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455

6 July 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 3 T

2. KIEL (Primary)

Description

HARBOUR INSTALLATION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

This is the first attack on Kiel since 22-May-44.

Units

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group to be given B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 model that was fitted with a nose turret on the production line, an adaptation...

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 458th Bomb Group

    458th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 458th Bomb Group (H) entered combat with the 8th Air Force in February 1944. Based at Horsham St. Faith in England, the combat crews participated in the decisive Campaigns 'Big Week', 'Big B', D-Day and the assault on Germany's oil industry waged...

  • 466th Bomb Group

    466th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 466th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Attlebridge, Norfolk, during the last year of the war in Europe. The Group flew 232 missions in the course of the year and celebrated the 100th one by inviting local people onto the base to mark the...

  • 467th Bomb Group

    467th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 467th Bomb Group, or the "Rackheath Aggies" as they came to be known, flew B-24 Liberators on missions from April 1944. Its air crews became known for their accuracy and the Group had the best overall standing for accuracy within the Eighth Air...

  • 489th Bomb Group

    489th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 489th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Halesworth, Suffolk, for several months from May 1944 until later in the year. The Group flew tactical missions in support of ground forces in northern France. It was in this tactical role that the crews...

  • 491st Bomb Group

    491st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 491st Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators in bombing missions over northern France and Germany from June 1944 until April 1945. Missions over Germany included bombing the headquarters of the German General Staff at Zossen. The Group was awarded a DUC...

  • 492nd Bomb Group

    492nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 492nd Bomb Group, after flying similar missions to other heavy bomb groups until the late summer of 1944, took up 'Carpetbagger' missions, transporting agents, supplies and propaganda leaflets to southern France. The Group was taking on the role of...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 658.7 T

3. PAS-DE-CALAIS (Primary)

Description

V-1 MISSILE SITES

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

18 V-Weapon sites are targeted.

457th BG - MISSION NO. 81 - BERTREVILLE ST. OUEN, FRANCE - 6 JULY, 1944

During the period of bad weather between 29 June and 5 July, the tempo of V-1s (pilotless aircraft bombs) falling on London increased markedly. It was deemed necessary to use American heavy bombers in large scale attacks on their French bases in order to alleviate the destruction. The RAF Bomber Command could send only 550 bombers against such bases. The Eighth Air Force dispatched 900 four-engined heavy bombers for this purpose in two operations.

The 457th Group was directed to supply thirty-six planes to comprise the entire 94th A Combat Wing and attack the supply site at Bertreville St. Ouen. This target was one of the eight identified sites providing pilotless aircraft components to the various launching sites in the Dunkerque/Rouen area. The small French hamlet in which it was located was situated about eight miles south of Dieppe.

Lt. Colonel Hoffman was Commander, with Captain Clarence E. Schuchmann as pilot. Captain Lady and Lt. Johnston led the low A and high A boxes.

The English Coast was crossed and over the Channel the three boxes took bombing intervals, entering France midway between Dieppe and Fecamp. Two engines went out on Lt. Morris H. Shuff's plane, lead of the high squadron in the high box. He left the formation and was followed by his two wing men. They dropped their bombs on the coastal airport of St. Valery-en-Caux and returned home.

At the IP, there were no clouds and visibility extended thirty miles. The target was extremely difficult to locate as the few houses with their orchards and village crossroads were similar to dozens of others in the same area. The lead box dropped bombs with poor results.

457th BG - MISSION NO. 82 - RENNESCURE, FRANCE - 6 JULY, 1944

The second operation of the day found the 457th returning to the No Ball Coast with 268 other Eighth Air Force Bombers. Again the target was one of the eight known supply sites. It was located at the village ofRennescure on the St. Omer-Hazebroock railway five miles east of St. Omer. The 457th was the third of three distinct 12-plane forces of the 94th Wing dispatched on this target.

There was a late afternoon takeoff. Captain Mark R. Belcher was Commander of the formation and Lt. Brackley was pilot. The cloud conditions were unchanged from those existing on the morning mission. The target had just been hit by the A and B forces earlier in the day and was partially covered with smoke. In spite of this hindrance, the bombs hit squarely on the supply site from 25,000 feet. There was a meager amount of flak, causing no damage, and no enemy fighter opposition was encountered.

