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8th Air Force 198

29 January 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

The primary target for this mission was the railroad marshalling yards and industrial areas of Frankfurt, Germany. A combined force of 863 heavy bombers were despatched in three elements to make the attack. The combined bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft were 75-27-48 and are listed under 3BD totals. Mission Summary as follows:

3rd Bomb Division: A combined force 309 B-17s are despatched from: 94BG; 95BG; 96BG, 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG and 447BG. 291 are effective on the target. One formation in this element bombed at Ludwigshaven, Germany, due to an error in navigation with the loss of 11 aircraft because it lacked the fighter protection assigned to the main force. One group also failed to see the PFF flares and dropped 11 minutes late. 11 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 48KIA 51POW 11EVD. 1 aircraft crashed on take-off - 7KOM 3 INJ. 1 aircraft was originally thought to be Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) but it was eventually repaired 2KIA 8RTD. 34 aircraft were damaged. 6 airmen were WIA aboard returning aircraft.

1st Bomb Division: A combined force of 366 B-17s are despatched from: 91BG; 92BG; 303BG; 305BG; 306BG; 351BG; 379BG; 381BG; 401BG and 482BG. The contingent from 482BG (5 aircraft) dropped 2,600,000 leaflets on Frankfurt. 345 aircraft were effective on the target. 13 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 56KIA 59POW 15EVD. 1 Aircraft with battle damage crash landed at Bredgar, UK and listed as Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) - 1KIA 9RTD. 82 aircraft were damaged. 4 other airmen were KIA and 12 were WIA aboard returning aircraft.

2nd Bomb Division: A combined force of 188 B-24s were despatched from: 44BG; 93BG; 389BG; 392BG; 445BG; 446BG; and 448BG. 170 aircraft were effective on the target. 5 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) 23KIA 21POW 6EVD. 1 battle damaged aircraft crashlanded at RAF Detling and was listed as Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) - 10RTD. 2 other aircraft sustained a mid-air collision with eachother during assembly - 17KOM 4RTD. 19 aircraft were damaged. 6 airmen were KIA and 14WIA aboard returning aircraft.

Mission details

1. Frankfurt, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

This is the 3rd Bomb Division complement despatched to attack Frankfurt, Germany

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 447th Bomb Group

    447th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 447th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses on strategic bombardment missions out of Rattlesden, Suffolk. With their first mission coming on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1943, their main focus was hitting sites that would weaken enemy forces...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 576.24
Number of aircraft Sent 309
Number of aircraft Effective 291
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 11
Number of aircraft Damaged 34
Number of people Killed In Action 57
Number of people Wounded in Action 6
Number of people Evaded 11
Number of people Prisoners of War 51
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 75
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 27
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 48

2. Frankfurt, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

This is the 1st Bomb Division complement despatched to attack Frankfurt, Germany. This is the first 8th Air Force mission to dispatch more than 800 aircraft.

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 482nd Bomb Group

    482nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 482nd Bomb Group was a Pathfinder Group, which using radar-equipped aircraft to support bombing missions until March 1944. Aircraft from this Group went ahead of other Bombers and sent information back about the best routes to take and the extent...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 811.44
Number of aircraft Sent 366
Number of aircraft Effective 345
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 13
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 82
Number of people Killed In Action 57
Number of people Wounded in Action 12
Number of people Evaded 15
Number of people Prisoners of War 59
Number of people Returned To Duty 9

3. Frankfurt, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group to be given B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 model that was fitted with a nose turret on the production line, an adaptation...

  • 445th Bomb Group

    445th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 445th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Tibenham, Norfolk. The crews' first mission was bombing U-boat installations at Kiel on 13 December 1943. The Group continued to hit strategic targets in Germany, including the aircraft components factory...

  • 448th Bomb Group

    448th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 448th Bomb Group was a B-24 Liberator Group that flew out of Seething, Norfolk. The Group flew their first mission on the 22nd December 1943 and over the next eighteen months the air crews flew 262 missions over occupied Europe. These bombing...

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 93rd Bomb Group

    93rd Bomb Group

    Group
    93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 1-March-1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. On 15-May-1942 the Group moved to Ft. Myers, Florida to continue advanced flight training and also to fly anti-submarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; they...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 388.84
Number of aircraft Sent 188
Number of aircraft Effective 170
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 5
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 3
Number of aircraft Damaged 19
Number of people Killed In Action 40
Number of people Wounded in Action 14
Number of people Evaded 6
Number of people Prisoners of War 21
Number of people Returned To Duty 14

4. LUDWIGSHAFEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 385th Bomb Group

    385th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 385th Bomb Group, who took the nickname "Van's Valiants" after their first Commanding Officer Col. Elliot Vandevanter, flew B-17s from Great Ashfield, Suffolk. The Group led the famous attack on the Focke-Wolfe aircraft factory at Marienburg on 9...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 108.19
Number of aircraft Sent 46
Number of aircraft Effective 46
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 11
Number of people Killed In Action 48
Number of people Prisoners of War 51
Number of people Returned To Duty 11

Service

People

  • Robert Anderson

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 381st Bomb Group
    Navigator, Steele crew. 381st BG, 533rd BS, 8th AF. Shot down by FW 190s on return from mission #62 to the marshalling yards at Brunswick, Germany on 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-29761 'Martha II'. MACR 2244. He had glass in is eyes from the exploding nose...

