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8th Air Force 200

30 January 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

This mission has the aviation industry at Brunswick, Germany as the primary target. The mission is composed of a combined force pf 777 heavy bomber aircraft despatched in three elements: 1st Bomb Division; 2nd Bomb Division and 3rd Bomb Division. The bomber gunner claims of all Bomb Divisions, 51-7-27, were combined in the source data and are reflected in the statistics of the 1BD element. Mission summary as follows:

1st Bomb Division: The element is composed of a combined force of 349 B-17s despatched from: 91BG; 92BG; 303BG; 305BG; 306BG; 351BG; 379BG; 381BG; 384BG; 401BG; and 482BG. 331 aircraft are effective on this target and 2 bombed nearby Targets of Opportunity. Fighter opposition and anti-aircraft batteries provide heavy opposition. 15 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 74KIA 76POW. 3 aircraft with battle damage made crashlandings in England - 6POW 24RTD. In addition, 1 airman was KIA and 14 were WIA in returning aircraft. 95 aircraft sustain battle damage. Combined bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft from all Air Divisions were 51-7-27.

3rd Bomb Division: This element is composed of a combined force of 274 B-17s despatched from: 94BG; 95BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG; and 447BG. 3 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) -11KIA 19POW. 1 aircraft with battle damage made a belly landing at Honington, UK as was declared Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) - 10RTD. 9 other aircraft sustained battle damage. In addition, 1 airman aboard a retutning aircraft was KIA.

2nd Bomb Division: This element was composed of a combined force of 154 B-24s despatched from: 93BG; 389BG; 392BG; 445BG; 446BG; and 448BG. Brunswick, Germany was the primary target, but cloud cover, heavy smoke and contrails forced the formations to attack Hannover and nearby Targets of Opportunity. 104 were effective on Hannover and 39 on TOs. 2 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR)- 12KIA 8POW. 11 aircraft sustained battle damage. In addition 2 airmen were KIA aboard returning aircraft.

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

39 B-24s bomb other targets of opportunity around Hannover, Germany

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 91.88
Number of aircraft Sent 39
Number of aircraft Effective 39

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

2 B-17s of 1st Bomb Division bombed Targets of Opportunity.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 4.71
Number of aircraft Sent 2
Number of aircraft Effective 2

3. Brunswick, Germany

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORIES

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Aircraft factories at Braunsweig, Germany were the primary targets but cloud cover prevents visual bombing. The city was bombed instead

Mission Statistics

4. Brunswick, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

274 B-17s of 3rd Bomb Division attack industrial areas in and around Brunswick, Germany. 2 aircraft attack Targets of Opportunity (TO).

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 626.70
Number of aircraft Sent 274
Number of aircraft Effective 266
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 3
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 9
Number of people Killed In Action 12
Number of people Prisoners of War 19
Number of people Returned To Duty 10

5. Brunswick, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

349 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division attack the aviation industries at Brunswick, Germany.

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 401st Bomb Group

    401st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 401st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire, from November 1943 to June 1945. Starting their missions at that time meant the focus was very much on the coming invasion attempt of France planned for the following...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 779.84
Number of aircraft Sent 349
Number of aircraft Effective 331
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 15
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 3
Number of aircraft Damaged 95
Number of people Killed In Action 75
Number of people Wounded in Action 14
Number of people Prisoners of War 76
Number of people Returned To Duty 27
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 51
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 7
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 27

6. HANNOVER (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Aircraft factories at Braunsweig were the primary but dense smoke and contrails from B-17 attack prevents visual bombing. Hannover is struck as a Target of Opportunity.

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group to be given B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 model that was fitted with a nose turret on the production line, an adaptation...

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 446th Bomb Group

    446th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 446th Bomb Group, who came to be known as "the Bungay Buckaroos" after the name of their Suffolk base, flew B-24 Liberators on strategic, support and interdictory missions over Europe. The Group led the Eighth Air Force and 2nd Bomb Division on the...

  • 448th Bomb Group

    448th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 448th Bomb Group was a B-24 Liberator Group that flew out of Seething, Norfolk. The Group flew their first mission on the 22nd December 1943 and over the next eighteen months the air crews flew 262 missions over occupied Europe. These bombing...

  • 93rd Bomb Group

    93rd Bomb Group

    Group
    93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 1-March-1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. On 15-May-1942 the Group moved to Ft. Myers, Florida to continue advanced flight training and also to fly anti-submarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; they...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 245.02
Number of aircraft Sent 115
Number of aircraft Effective 104
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of aircraft Damaged 11
Number of people Killed In Action 14
Number of people Prisoners of War 8

Service

People

  • Robert Anderson

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 381st Bomb Group
    Navigator, Steele crew. 381st BG, 533rd BS, 8th AF. Shot down by FW 190s on return from mission #62 to the marshalling yards at Brunswick, Germany on 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-29761 'Martha II'. MACR 2244. He had glass in is eyes from the exploding nose...

  • Carl Baer

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 381st Bomb Group
    Pilot, Baer crew, 381st BG, 535th BS, 8th AF. Forced to ditch in the North Sea on mission #62 to Brunswick, Germany on 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-30029 'Chap's Flying Circus'. MACR 2495. Lt Baer radioed that they were running out of fuel and may not make...

  • David Barer

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 381st Bomb Group
    Navigator. Deering crew. 381st BG, 533rd BS, 8th AF. Shot down by fighters on mission #62 to Brunswick, Germany on 30 Jan 1944 in B-17G #42-31047 'Wolverine'. MACR 2243. Lt Barer could not bail out due to a stuck escape hatch and the aircraft exploded....

