Skip to main content
Edit entry 

8th Air Force FO 264 BOMBER ESCORT

9 March 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

A combined force of fighters of types: P-38s; P-47s and P-51s are despatched to provide escort to heavy bombers attacking at Berlin, Hannover, Brunswick and Nienburg, Germany. Mission summary follows:

A comined force of 83 P-39s from: 20FG; 55FG and 364FG is despatched. 1 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 1KIA. 3 aircraft are Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) - 1KIA 2RTD. 1 airman in a returning aircraft is WIA. There are no other losses, casualties or claims in this element.

A combined force of 572 P-47s is despatched. 8th Air Force: 56FG; 78FG; 353FG; 353FG; 356FG; 359FG; and 361FG. These are joined by IX Figher Command: 358FG and 362FG. 352FG, 359FG and 361FG each flew two operations (one on penetration the other on withdrawl). 352FG flew a mixed formation of P-47s and P-51a. There are no losses, casulaties or claims in this element.

A combined force of 153 P-51s is despatched. 8th Air Force: 4FG; 352FG; 355FG; and 357FG. These are joined by IX Fighter Command: 354FG and 363FG. 1 aircraft from 355FG is Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) in a crash on take off - 1KIA. There are no other losses casualties or claims in this element.

Mission details

1. BERLIN

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

P-38 Lightning

Notes

The Luftwaffe, still licking its wounds of 87 aircraft lost the previous day, only provided perfunctory opposition. American fighters scored no successes on this escort.

Units

  • 20th Fighter Group

    20th Fighter Group

    Group
    In August 1943, the 20th Fighter Group arrived in Clyde, Scotland, before travelling to Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire, which was to be their base for the rest of the war. The Group flew 312 missions before their last mission on 25 April 1945. The...

  • 364th Fighter Group

    364th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 364th Fighter Group flew 342 missions in P-38 Lightnings and P-51 Mustangs from Honington, Suffolk. The missions ranged from escorting bombers and dive-bombing and strafing targets to area patrol missions across a swathe of land that took in France...

  • 55th Fighter Group

    55th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 55th Fighter Group were the first P-38 Lightning Group to go fully operational from England. The pilots flew long-range escort missions for bombers flying over occupied Europe and racked up 'kills' of their own by destroying enemy aircraft in...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 83
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 2
Number of people Killed In Action 1
Number of people Returned To Duty 2

2. BERLIN

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

P-47 Thunderbolt

Notes

The 352nd Fighter Group flew a mixed formation of P-47s and P-51s.

Units

  • 352nd Fighter Group

    352nd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 352nd Fighter Group were based at Bodney, Norfolk from July 1943 until November 1945 but in the winter months of 1944/1945 detachments moved to bases in Belgium to provide extra air support to ground forces during the Battle of the Bulge and to...

  • 353rd Fighter Group

    353rd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 353rd Fighter Group was assigned to the Eighth Air Force on 7 June 1943. The group flew P-47 Thunderbolts, and from October 1944, P-51 Mustangs, as escorts for bombing missions across occupied Europe and to strafe targets on the ground. Tactical...

  • 356th Fighter Group

    356th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 356th Fighter Group flew 413 missions between 15 October 1943 and 7 May 1945 and suffered the highest ratio of losses to enemy aircraft claims of any Eighth Air Force Group. This gave the Group the reputation of being the 'hard luck' outfit. The...

  • 358th Fighter Group

    358th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 358th Fighter Group flew seventeen missions with the Eighth Air Force from Leiston air base. At the beginning of February 1944 the Group were transferred to the Ninth Air Force in exchange for the 357th Fighter Group. With the Ninth, the Group went...

  • 359th Fighter Group

    359th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 359th Fighter Group flew 346 missions from East Wretham between December 1943 and April 1945. In the main these missions were escorting bombers flying over occupied Europe. The Group, soon after converting from Thunderbolts to Mustangs, were...

  • 361st Fighter Group

    361st Fighter Group

    Group
    The 361st Fighter Group was the last P-47 Thunderbolt Group to join the Eighth Air Force. Between 21 January 1944 and 20 April 1945, the Group flew 441 missions, the majority in an escort role in support of bombers flying over occupied Europe. The...

  • 362nd Fighter Group

    362nd Fighter Group

    Group
    The Group trained in P-47s and moved to England in November 1943. Arriving earlier than many other Ninth Air Force fighter groups, the pilots main occupation was escort work for heavy bombers. The Group's first mission on 8 February 1944 was one...

  • 56th Fighter Group

    56th Fighter Group

    Group
    Flying P-47 Thunderbolts throughout their time stationed in England, the Group, known as "the Wolfpack", had more ace pilots than any other Eighth Air Force Fighter Group. The 56th Fighter Group also destroyed more enemy aircraft in air combat than any...

  • 78th Fighter Group

    78th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 78th Fighter Group was initially based at Goxhill but moved to Duxford in April 1943 and stayed there until October 1945. The 78th FG flew each of the three US built principal fighters of the AAF in the ETO. In their Thundetbolts, the 78th FG ...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 572

3. BERLIN

Description

FIGHTER ESCORT

Aircraft type

P-51 Mustang

Notes

358th Fighter Group and 362nd Fighter Group from IX Fighter Command contribute an undetermined number of P-47s to the escort, number included in the total despatched. Totals combined 8th Air Force and IX Fighter Command. 352nd Fighter Group, 359th Fighter Group and 361 Fighter Group flew two missions each.

Units

  • 352nd Fighter Group

    352nd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 352nd Fighter Group were based at Bodney, Norfolk from July 1943 until November 1945 but in the winter months of 1944/1945 detachments moved to bases in Belgium to provide extra air support to ground forces during the Battle of the Bulge and to...

  • 354th Fighter Group

    354th Fighter Group

    Group
    The Group moved to England in the autumn of 1943 and was assigned to the Ninth Air Force in December 1943. The Group were the first to fly P-51 Mustangs operationally and in their bomber escort missions pushed to find the long-range limits of the...

  • 355th Fighter Group

    355th Fighter Group

    Group
    Where the 353rd Fighter Group had pioneered ground strafing techniques, it was the 355th Fighter Group who destroyed more enemy aircraft by ground strafing than any other Eighth Air Force Group. Based at Steeple Morden from July 1943 to July 1945, the...

  • 357th Fighter Group

    357th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 357th Fighter Group was the first P-51 Mustang Group in the Eighth Air Force, training with them from November 1943 at Raydon, England and entering combat with them in the February of the following year from their new base at Leiston. The Group was...

  • 363rd Fighter Group

    363rd Fighter Group

    Group
    Equipped with P-51s, the Group entered combat from England in February 1944, flying bomber escort and ground-strafing missions. They took part in the invasion of Normandy, protecting gliders and troop carriers on 6 and 7 June. In September 1944, now...

  • 4th Fighter Group

    4th Fighter Group

    Group
    Some of the pilots of the 4th Fighter Group had seen many hours of combat by the time they joined the 4th Fighter Group as they had volunteered with the Royal Canadian Air Force and the Royal Air Force. The three 'Eagle Squadrons' of RAF Fighter...

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 153
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of people Killed In Action 1

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
22 February 2016 19:03:15 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 22-Feb-2016. Made connections to IX FC P-51 units per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
22 February 2016 19:01:48 Lee8thbuff Changes to event
Sources

Lee Cunningham 22-Feb-2016. Made connections to IX FC P-47 units per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date Contributor Update
22 February 2016 18:59:35 Lee8thbuff Changes to name and description
Sources

Lee Cunningham 22-Feb-2016. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:14 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

Share