10/10/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 15/10/43; Missing in Action Augsburg 13/4/44 with Art Nelson, Co-pilot: Art Livermore, Navigator: Maurice White, Bombardier: Bill Matuszewski, Flight...

  • 42-37886 Blitzing Betsy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 2/10/43; Gr Island 21/10/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 25/10/43; Missing in Action Berlin 6/3/44 with Lowell Watts captured by civilians, Co-pilot: Bob Kennedy, Navigator: Emmett Murphy, Bombardier: Ed Kelley, Flight engineer...

  • 42-38013 "NEVADA AVENGER"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; New Castle 10/12/43; Presque Is 15/12/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-C] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44; sal battle damaged 27/4/44. NEVADA AVENGER. ...

  • 42-39977 Hard To Get

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 25/10/43; Walla Walla 9/11/43; Assigned 729BS/452BG Deopham Green 30/11/43; crashed on take off for Frankfurt 2/8/44, with Eno Compton, Co-pilot: Art Westrum, Navigator: Randall Toye, Bombardier: Bob Ettlinger, Flight engineer/top...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
04 February 2016 23:30:05 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Feb-2016. Added bomber gunner claims to 1BD Frankfurt element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
04 February 2016 23:21:51 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Feb-2016. Added 1BD and 3BD mission summaries to Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
04 February 2016 22:57:27 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Feb-2016. Added Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
26 November 2014 15:33:26 Lucy May Changes to event
Sources

Changed mission target from Watten in Scotland to Watten in France.

Date Contributor Update
26 November 2014 15:31:23 Lucy May Changes to event
Sources

Changed mission pin from Frankfurt in USA to Frankfurt in Germany.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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