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VIII Bomber Command 151

11 December 1943

Official description

Not yet known

Description

This mission is a massive raid of 583 heavy bombers on the industrial areas of Emden, Germany. The first element is a combined force of 242 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division that included: 91BG (24); 92BG (18); 303BG (20); 305BG (21); 306BG (20); 351BG (40); 379BG (21); 381BG (28); 384BG (24) and 401BG (22). 219 aircraft are effective on the target. 1 aircraft from 306BG Failed to Return (FTR) 10POW. 88 aircraft are damaged. 1 airman in a returing aircaft is Wounded in Action (WIA). One of the damaged aircraft from 401BG only returned with the Pilot and Co-Pilot, 6KIA aboard 2 baled out and were captured as POW. The bomber gunners claim 2-0-0 of attacking German aircraft.

The second element was a combined force of 93 B-24s from 2nd Bomb Division that included: 44BG (26); 93GBG (24); 389BG (22); 392BG (21). 86 aircraft are effective on the target. 2 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) 17KIA 3POW. 9 airmen in returning aircraft are Wounded in Action (WIA); 18 aircraft are damaged. The bomber gunners of this element claim 24-3-1 of attacking German aircraft.

The third element is a combined force of 252 B-17 from 1st Bomb Division that included: 94BG (41); 95BG (40); 96BG (44); 100BG (22); 385BG (22); 388BG (42); and 390BG (41). All Groups except 100BG and 385BG have been built up as double-strength units. The 252 dispatched indicate that this was a "maximum effort" mission for 1st Bomb Division. 281 aircraft are effective on the target. Losses are high as 15 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR)71KIA 71POW. 1 aircraft returning to base with battle damage only had 6 on-board (5 OJ 1KIA), 4 had baled out and were captured as Prisoners of War (POW). 32 aircraft were damage. The bomber gunners of this element claim 60-19-22 of attacking German aircraft.

Mission details

1. Emden, Germany

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 100th Bomb Group

    100th Bomb Group

    Group
    "The Bloody Hundredth", so-called because of a reputation for losing a high number aircraft and crews, flew B-17s from Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk. Their losses were not the highest of any Eighth Air Force Group but on several occasions the Group lost many...

  • 388th Bomb Group

    388th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 388th Bomb Group flew strategic bombing mission from Knettishall, Suffolk from June 1943 to the end of the war. During this time, though, detachments were sent to Fersfield, Norfolk to conduct Aphrodite missions. In these Aphrodite missions veteran...

  • 390th Bomb Group

    390th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 390th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Framlingham, Suffolk, between July 1943 and the end of the war in Europe. The Group was engaged in strategic missions until the invasion of Europe when its role became more of a tactical one. This...

  • 94th Bomb Group

    94th Bomb Group

    Group
    Activated 15 June 1942 at MacDill Field, Florida. Initial organization and training at Pendleton Field, Oregon on 29 June 1942; Primary flight training at Davis-Monthan Field in Arizona from 28 Aug. 42 to 31 Oct. 42; then at Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas...

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 96th Bomb Group

    96th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 96th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses to targets across occupied Europe from May 1943 to April 1945. ...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 586.42
Number of aircraft Sent 252
Number of aircraft Effective 218
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 14
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 32
Number of people Killed In Action 73
Number of people Wounded in Action 10
Number of people Prisoners of War 75
Number of people Returned To Duty 5
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 60
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 19
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 22

2.

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 401st Bomb Group

    401st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 401st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire, from November 1943 to June 1945. Starting their missions at that time meant the focus was very much on the coming invasion attempt of France planned for the following...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 589.14
Number of aircraft Sent 238
Number of aircraft Effective 219
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 88
Number of people Killed In Action 6
Number of people Wounded in Action 1
Number of people Prisoners of War 12
Number of people Returned To Duty 2
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 3

3.

Description

INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

One B-24 is damaged by a cable being trailed into the formation by an FW 190.

Units

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 392nd Bomb Group

    392nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 392nd Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators out of Wendling, Norfolk from August 1943 until April 1945. They were the first Group to be given B-24H Liberators, the first B-24 model that was fitted with a nose turret on the production line, an adaptation...

  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 93rd Bomb Group

    93rd Bomb Group

    Group
    93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 1-March-1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. On 15-May-1942 the Group moved to Ft. Myers, Florida to continue advanced flight training and also to fly anti-submarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico; they...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 231.34
Number of aircraft Sent 93
Number of aircraft Effective 86
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 2
Number of aircraft Damaged 18
Number of people Killed In Action 17
Number of people Wounded in Action 9
Number of people Prisoners of War 3
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Bomber Command 24
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Bomber Command 3
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 1

Service

People

  • Norbert Allen

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 67BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Emden mission 11-Dec-43 in B-24 41-24232 'Calaban' ; A/C hit by falling bombs, crashed near the Emden estuary. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 1653 Awards: AM, PH.

  • George Ayers

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    BTG, Mickow crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down by fighters on mission #61 to Frankfurt, Germany on 29 Jan 1944 in B-17G #42-37884. MACR 2241. Killed in Action (KIA). Groves, TX

  • Carl Baer

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 381st Bomb Group
    Pilot, Baer crew, 381st BG, 535th BS, 8th AF. Forced to ditch in the North Sea on mission #62 to Brunswick, Germany on 30 Jan 1944 in B-17F #42-30029 'Chap's Flying Circus'. MACR 2495. Lt Baer radioed that they were running out of fuel and may not make...

  • Philip Ball

    Military | Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    BTG, Perot crew. 381st BG, 533rd BS, 8th AF. Lost 11 January 1944 on mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. B-17F #42-5878 'Yankee Eagle' was rammed by an FW 190 between the #1 and #2 engines, knocking off the wing. The ship...

