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8th Air Force 206

3 February 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

The port area and Naval facilities at Wilhelmshaven, Germany was the primary target for this mission. 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Bomb Divisions all participated.

1st Bomb Division: A combined force of 348 B-17s were despatched from: 91BG; 92BG; 303BG; 305BG; 306BG; 351BG; 379BG; 381BG; 401BG; and 428BG to bomb that naval facilities at Wilhelmshven, Germany. 306 were effective on the target with 1 bombing on Oldenberg, German as a Target of Opportunity. 305BG/422BS also dropped 1,800,000 leaflets. 2 aircraft Failed to Return - 13KIA 7POW. 27 aircraft returned with battle damage. 7 airmen in returning aircraft were WIA. The bomber gunners claimed 0-1-0 of attacking German aircraft.

2nd Bomb Division: A combined force of 193 B-24s were despatched but 140 of these were not able to bomb the primary because of cloud cover and were recalled before reaching the enemy coast. 53 others managed to penetrate as far as Holland and had changed their target to Emden, Germany, but these also aborted the mission over the Zuider Zee. 1 aircraft was destroyed in a crash upon return when it stalled on approach. 9KOM 1RTD. There were no other casualties or claims on enemy aircraft.

3rd Bomb Division: A combined force of 323 B-17s were despatched from: 94BG; 95BG; 96BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG; and 447BG to bomb the naval facilitied at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. 247 aircraft were effective on the target. The lead Combat Wing of this element turned to sharply at the Initial Point (IP) and 53 aircraft bombed the industrial areas of Emden Germany as a Target of Opportunity. 2 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 20KIA. 20 aircraft returned with battle damage. 2 airmen were KIA and 2 were WIA in returning aircraft. There were no other casualties and no claims were made on enemy aircraft.

Mission details

1.

Description

1,800,000 LEAFLETS DROPPED

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Dropped by aircraft from 1st Bomb Division.

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 5
Number of aircraft Effective 5

2. EMDEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

53 aircraft of the lead Combat Wing assigned to attack Wilhelmshaven as the primary turned too sharply at the Initial Point (IP) due to a Pathfinder (PFF) and navigational error, so bombed Emden as a Target of Opportunity.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 184.23
Number of aircraft Sent 53
Number of aircraft Effective 53

3. Emden, Germany

Description

PORT AREA

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Only 53 of 193 B24s despatched manage to assemble and these abort the mission over the Zuider Zee because of clouds. 44th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group abandoned this mission because their Pathfinder (PFF) guide aircraft failed to take-off.

Units

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 448th Bomb Group

    448th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 448th Bomb Group was a B-24 Liberator Group that flew out of Seething, Norfolk. The Group flew their first mission on the 22nd December 1943 and over the next eighteen months the air crews flew 262 missions over occupied Europe. These bombing...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 0.00
Number of aircraft Sent 53
Number of aircraft Effective 0
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of people Killed In Action 9
Number of people Returned To Duty 1

4. OLDENBURG (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 1.36
Number of aircraft Sent 1
Number of aircraft Effective 1

5. WILHELMSHAVEN (Primary)

Description

PORT AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 812.14
Number of aircraft Sent 267
Number of aircraft Effective 247
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of people Killed In Action 22
Number of people Wounded in Action 2

6. WILHELMSHAVEN (Primary)

Description

PORT AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 401st Bomb Group

    401st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 401st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire, from November 1943 to June 1945. Starting their missions at that time meant the focus was very much on the coming invasion attempt of France planned for the following...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 417.09
Number of aircraft Sent 342
Number of aircraft Effective 306
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of aircraft Damaged 27
Number of people Killed In Action 13
Number of people Wounded in Action 7
Number of people Prisoners of War 7
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 1

Service

People

  • Kenneth Betts

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 388th Bomb Group
    Shot down in a frontal attack by fighters on the return from a mission to Klein Machnow, Berlin on 6 Mar 1944, B-17G #42-31135 'Suzy Sagtitz' crashed near Schoonebekerveld, Holland. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Harold Brassfield

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Tail Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    On the return from a mission to Klein Machnow, Berlin on 6 Mar 1944, B-17G #42-37886 'Blitzing' Betsy' was severely damaged by attacks from several FW190s causing it to collide with another 388th B-17, exploding in mid-air and crashing near Emmen,...

  • Donald Collins

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Military Occupation Specialty 612, Ball Turret Gunner | 384th Bomb Group
    Flew 12 missions with Crew #41 November 1943-April, 1944. Planes flown include 'Our Baby' returned to base with over 200 holes. Fell from the ball turret without a parachute over the Channel on an operational mission, 3 Feb 1944 in B-17 42-31495, ...

