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8th Air Force Field Order 331

8 May 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1. BRUNSWICK / BERLIN

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

A mix of 729 fighters for 8th Air Force provided escort: 152 P-38s, 295 P-47 and 282 P-51s. In addition IX Fighter Command provided and additional 50 P-38s from 474th Fighter Group and 76 P-51s from 354th Fighter Group and 363rd Fighter Group. IX Fighter Command aircraft are not included in the table or any IX Fighter Command losses. IX Fighter Command losses were a single P-51 from 354th Fighter Group. Claims against Luftwaffe include IX Fighter Command totals.

Units

  • 20th Fighter Group

    20th Fighter Group

    Group
    In August 1943, the 20th Fighter Group arrived in Clyde, Scotland, before travelling to Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire, which was to be their base for the rest of the war. The Group flew 312 missions before their last mission on 25 April 1945. The...

  • 339th Fighter Group

    339th Fighter Group

    Group
    In the years before deployment to the UK, the Group had been designated as a Bombardment Group (Dive) and trained in A-24 and A-25 dive-bombers and P-39 Airacobras. When, in April 1944, they joined the Eighth Air Force in Britain though, the pilots...

  • 352nd Fighter Group

    352nd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 352nd Fighter Group were based at Bodney, Norfolk from July 1943 until November 1945 but in the winter months of 1944/1945 detachments moved to bases in Belgium to provide extra air support to ground forces during the Battle of the Bulge and to...

  • 353rd Fighter Group

    353rd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 353rd Fighter Group was assigned to the Eighth Air Force on 7 June 1943. The group flew P-47 Thunderbolts, and from October 1944, P-51 Mustangs, as escorts for bombing missions across occupied Europe and to strafe targets on the ground. Tactical...

  • 354th Fighter Group

    354th Fighter Group

    Group
    The Group moved to England in the autumn of 1943 and was assigned to the Ninth Air Force in December 1943. The Group were the first to fly P-51 Mustangs operationally and in their bomber escort missions pushed to find the long-range limits of the...

  • 355th Fighter Group

    355th Fighter Group

    Group
    Where the 353rd Fighter Group had pioneered ground strafing techniques, it was the 355th Fighter Group who destroyed more enemy aircraft by ground strafing than any other Eighth Air Force Group. Based at Steeple Morden from July 1943 to July 1945, the...

  • 356th Fighter Group

    356th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 356th Fighter Group flew 413 missions between 15 October 1943 and 7 May 1945 and suffered the highest ratio of losses to enemy aircraft claims of any Eighth Air Force Group. This gave the Group the reputation of being the 'hard luck' outfit. The...

  • 357th Fighter Group

    357th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 357th Fighter Group was the first P-51 Mustang Group in the Eighth Air Force, training with them from November 1943 at Raydon, England and entering combat with them in the February of the following year from their new base at Leiston. The Group was...

  • 359th Fighter Group

    359th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 359th Fighter Group flew 346 missions from East Wretham between December 1943 and April 1945. In the main these missions were escorting bombers flying over occupied Europe. The Group, soon after converting from Thunderbolts to Mustangs, were...

  • 361st Fighter Group

    361st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 361st Fighter Group was the last P-47 Thunderbolt Group to join the Eighth Air Force. Between 21 January 1944 and 20 April 1945, the Group flew 441 missions, the majority in an escort role in support of bombers flying over occupied Europe. The...

  • 363rd Fighter Group

    363rd Fighter Group

    Group
    Equipped with P-51s, the Group entered combat from England in February 1944, flying bomber escort and ground-strafing missions. They took part in the invasion of Normandy, protecting gliders and troop carriers on 6 and 7 June. In September 1944, now...

  • 364th Fighter Group

    364th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 364th Fighter Group flew 342 missions in P-38 Lightnings and P-51 Mustangs from Honington, Suffolk. The missions ranged from escorting bombers and dive-bombing and strafing targets to area patrol missions across a swathe of land that took in France...

  • 474th Fighter Group
  • 4th Fighter Group

    4th Fighter Group

    Group
    Some of the pilots of the 4th Fighter Group had seen many hours of combat by the time they joined the 4th Fighter Group as they had volunteered with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force. The three 'Eagle Squadrons' of RAF Fighter...

  • 55th Fighter Group

    55th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 55th Fighter Group were the first P-38 Lightning Group to go fully operational from England. The pilots flew long-range escort missions for bombers flying over occupied Europe and racked up 'kills' of their own by destroying enemy aircraft in...

  • 56th Fighter Group

    56th Fighter Group

    Group
    Flying P-47 Thunderbolts throughout their time stationed in England, the Group, known as "the Wolfpack", had more ace pilots than any other Eighth Air Force Fighter Group. The 56th Fighter Group also destroyed more enemy aircraft in air combat than any...

  • 78th Fighter Group

    78th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 78th Fighter Group was initially based at Goxhill but moved to Duxford in April 1943 and stayed there until October 1945. It flew all three of the USAAF's principal fighters. On D-Day every available Thunderbolt provided air cover to the Allied...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped NA

Service

People

  • Walter Bosworth

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter pilot | 364th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 383FS, 364FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) area withdrawal mission to Berlin. Intervened with E/A fighters, harassing lone B-17. Shot down by Me109 in P-38 42-104198, crashed near Sonnenborstel. Prisoner of War (POW). 8-May-44. MACR...

  • Benjamin McCarty

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 20th Fighter Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) crashed near Nancy on 9 May 1944 in P-38J #42-104289. MACR 4688. AM w/ Oak Leaf Cluster, PH, POW

  • Alan Porter

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot, Pilot | 359th Fighter Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) crashed near Hambuhren in P-51B-10 #43-7179. Result of dogfight/pursuit on mission escorting bombers to Brunswick, Germany. Last seen 0940 hrs. Reports filed by Capt. Charles C. Ettlesen, 369th FS; 1st Lt Herbert c. Burton,...

Aircraft

  • 42-67998 "Li’l One"

    P-38 Lightning
    Landing accident RAF Wittering. P-38J 42-67998 “Li’l One”. 8th May 1944, aircraft had Cat AC battle damage from the mission.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
11 December 2014 09:54:01 Emily Changes to event
Sources

Moved pin from Brunswick US to Braunschweig, Germany

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:14 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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