  • Clifford Barker

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | Left Waist Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    Barker, a native of Yorktown, Ind., was a burly 6-foot-2 inch forward on the 1948 Kentucky team that finished the season with a 36-3 record, the national title and the nickname of the Fabulous Five. The other starters were Wallace (Wah Wah) Jones at...

  • Everett Bartholomew

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Engineer/Top Turret Gunner | 384th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters on a mission to Brunswick, 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-5444 JD-N, '"We Dood It". Prisoner of War (POW). ...

  • Perry Beach

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner; Flight Engineer | 381st Bomb Group
    ETTG, Steele crew. 381st BG, 533rd BS, 8th AF. Shot down by FW-190's on return from mission #62 to Brunswick, Germany on 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-29761 'Martha II'. MACR 2244. S/Sgt Beach was wounded in the aircraft so Sgt Eason (radio operator) manned...

  • J Bishop

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 384th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters on a mission to Brunswick, 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-5444 JD-N, 'We Dood It". Killed in Action (KIA).

  • Harold Brassfield

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Tail Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    On the return from a mission to Klein Machnow, Berlin on 6 Mar 1944, B-17G #42-37886 'Blitzing' Betsy' was severely damaged by attacks from several FW190s causing it to collide with another 388th B-17, exploding in mid-air and crashing near Emmen,...

  • Edgar Burton

    Military | Lieutenant | Navigator | 446th Bomb Group
    Flew 25 missions, ending just before D-Day. Flew on D Day just to see it. According to him, he never saw a German fighter but did see lots of flak.

  • Arthur Canziani

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 384th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters on a mission to Brunswick, 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-5444 "We Dood It". Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 2263 Final Resting Place or Memorial: Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, Saint Louis, Missouri

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Aircraft

  • 42-29739 'Wolf Pack' 'The Village Flirt'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/2/43; Rapid City 22/2/43; Kearney 12/3/43; Assigned 412BS/95BG [QW-P] Alconbury 15/4/43; Framlingham 12/5/43; Horham 15/6/43; 2m, transferred 369BS/306BG [WW-F] Thurleigh 4/8/43 WOLF PACK; 323BS/91BG [OR-M] Bassingbourn 11/9/43...

  • 42-29761 Martha II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 15/2/43; Walker 27/2/43; Salina 10/3/43; Presque Is 8/4/43; Assigned 338BS/96BG Grafton Underwood 17/4/43 RUTH L II (re-named LUCKY LADY); transferred 533BS/381BG [VP-W] Ridgewell 14/7/43; Missing in Action 28m Brunswick 30/1/44 with...

  • 42-30029 Chap's Flying Circus

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 1/4/43; Pueblo 8/4/43; Smoky Hill 11/5/43; Dow Fd 21/5/43; Assigned 535BS/381BG [MS-P] Ridgewell 29/5/43 with Frank Chapman, Dick Robinson, Bill Hodge, Wilson Cupp, Otha Frost, Edwin Myers, Ed Pope, John Wardell, Bill Richardson, Bob...

  • 42-30212 Quarterback

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 14/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 16/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/6/43; transferred Aphrodite project, Missing in Action V-sites, Watten 6/8/44 with Lt Joeseph P Andrecheck & T/Sgt Raymond Healy (2...

  • 42-31047 Little Duchess, Wolverine

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/9/43; Scott 28/9/43; Assigned 535BS/381BG Ridgewell 20/10/43; Missing in Action 19m Brunswick 30/1/44 with Bob Deering, Navigator: Dave Barer, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Wardell Horne, Radio Operator: Andy Richards, Ball...

  • 42-31083 Tenny Belle

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 15/9/43; ...

  • 42-31115 Hells Belles

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 21/9/43; Gr Island 6/10/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 25/10/43; Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Jim Feeneynot found till 25/2/44, Radio Operator: Norman Kajut, Waist gunner: Marion Forbis,Tail gunner: Lou LeFevre (4...

  • 42-31138 Winged Fury

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/9/43; Gr Island 7/10/43; Romulus 10/10/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 15/10/43; Missing in Action Augsburg 13/4/44 with Art Nelson, Co-pilot: Art Livermore, Navigator: Maurice White, Bombardier: Bill Matuszewski, Flight...

  • 42-31180

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 28/9/43; Gr Island 18/10/43; Nashville 24/10/43; Assigned 407BS/92BG PY-U] Podington 23/11/43; Missing in Action Schweinfurt 24/2/44 with Bob Clayton*, Co-pilot: Leon Cavender*, Navigator: John Galbraith*, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-31222 Lazy Daisy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 4/10/43; Gr Island 17/10/43; Memphis 24/10/43; Assigned 545BS/384BG [JD-D] Grafton Underwood 546 [BK-D] 23/11/43; Missing in Action Magdeburg (Berlin) 28/9/44 with Jim Brodie, Co-pilot: Lloyd Vevle, ng-Byron Atkins, Flight engineer/top...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 January 2016 21:19:28 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 17-Jan-2016 Corrected statistics for 2BD element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
17 January 2016 21:17:07 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 17-Jan-2016 Corrected statistics of 1BD element and added bomber gunner claims for ALL Air Divisions per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
17 January 2016 21:11:31 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 17-Jan-2016 Corrected statistics for 3BD element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
17 January 2016 20:59:55 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 17-Jan-2016. This event is erroneous, but couldn't be deleted.

Date Contributor Update
17 January 2016 20:58:34 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 17-Jan-2016. Correcting typo in Mission Description.

Date Contributor Update
17 January 2016 20:42:40 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 17-Jan-2016. Added Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman; casualties based on MACR documentation and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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