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421

18 June 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 13 T

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 7.5 T

3. BREMEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 208.5 T

4. BREMEN-OSLEBSHAUSEN (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 43 T

5. BREMERHAVEN (Opportunistic)

Description

HARBOUR INSTALLATION

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Some 466th BG a/c bombed Bremerhaven as a target of opportunity. Luneburg had been the primary.

Units

  • 466th Bomb Group

    466th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 466th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Attlebridge, Norfolk, during the last year of the war in Europe. The Group flew 232 missions in the course of the year and celebrated the 100th one by inviting local people onto the base to mark the...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 206 T

6. BRUNSBUTTEL (Primary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 131 T

7. HAMBURG CITY (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

The same tactics of dropping external fuel tans upon trains and setting them alight with strafing are used on this target. Heavy damage is inflicted upon the trains and the Germans suffer heavy troop casualties. 2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44th Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 446th Bomb Group, 448th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group, 458th Bomb Group, 467th Bomb Group, 492nd Bomb Group.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 444 T

8. HAMBURG CITY (Secondary)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Oil refinery targets are the number one priority targets at this stage of the conflict. The There is little or no Luftwaffe fighter opposition. Anti-aircraft opposition is heavy. 10 of the 11 bombers lost on these missions this day are attributed to AA fire. 1 bomber is lost due to unknown causes. 1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 398th Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group. 3rd Bomb Division was made up of 34th Bomb Group, 94th Bomb Group, 95th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 100th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group, 486th Bomb Group, 487th Bomb Group, 490th Bomb Group, 493rd Bomb Group.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 798.5 T

9. HAMBURG-EBANO (Opportunistic)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 48 T

10. HAMBURG-EUROTANK (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 146.5 T

11. HAMBURG-OSSAG (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG - MISSION NO. 69 - HAMBURG, GERMANY

18 JUNE, 1944

The oil refineries in the dock area of Hamburg were the targets today. Earlier bombing efforts of the Eighth had been directed at synthetic oil refineries. Crude oil refineries had not been attacked until a few days prior to this mission. The effort. Was now to attack the crude oil refineries in western Germany. Thirteen hundred bombers participated in this mission.

The 457th furnished two 18 ship boxes, one as the high box in the 94th A Combat Wing, and the other as the high box in the B Combat Wing. Both targets were in the Hamburg area. Captain Wilbur D. Snow was Air Commander with Lt. Edward B. Dozier as pilot of the A box, and Major Fred A. Spencer as Commander with Lt. Richard T. Bennett as pilot of the B box.

The undercast prevented visual bombing and strike photos showed bombing results were poor. No enemy aircraft opposition was encountered. Antiaircraft fire was intense but fairly inaccurate; three aircraft suffered flak damage.

Briefing information had reported 250 antiaircraft guns in the Hamburg area.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 97 T

12. HAMBURG-SCHINDLER (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 80 T

13. HANNOVER CITY (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 187 T

14. HANNOVER-MISBURG (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 210 T

15. HELIGOLAND (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 24 T

16. HUSUM (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 33 T

17. NORDHAM (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 18 T

18. STADE (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 108 T

19. Watten, France

Description

V-1 MISSILE SITES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 220 T

20. WESERMUNDE (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Aircraft type

B-24 Liberator

Notes

Some 466th BG a/c bombed Wesermunde as a target of opportunity. The primary had been Luneburg airfield.

Units

  • 466th Bomb Group

    466th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 466th Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators from Attlebridge, Norfolk, during the last year of the war in Europe. The Group flew 232 missions in the course of the year and celebrated the 100th one by inviting local people onto the base to mark the...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 72 T

21. WRIST (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 3 T

Service

People

  • Richard Adam

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 447th Bomb Group

  • Robert Allison

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 94th Bomb Group
    Flew 26 missions on 'Mission Bell', was wounded on 26th mission. Purple Heart, 4 Air Medals

  • Thomas Barton

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    newly assigned May 1944

  • Charles Beckham

    Military | Sergeant | Ball turret gunner | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Assigned to 384th Bomb Group on 16 May 1944, completed 16 Missions with 384th Bomb Group before transferring to 305th Bomb Group on 26 June 1944.

