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432

22 June 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 38.7 T

2. ABBEVILLE (Primary)

Description

TRANSPORTATION TARGET

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 35.5 T

3. BRIE-COMTE-ROBERT SUG (Opportunistic)

Description

TRANSPORTATION TARGET

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 0.00

4. BUC (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 107.8 T

5. Ghent Maritime, Marshalling Yards (Primary)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 351st Bomb Group

    351st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 351st Bomb Group flew strategic bombing missions from their base at Polebrook, Northamptonshire from April 1943 to June 1945. The Group's most famous member was Hollywood actor Clark Gable, who flew four/ five missions with them as an observer...

  • 379th Bomb Group

    379th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 379th Bomb Group (H) (heavy), based at Kimbolton, flew more sorties than any other Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force and dropped a greater bomb tonnage than any other Group. The B-17 Flying Fortress Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit...

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 401st Bomb Group

    401st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 401st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire, from November 1943 to June 1945. Starting their missions at that time meant the focus was very much on the coming invasion attempt of France planned for the following...

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

  • 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

    Group
    The 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated at Harding Field, Louisiana on 15-April-1942 and went to MacDill Field, Florida for the first phase of training from 16-May-1942 to 25-June-1942. The Group was then assigned to 2nd Air Force at Walla...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 205.7 T

6. DOUAI (Opportunistic)

Description

RAILROAD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 12 T

7. DOUAI (Opportunistic)

Description

RAILROAD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 3 T

8. DREUX (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 30 T

9. ETAMPES (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 62.8 T

10. FURNES (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 37 T

11. GUYANCOURT/CAUDRON (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44th Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Group,392nd Bomb Group, 446th Bomb Group,448th Bomb Group,458th Bomb Group, 466th Bomb Group,467th Bomb Group, 489th Bomb Group, 491st Bomb Group, 492nd Bomb Group.

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 135 T

12. LA VAUBALIERS (Primary)

Description

TRANSPORTATION TARGET

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 36 T

13. LIEUSANT (Opportunistic)

Description

RAILROAD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 21.9 T

14. LILLE/FIMES (Primary)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 398th Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 226.5 T

15. MAZINGARBE (Primary)

Description

TRANSPORTATION TARGET

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 17.3 T

16. MELUN (Opportunistic)

Description

BRIDGE

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 27.5 T

17. MELUN (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 26.5 T

18. NUCOURT (Primary)

Description

V-1 MISSILE SITES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of B-17s is 94th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group, 486th Bomb Group, 487th Bomb Group

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 207.5 T

19. PARIS (Primary)

Description

OIL DEPOT

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of B-24s is 493rd Bomb Group, 486th Bomb Group, 487th Bomb Group, 489th Bomb Group, 490th Bomb Group

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 240 T

20. PONT A VENDIN (Primary)

Description

TRANSPORTATION TARGET

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 10.8 T

21. ROUEN (Opportunistic)

Description

OIL STORAGE TANKS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 24.50

22. ROUEN (Primary)

Description

OIL DEPOT

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG - ISSION NO. 74 - ROUEN, FRANCE

22 JUNE, 1944

The striking power of the Eighth Air Force was directed back to tactical targets; 800 bombers were dispatched against power installations, communications lines, airfields and oil depots. The 45 7th attacked oil dumps in France. The target was on the south bank of the Seine River across from the City of Rouen. It had not been attacked before.

The 457th supplied two 12 ship boxes for the mission. Lt. Louis 0. Mueller was Air Commander of the lead B box, with Lt. Kenneth R. Johnston as pilot. Major Eugene Peresich was Commander of the low B box, with Lt. Harry Stafford as pilot.

The route to the target was again over the invasion coast. The entire Normandy beachhead was visible. Bombing results were good, in spite of the fact that the lead bombardier, Lt. Harry G. Vaal, was hit in the eye by splintered glass from the plexiglass nose due to a flak hit on the bomb mn. Flak was heavy and accurate with fifteen craft damaged.

One aircraft was piloted by Lt. Franklin H. Morrell. He brought it back to England, and prepared for a crash landing, without brakes. When he touched down, the plane veered off to the right, hitting the wing of another aircraft, and then crashed head-on into a parked aircraft. Both caught fire immediately and were completely consumed by flames, shooting two and three hundred feet into the air. Fifty caliber shells were exploding; projectiles and pieces of metal flew through the air. Flares were going off continually and the heat was terrific. Miraculously the entire crew escaped.