  • Arthur Aull

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 446th Bomb Group

  • George Ayers

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    BTG, Mickow crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down by fighters on mission #61 to Frankfurt, Germany on 29 Jan 1944 in B-17G #42-37884. MACR 2241. Killed in Action (KIA). Groves, TX

  • Clifford Barker

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | Left Waist Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    Barker, a native of Yorktown, Ind., was a burly 6-foot-2 inch forward on the 1948 Kentucky team that finished the season with a 36-3 record, the national title and the nickname of the Fabulous Five. The other starters were Wallace (Wah Wah) Jones at...

  • Perry Beach

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner; Flight Engineer | 381st Bomb Group
    ETTG, Steele crew. 381st BG, 533rd BS, 8th AF. Shot down by FW-190's on return from mission #62 to Brunswick, Germany on 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-29761 'Martha II'. MACR 2244. S/Sgt Beach was wounded in the aircraft so Sgt Eason (radio operator) manned...

  • Robert Berg

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    RWG, Mohnacky crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down by fighters on mission #61 to the industrial areas of Frankfurt, Germany on 29 Jan 1944 in B-17G #42-38045. MACR 2242. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft IV. ...

  • Robert Blomberg

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 445th Bomb Group
    Shot down by fighters and crashed near Hardenburg, Holland on a mission to Gotha, GR on 24 Feb 1944 in B-24H #42-7567 'Wacky Donald'. Killed in Action (KIA).

  • Harold Brassfield

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Tail Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    On the return from a mission to Klein Machnow, Berlin on 6 Mar 1944, B-17G #42-37886 'Blitzing' Betsy' was severely damaged by attacks from several FW190s causing it to collide with another 388th B-17, exploding in mid-air and crashing near Emmen,...

  • Robert Brown

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 96th Bomb Group
    On mission to Frankfurt on 29 Jan 1944, B-17G #42-31436 collided with another B-17 (#41-31151 of 96th BG/337th BS) and crashed near Monthermé, France. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Edgar Burton

    Military | Lieutenant | Navigator | 446th Bomb Group
    Flew 25 missions, ending just before D-Day. Flew on D Day just to see it. According to him, he never saw a German fighter but did see lots of flak.

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Aircraft

  • 42-30207 Big Red

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 11/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 12/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG [ -T] Knettishall 14/6/43; Missing in Action Bordeaux 27/3/44 with Julius Lederman, Co-pilot: Waite Law, Bombardier: John Luzell (3 Prisoner of War)...

  • 42-30212 Quarterback

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 14/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 16/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/6/43; transferred Aphrodite project, Missing in Action V-sites, Watten 6/8/44 with Lt Joeseph P Andrecheck & T/Sgt Raymond Healy (2...

  • 42-30226 'Spook V'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 30/4/43; Gore 14/5/43; Kearney 27/5/43; Tinker 1/6/43; Dow Fd 6/6/43; Assigned 336BS/95BG [ET-L] Horham 15/6/43; 36m, Missing in Action Frankfurt 29/1/44 with Jim Higgins, Navigator: Don Gallagher, Bombardier: Vern Archibald, Flight...

  • 42-30354 Hustlin' Hussy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 23/5/43; Smoky Hill 2/6/43; Gr Isle 3/6/43; Dow Fd 20/6/43; Assigned 549BS/385BG [XA-X] Gt Ashfield 1/7/43; Missing in Action Frankfurt 29/1/44 with Ralph H. Palmer, Navigator: William Powell, Flight engineer/top turret gunner:...

  • 42-30778 Old 66/Lady Margaret

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/7/43; Gore 6/8/43; Pendleton 12/8/43; Reno 14/8/43; Pierre 16/8/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 3/9/43; crashed on take off for France 13/8/44 with Leon Sutton, Co-pilot: Harlan Thompson, Navigator: George Healy, Bombardier:...

  • 42-31083 Tenny Belle

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 15/9/43; ...

  • 42-31115 Hells Belles

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 21/9/43; Gr Island 6/10/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 25/10/43; Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Jim Feeneynot found till 25/2/44, Radio Operator: Norman Kajut, Waist gunner: Marion Forbis,Tail gunner: Lou LeFevre (4...

  • 42-31138 Winged Fury

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/9/43; Gr Island 7/10/43; Romulus 10/10/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 15/10/43; Missing in Action Augsburg 13/4/44 with Art Nelson, Co-pilot: Art Livermore, Navigator: Maurice White, Bombardier: Bill Matuszewski, Flight...

  • 42-31222 Lazy Daisy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 4/10/43; Gr Island 17/10/43; Memphis 24/10/43; Assigned 545BS/384BG [JD-D] Grafton Underwood 546 [BK-D] 23/11/43; Missing in Action Magdeburg (Berlin) 28/9/44 with Jim Brodie, Co-pilot: Lloyd Vevle, ng-Byron Atkins, Flight engineer/top...

  • 42-31436

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 2/11/43; Kearney 16/11/43; Assigned 413BS/96BG [MZ- ] Snetterton 1/1/44; Missing in Action Frankfurt 29/1/44 with Henry L. Hammond; Co-pilot: Robert C. Brown; Navigator: Frederick P. Huebner; Bombardier: Lee McDonald; Flight engineer...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2016 23:58:51 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 14-Jan-2016. Added # aircraft damaged to the Detailed Description of all three Air Divisions per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2016 00:57:58 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 13-Jan-2016. Corrected statistics per "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2016 00:55:53 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 13-Jan-2016. Corrected statistics per "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2016 00:53:02 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 13-Jan-2016. Corrected statistics per "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2016 00:46:06 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 13-Jan-2016. Added Mission Narrative per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman; casualty totals based on MACR information and "Losses fo the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:17 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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