  • John Baudoin

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Shot down 5 January 1944 in B-17 #4230724. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Barclay Beeby

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group

  • Charles Bein

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | Waist Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    Shot down 20 December 1943 in B-17 #4231084. Killed in Action (KIA). AM w/ 2 Oak Leaf Cluster

  • Boyd Boggess

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 67BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Emden mission 11-Dec-43 in B-24 41-24232 'Calaban' ; A/C hit by falling bombs, crashed near the Emden estuary. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 1653 Awards: PH.

  • Raymond Born

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 94th Bomb Group
    Shot down 5 January 1944 in B-17 #42-30200 'Slo-Time Sally. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Harold Brassfield

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Tail Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    On the return from a mission to Klein Machnow, Berlin on 6 Mar 1944, B-17G #42-37886 'Blitzing' Betsy' was severely damaged by attacks from several FW190s causing it to collide with another 388th B-17, exploding in mid-air and crashing near Emmen,...

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Aircraft

  • 41-24605 Knock-out Dropper

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Assigned 359BS/303BG [BN-R] Bangor 22-Sep-42; Molesworth 22-Oct-42; First 8th Air Force aircraft to complete 50, then 75 missions- 27-Mar-44; with M/Sgt Buford Pafford as crew chief; 1 Base Air Depot, Burtonwood 5-Jun-44; Reconstruction Finance...

  • 42-30182 'Blondie II'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 22/4/43; Smoky Hill 28/4/43; Walla Walla 5/7/43; Tinker 28/5/43; Smoky Hill 1/6/43; Dow Fd 6/6/43; Assigned 334BS/95BG [BG-E], then 412BS [QW-E] Horham 15/6/43; (25m), Missing in Action Emden 11/12/43 with Jack Moore, Co-pilot:...

  • 42-30207 Big Red

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 11/5/43; Smoky Hill 9/6/43; Dow Fd 12/6/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG [ -T] Knettishall 14/6/43; Missing in Action Bordeaux 27/3/44 with Julius Lederman, Co-pilot: Waite Law, Bombardier: John Luzell (3 Prisoner of War)...

  • 42-30212 Quarterback

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/4/43; Sioux City 14/5/43; Smoky Hill 11/6/43; Dow Fd 16/6/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 17/6/43; transferred Aphrodite project, Missing in Action V-sites, Watten 6/8/44 with Lt Joeseph P Andrecheck & T/Sgt Raymond Healy (2...

  • 42-30595 'Gremlin Gus II' "Olin's 69'ers"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/6/43; Smoky Hill 13/7/43; Kearney 16/7/43; Dow Fd 19/7/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 20/7/43; (34m) transferred Aphrodite project as OLIN'S 69'ERS; when War Weary, fuselage cut down and vehicle windshield fitted before open...

  • 42-30778 Old 66/Lady Margaret

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/7/43; Gore 6/8/43; Pendleton 12/8/43; Reno 14/8/43; Pierre 16/8/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 3/9/43; crashed on take off for France 13/8/44 with Leon Sutton, Co-pilot: Harlan Thompson, Navigator: George Healy, Bombardier:...

  • 42-31084

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 16/9/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 9/10/43; Missing in Action Bremen 20/12/43 with Ken Eccleston, Co-pilot: Pete Schou, Navigator: John Dorsett, Bombardier: Tom Tollin, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Joe Molinari, Radio...

  • 42-31115 Hells Belles

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 21/9/43; Gr Island 6/10/43; Assigned 562BS/388BG Knettishall 25/10/43; Missing in Action Brunswick 10/2/44 with Jim Feeneynot found till 25/2/44, Radio Operator: Norman Kajut, Waist gunner: Marion Forbis,Tail gunner: Lou LeFevre (4...

  • 42-31138 Winged Fury

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 24/9/43; Gr Island 7/10/43; Romulus 10/10/43; Assigned 560BS/388BG Knettishall 15/10/43; Missing in Action Augsburg 13/4/44 with Art Nelson, Co-pilot: Art Livermore, Navigator: Maurice White, Bombardier: Bill Matuszewski, Flight...

  • 42-31320 'I'll Be Around'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 20/10/43; Gr Island 2/11/43; Dallas 6/11/43; Assigned 412BS/95BG Horham 12/11/43; with John Miller 11/12/43 Tail gunner: Wallace Petzack KIA; 36m, Missing in Action Berlin 29/4/44 with Earl Leaser, Co-pilot: Ken Braden, Navigator:...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
01 February 2018 17:05:05 william henry Changes to event
Sources

trying to correct map

Date Contributor Update
01 February 2018 17:02:20 william henry Changes to event
Sources

trying to correct map

Date Contributor Update
01 February 2018 16:56:52 william henry Changes to event
Sources

trying to correct map

Date Contributor Update
01 February 2018 16:53:52 william henry Changes to event
Sources

Trying to correct map from the present map of South Africa to Emden Germany

Date Contributor Update
01 February 2018 16:51:14 william henry Changes to event
Sources

Trying to correct map from the present map of South Africa to Emden Germany

Date Contributor Update
31 January 2018 17:08:19 william henry Changes to description
Sources

corrected typos

Date Contributor Update
23 July 2015 20:57:17 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 23-Jun-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to 2nd Bomb Division statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
23 July 2015 20:55:57 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 23-Jun-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to 1st Bomb Division statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
23 July 2015 20:55:10 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 23-Jun-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to 3rd Bomb Division statistics per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
23 July 2015 20:53:28 Lee8thbuff Changes to description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 23-Jun-2015. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:16 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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