  • Vernon Bohn

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Ball Turret Gunner | 390th Bomb Group
    Crew Number 7

  • George Boozer

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 388th Bomb Group
    The person with this name and birth/death dates buring at Fort Bliss National Cemetery is listed as "Master Sergeant - US Army" on his headstone. Boozer is wearing Captain's bars in his photo. This birth and death date may well be for the wrong ...

  • William Brodek

    Military | First Lieutenant | Right Waist Gunner | 458th Bomb Group
    On 18 June 1944, William Brodek flew as a substitute for Joseph Risko, who had frostbite, on B-24 “Rhapsody in Junk” #4128733. The aircraft crashed in Blick, Germany, near the village of Süderbrarup in Schleswig-Holstein. Brodek was taken as a Prisoner...

  • Bernard Brooks

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Waist Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    He flew with Pilot Lt. Ray Cambell on 'Ray's Hell' The plane crashed in England but the crew escaped. DFC, purple heart, etc

  • Edward Bullitt

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Assigned to 384th Bomb Group on 16 May 1944, completed 16 Missions with 384th Bomb Group before transferring to 305th Bomb Group on 26 June 1944.

  • Dee Butler

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 458th Bomb Group
    Dee Butler was Co-Pilot of B-24 'Rhapsody In Junk' #41-28733, shot down by flak on the 18 June 1944 mission to the Fassberg airfield, Germany. Crashed in Blick, Germany, near the village Süderbrarup in Schleswig-Holstein. Prisoner of War (POW) Stalag...

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Aircraft

  • 42-97194 Good Pickin'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/2/44; Kearney 24/2/44; Presque Is 11/3/44; Assigned 336BS/95BG [ET-O] Horham 11/3/44; with G.M. Jackman force landed B-53 Merville, Belg., 10/5/45; with Lt Henderson force landed A-70 Laon, France 20/5/45; 114m Returned to the USA...

  • 42-30778 Old 66/Lady Margaret

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/7/43; Gore 6/8/43; Pendleton 12/8/43; Reno 14/8/43; Pierre 16/8/43; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 3/9/43; crashed on take off for France 13/8/44 with Leon Sutton, Co-pilot: Harlan Thompson, Navigator: George Healy, Bombardier:...

  • 42-31939 Spook Six

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 6/1/44; Kearney 15/1/44; Romulus 23/1/44; Grenier 25/1/44; Assigned 336BS/95BG [ET-J] Horham 2/2/44; transferred 412BS [QW-J]; 98m, with S.D. Reed, force landed RAF Coltishakk, 8RTD, 1WIA; Returned to the USA 121 BU Bradley 21/6/44;...

  • 42-38013 "NEVADA AVENGER"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; New Castle 10/12/43; Presque Is 15/12/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-C] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44; sal battle damaged 27/4/44. NEVADA AVENGER. ...

  • 42-97093 I'll Get By

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/1/44; Kearney 14/2/44; Presque Is 20/2/44; Assigned 568BS/390BG [BI-S] Framlingham 3/3/44 DOC'S FLYING CIRCUS, then GIRL OF MY DREAMS; on mission 21/7/44 with ? , Lt Sam Dubin (Killed in Action); severe icing during assembly for...

  • 44-6099

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 1/5/44; Kearney 10/5/44; Grenier 24/5/44; Assigned 569BS/390BG [CC-H] Framlingham 25/5/44; severe battle damaged at Tours 1/8/44, with - Blevins, rest unknown ? , force landed at Woodbridge ELG, Sfk, UK. Salvaged 4/8/44.

  • 42-95021 San Antonio Rose

    B-24 Liberator

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
27 May 2015 11:44:42 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
22 January 2015 03:48:39 466thHistorian Changes to event
Sources

466th BG Historian

Date Contributor Update
22 January 2015 03:47:18 466thHistorian Changes to event
Sources

466th BG Historian

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:07 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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