The low and high boxes were positioned to the left of the target. They attempted a bomb run, but the distance was too short. A 360 degree turn was then made. Both boxes dropped on the same target with fair results. Enemy air and ground opposition were nil .

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division
  • 3rd Bomb Division
  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 1785.5 T

4. PAS-DE-CALAIS (Primary)

Description

V-1 MISSILE SITES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 93rd Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 446th Bomb Group, 448th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group

Units

Mission Statistics

Service

People

  • George Boozer

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 388th Bomb Group
    The person with this name and birth/death dates buring at Fort Bliss National Cemetery is listed as "Master Sergeant - US Army" on his headstone. Boozer is wearing Captain's bars in his photo. This birth and death date may well be for the wrong ...

  • Patrick Brabant

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 359BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. After mission to V-weapons site at Beaumetz, France on 6 July 1944, landed at Molesworth in B-17G 42-97272, 'Duchess Daughter', where upon the CP raised the landing gear on roll out. RTD ETD. ...

  • Robert Collins

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Navigator; Statistics | 490th Bomb Group
    AWARDS: ...

  • Lewis Funk

    Military | Master Sergeant | Photographic Chief | 34th Bomb Group
    Lew was born in Wattenberg, Colorado, on Jan 30, 1921, to John and Alta Funk. An Eagle Scout who served in the National Guard at Fort Logan, he attended photo school for the Army at Lowry Air Force base. He achieved the rank of Master Sergeant as the...

  • Raymond Harman

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Flight Engineer; Top Turret Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW). Shot down by flak and crashed near Corne on 7/19/44 in B-17 44-6129

  • Robert Kaufman

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 457th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 750BS, 457BG, 8AF USAAF. Survived ditching in B-17G 42-38063 'GI Virgin'.

  • William Lenco

    Military | Captain | Co-Pilot | 466th Bomb Group
    MACR 7381. B-24 AC # 41-29387 'THE SNARK'. AC put through violent actions to avoid flak on mission on 8 Aug 1944. 4 crewman bailed out and were captured. Remaining crew returned to England, but forced to crash land at Manston. RTD.

  • Ralph Maier

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 446th Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) Shot down by flak and crashed at Wenden on 8/24/44 in B-24 Pistol Packin Bomma II #4251278. On his 24th mission, 1/Lt Ralph Maier was flying Deputy Lead of the 446th BG. When the lead B-24's bombsight malfunctioned, he became the...

  • William McKeon

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 401st Bomb Group
    Shot down by flak and crashed near Corne in B-17 3446129 on 19 July 1944 and Evaded

  • Kenneth Murgatroyd

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 401st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 613BS, 401BG, 8AF USAAF. 12 x combat missions. Shot down 20-Jul-44 in B-17 42-31037 'Pistol Packin' Mama'. Prisoner of War (POW). Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

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Aircraft

  • 42-102589

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 17/3/44; Gr Island 6/4/44; Dow Fd 28/4/44; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 30/4/44; On a local flight 9/7/44 with Doug McArthur, Co-pilot: Stamos Zades, Navigator: George Mille, Bombardier: Chas meyer, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-38013 "NEVADA AVENGER"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; New Castle 10/12/43; Presque Is 15/12/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-C] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44; sal battle damaged 27/4/44. NEVADA AVENGER. ...

  • 42-97105 Paper Doll

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Selfridge Fld 3/2/44; Dorval 4/3/44; Assigned RAF [HB-768]; transferred 561BS/388BG Knettishall 13/3/44; Missing in Action Parchim 7/4/45 with Lew Hickman, Arnold Wolf, Cawthorn Perdue, Albt Vawter, Herman Meyer (5 Prisoner of War); John...

  • 42-97272 'Duchess Daughter'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 13/2/44; Dalhart 2/3/44; Grenier 26/3/44; Assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-T] Molesworth 9/4/44; on return from Beaumetz-les-Aire, France V-weaponsite with Patrick Brabant, Co-pilot: Ira Judy, Navigator: Phil Heatherly, tog-Ralphe Wolfe,...

  • 42-95021 San Antonio Rose

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-94952 Shack Rat

    B-24 Liberator
    Crash-landed and caught fire at Clastres, France, 22 Sep 44, while on loan to 458th BG for truckin' operations.

  • 41-51121 Niagara Special

    B-24 Liberator

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
03 June 2015 12:54:21 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:07 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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