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Original Crew 11, 712th BS, 448th BG 1943. Standing (L-R): T/Sgt. Oclotlan U. Richmond - Radio Operator; S/Sgt. Benjamin Z. Means - Waist Gunner, Second Armorer; S/Sgt. Norbert F. Duginske - Waist Gunner, Second Engineer; S/Sgt. Gerald E. Carroll - Top Turret Gunner, First Engineer; S/Sgt. Raymond G. Giwojna - Tail Gunner; Sgt. Bill J. McCullah - Ball Turret Gunner, First Armorer. Kneeling (L-R): 2nd Lt. Paul R. Helander - Pilot; 2nd Lt. John J. Schneider - Co-Pilot; 2nd Lt. Alfred E. Cannon - Navigator; 2nd Lt. Henry M. Snyder - Bombardier.



  • 448th Bomb Group

    448th Bomb Group

    The 448th Bombardment Group was organized on 6 April 1943 and activated on 1 May 1943 at Gowen Field, near Boise, Idaho. The initial training of the air crews took place in Florida. The entire group was assembled Wendover Field, Utah. Both air and...

  • 712th Bomb Squadron


  • Alfred Cannon

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator

  • Gerald Carroll

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner
    S/Sgt. Gerald Carroll was born September 24, 1921 in Silver Bow, Montana. He enlisted in the Army Air Corps August 8, 1941. He died April 26, 1945 while assigned to the 3509th Army Air Force Base Unit (AAFBUSS) (Factory School) located at the Ford...

  • Norbert Duginske

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner, Second Engineer
    S/Sgt. Norbert Mike Duginske was born in Merrill, Wisconsin January 1, 1920. He enlisted February 11, 1941 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was a Waist Gunner and Second Engineer while assigned to Crew 11 in the 712th Bomb Squadron, 448th Bomb Group. He...

  • Raymond Giwojna

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner, Third Engineer
    S/Sgt. Raymond G. Giwojna was born April 11, 1923. He enlisted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on October 30, 1942. He was a Tail Gunner and Third Engineer while assigned to Crew 11 in the 712th Bomb Squadron, 448th Bomb Group. He died May 18, 1979 in Hennepin...

  • Paul Helander

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot

  • Bill McCullah

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner/First Armorer
    S/Sgt. Bill McCullah was born November 3, 1923 in Springfield, Missouri. He enlisted January 23, 1943 in Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. He attended Basic Training in Miami, Florida, Gunnery School at Harlingen, Texas, and Armament School at Lowry Air...

  • Benjamin Means

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner/Second Armorer
    S/Sgt. Benjamin Z. Means was born in Fordam, Pennsylvania February 11, 1924. He entered active service February 5, 1943 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He attended Basic Training in Miami, Florida, Gunnery School at Harlingen, Texas, and Armament School...

  • Oclotlan Richmond

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator
    T/Sgt. Oclotlan Richmond was born in Ajo, Arizona June 4, 1922. He was a Radio Operator while assigned to Crew 11, 712th Bomb Squadron, 448th Bomb Group from October 1943 to January 1944. He passed away on December 15, 2007 in Deer Park, Washington. He...

  • John Schneider

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot, Pilot

  • Henry Snyder

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator


  • 41-28711 "Little Sheppard"

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 712th Bomb Squadron, 448th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force. ...

  • 42-52132 "Boomerang"

    B-24 Liberator
    Liberator B-24H-10-FO (42-52132) was assigned to Crew 11 of the 712th Bomb Squadron, 448th Bomb Group in October 1943. It was named "Boomerang" by the crew when they arrived at Forbes Field, Kansas to take ownership after their training was completed....


  • VIII Bomber Command 161

    22 December 1943
    This mission is composed of two forces directed at two separate targets, the communication centers at Osnabruck and Munster, Germany. The force attacking at Osnabruck is composed of two elements. The first element is composed of 227 B-17s (2 are PFF...

  • VIII Bomber Command 171

    31 December 1943
    This mission is the last heavy bomber operation of 1943. 1943 had been a very "tough" year for the 8th Air Force in the European Theater of Operations (ETO). 23365 B-17s had been despatched on missions and 881 had Failed to Return (FTR) for a loss...

  • 8th Air Force 187

    21 January 1944
    This mission is directed at 36 V-Weapon sites (34 in the Pas-de-Calaise area and 2 in the Chrebourg area of France) 24 of these are bombed successfully. All three Bomb Divisions participate in the attacks and the bomber gunners claimed 5-1-2 of...

  • 8th Air Force 200

    30 January 1944
    This mission has the aviation industry at Brunswick, Germany as the primary target. The mission is composed of a combined force pf 777 heavy bomber aircraft despatched in three elements: 1st Bomb Division; 2nd Bomb Division and 3rd Bomb Division. The...

  • 8th Air Force 208

    4 February 1944
    The railroad marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany were focus of this mission, but other railroad marshalling yards in the area were attacked as well. Weather and navigational errors frustrate target acquisition.748 heavy bombers were despatched in a...

  • 8th Air Force 221

    13 February 1944
    17 V-Wepons sites in France are the primary targets for this mission. The mission is divided into two separate forces: one force of B-24s from 2nd Bomb Division and one force of B-17s from 3rd Bomb Division. Mission summary follows: ...

  • 8th Air Force 235 BIG WEEK - DAY 6

    25 February 1944
    On this final operation of BIG WEEK, Day 6, a combined force of 754 heavy bombers from 1st, 2nd and 3rd Air Divisions are despatched to bomb the German aircraft industries at Regensburg, Augsburg, Stuttgart and Furth, Germany. Mission Summary follows: ...

  • 8th Air Force 244

    2 March 1944
    The primary targets for this mission are: the railroad marshalling yards at Frankfurt, Germany; and the German air depot ar Chartres, France. The mission is composed of two entierly separate forces. 327 B-17s from 1st Air Division joined by 154 B-24s...

  • 8th Air Force 248

    5 March 1944
    The German airfields at Mont-de-Marsan, Cayeux and Bordeaux/Merginac, France were the primary targets for this mission. Weather and clouds frustrate bombing attempts and formations bomb other secondary targets and targets of last resort. Mission...

  • 8th Air Force 252

    8 March 1944
    The VKF ballbearing factory at Berlin/Erkner is the primary target for 623 heavy bombers despatched by all three Air Divisions. Fighter opposition and anti-aircraft fire are intense. There are so many formation attacking that some divert to other...

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  • Seething

    Military site : airfield
    Built during 1942-43 as an Eighth Air Force bomber base, Seething had three concrete runways, 51 hardstandings of both loop and 'frying-pan’ types, and two T2 hangars, one on each side of the airfield. It was home to the 448th Bomb Group, equipped with...


Date Contributor Update
28 September 2020 18:30:49 dmccullo Created entry with caption, unit associations, person associations, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations

Added Crew 11, 712th BS, 448th BG, 2nd Bomb Division.