  • Richard Conant

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Airplane Mechanic Gunner 748 - Waist Gunner | 447th Bomb Group

  • Wilton Fremaux

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Flight Engineer / Top Turret Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Wilton Fremaux enlisted on September 14, 1942. 26 missions; B-17 Flying Fortress; T/SGT; Flight Engineer; Top Turret Gunner. He was from Alexandria, Louisiana. He was stationed at Kimbolton, England with the 379th Bomber Group, 524th Bomb Squadron....

  • Mario George

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    Retired from the USAF with the rank of Captain

  • Arthur Gibbons

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 100th Bomb Group

  • Lawrence Goldstein

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Radio Operator | 388th Bomb Group
    Flew 25 missions--first day raid on Berlin--crew name 'Worry Wart'--on 25th mission, returned to base, last plane to land, chased to channel by Fw 190--shooting continously until we escaped. As RO was able to obtain position report from rescue not...

  • William Hennigan

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Flew 30 missions within the 365th bomb squadron between october 1943 and may 1944.

  • William Henry

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | B 17 gunner waist, Ball, top/flight engineer | 390th Bomb Group
    Crew Number 8

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Aircraft

  • 41-24605 Knock-out Dropper

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-R] Bangor 22-Sep-42; Molesworth 22-Oct-42; First 8th Air Force aircraft to complete 50, then 75 missions- 27-Mar-44; with M/Sgt Buford Pafford as crew chief; 1 Base Air Depot, Burtonwood 5-Jun-44; Reconstruction Finance...

  • 42-30207 Big Red

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 11/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 12/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG [ -T] Knettishall 14/6/43; Missing in Action Bordeaux 27/3/44 with Julius Lederman, Co-pilot: Waite Law, Bombardier: John Luzell (3 Prisoner of War)...

  • 42-30212 Quarterback

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 14/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 16/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/6/43; transferred Aphrodite project, Missing in Action V-sites, Watten 6/8/44 with Lt Joeseph P Andrecheck & T/Sgt Raymond Healy (2...

  • 42-30778 Old 66/Lady Margaret

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/7/43; Gore 6/8/43; Pendleton 12/8/43; Reno 14/8/43; Pierre 16/8/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 3/9/43; crashed on take off for France 13/8/44 with Leon Sutton, Co-pilot: Harlan Thompson, Navigator: George Healy, Bombardier:...

  • 42-31083 Tenny Belle

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 15/9/43; ...

  • 42-31138 Winged Fury

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/9/43; Gr Island 7/10/43; Romulus 10/10/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 15/10/43; Missing in Action Augsburg 13/4/44 with Art Nelson, Co-pilot: Art Livermore, Navigator: Maurice White, Bombardier: Bill Matuszewski, Flight...

  • 42-31222 Lazy Daisy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 4/10/43; Gr Island 17/10/43; Memphis 24/10/43; Assigned 545BS/384BG [JD-D] Grafton Underwood 546 [BK-D] 23/11/43; Missing in Action Magdeburg (Berlin) 28/9/44 with Jim Brodie, Co-pilot: Lloyd Vevle, ng-Byron Atkins, Flight engineer/top...

  • 42-3291 Miss Mac

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 30/4/43; Dow Fd 13/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 14/6/43; on training mission 12/7/44 with Major Boardman Reed, Co-pilot: Major Melvin Buckner, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Paul Weathers, Radio Operator: Ora Kelsey, pass...

  • 42-37886 Blitzing Betsy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 2/10/43; Gr Island 21/10/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 25/10/43; Missing in Action Berlin 6/3/44 with Lowell Watts captured by civilians, Co-pilot: Bob Kennedy, Navigator: Emmett Murphy, Bombardier: Ed Kelley, Flight engineer...

  • 42-37994

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 8/11/43; Orlando 22/11/43; 224 BU Sioux City 6/3/45; 332 BU Ardmore 20/4/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in USA) Walnut Ridge 25/9/45.

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
26 January 2016 18:10:49 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 26-Jan-2016. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to 1BD attack on Wilhelmshaven per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
26 January 2016 18:07:27 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 26-Jan-2016. Corrected statsitics of 3BD attack on Emden per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
26 January 2016 18:05:00 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 26-Jan-2016. Added Detailed Mission Despcription based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman

Date Contributor Update
28 May 2015 09:57:11 jdossetter Changes to event
Sources

http://www.8thafhs.com/maps.php?lat=53.359&lon=7.21002&target_name=EMDEN...

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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