Lt. Eugene F. Tangherlini, an assistant engineering officer with the 749th, and Sgt. Herbert B. Mayers, a flight chief, raced to the scene. The wing of the first ship to be hit, before the head- on collision, was actually overlapped the fuselage of one of the burning ships. Lt. Tangherlini knew that the ship had to be moved without delay. He further realized that the gas tanks were partially filled, and that if a fire did develop, the ship would explode. Despite the difficulties encountered and the danger involved, Lt. Tangherlini and Sgt. Mayers succeeded in moving the ship a safe distance from the fire. After this was accomplished, the two men returned to the scene of the fire and repeated the performance by moving another Fortress away from the flames. It was found later that the wing on the first ship to be taxied away had actually begun to melt. Because of the courage and devotion to duty displayed by Lt. Tangherlini and Sgt. Mayers, both were decorated with the Bronze Star medal for the heroism displayed.

Sgt. James H. Denny of the 468th Sub Depot also witnessed the crash. He grabbed a half track and raced to the scene. Upon arriving be opened the door of the crashed bomber to permit the crew to escape. He then tied the half track to the tail of the craft and pulled it away from the other craft. For the heroism he displayed, he was awarded the Soldier's medal.

(Compilers Note: Jim Denny relates that Sgt. James W Vaughn, also with the 468th Sub Depot, was involved with the rescue and was also awarded the Soldier's medal.)

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 68.7 T

23. SAMUR

Description

BRIDGE

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

9 of 10 B-24s use glide bombs to attack the Samur Bridge. Escort is provided by 41 of 43 P-51s. No losses and no casualties

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 5 T

24. ST CYR (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 126 T

25. TINGRY (Primary)

Description

TRANSPORTATION TARGET

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 36.6 T

26. TOURS-LA-RICHE (Primary)

Description

BRIDGE

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 5.5 T

Service

People

  • Robert Collins

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Navigator; Statistics | 490th Bomb Group
    AWARDS: ...

  • Lee Conner

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 448th Bomb Group
    Lee's original aircraft was named "Do Bunny", after his soon to be wife, Doris Christianson (Frank Christianson's sister). However; upon arrival at Wales, the aircraft they named was given to another crew.

  • Charles Evans

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 458th Bomb Group
    The 50-page description of CPT Evans' military service is found at http://www.2ndair.org.uk/consumption/groups/public/documents/article/ncc175528.pdf (as listed in http://www.2ndair.org.uk/Second_Air_Division/Wartime_memories/index.htm).

  • Raymond Harman

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Flight Engineer; Top Turret Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW). Shot down by flak and crashed near Corne on 7/19/44 in B-17 44-6129

  • James Hollowell

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 34th Bomb Group
    .

  • Martin Kilcoyne

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    He flew on Arthur Crapsey crew. Reported to group on 19 Nov 1943. Completed 32 missions from Oct 1943-Sept 1944. He was injured on his second mission to Osnabruck, 22 Dec. 1943. He returned to active duty in April 1944 as a spare crewmember. ...

  • William McKeon

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 401st Bomb Group
    Shot down by flak and crashed near Corne in B-17 3446129 on 19 July 1944 and Evaded

  • Kenneth Murgatroyd

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 401st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 613BS, 401BG, 8AF USAAF. 12 x combat missions. Shot down 20-Jul-44 in B-17 42-31037 'Pistol Packin' Mama'. Prisoner of War (POW). Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Louis Rogers

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 25th Bomb Group
    Flew Jimmy Stewart in the mosquito on a mission, when they got to altitude (30,000+) he looked over and noticed that Jimmy was asleep, passed out from lack of oxygen. L. A. dived down to a lower altitude and returned to Watton. ...

  • John Spirodek

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 613BS, 401BG, 8AF USAAF. 12 x combat missions. Shot down 20-Jul-44 in B-17 42-31037 'Pistol Packin' Mama'. Killed in Action (KIA). Noted in MACR to have passed out (Anoxia) and so been attached by static line and thrown out by crewmates and...

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Aircraft

  • 42-107086

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 16/2/44; Rapid City 2/3/44; Grenier 14/4/44; Assigned 603BS/398BG [N7-L] Nuthampstead 24/4/44; no ops, transferred 369BS/306BG [WW-Q] Thurleigh 13/5/44; Gr/crew Sgt Bob Holthaus (ettg) was installing guns when fire broke out followed by...

  • 42-95021 San Antonio Rose

    B-24 Liberator

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
27 May 2015 12:04:53 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
18 March 2015 10:17:41 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Associated Bomb Groups of 1st Bomb Division. Correction to location name.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:07 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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