Skip to main content

B-24 Liberator #42-40629 'The Scorpion' 565th BS, 389th BG, 8th AF, pilot Capt Kenneth M Caldwell [ front and centre with cap ] and crew. Flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, returning safely to Libya.



  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force

    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 389th Bomb Group

    389th Bomb Group

    The 389th Bomb Group, known in more familiar terms as "the Sky Scorpions", flew strategic bombing missions in B-24 Liberators from Hethel, England. They also sent detachments to join bases in North Africa at Benghazi No. 10, Libya, between 3 July 1943...

  • 565th Bomb Squadron


  • Kenneth Caldwell

    Military | Major | Co-Pilot
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40629. Shot down by FW 190 fighters near Orleans, France on 7 Jan 44 in B-24D 42-41013 'Trouble N' Mind' Killed in Action (KIA).


  • 42-40629 'The Scorpion'

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24 Liberator #42-40629 'The Scorpion' 565th BS, 389th BG, 8th AF, flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid piloted by Capt Kenneth M Caldwell, returning safely to Libya.


Date Contributor Update
29 April 2015 15:12:15 Al_Skiff Changes to caption

Date Contributor Update
25 April 2015 17:01:38 Al_Skiff Created entry with caption, unit associations, person associations and mission associations