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St Ansgarii Church in Bremen was just one of many historical monuments across Europe to fall victim to the 8th Air Force's Bombing campaign during the Second World War. In this guest post, Bremen resident Nils Huschke (aka Pagentorn) shares his research into how the church came to be destroyed by US bombers.
St Ansgarri was first built in 1229 in Bremer Alstadt (Bremen's Old Town), dedicated to Saint Angsar, the Apostle of the North. Its long and eventful history saw it become the location for the start of the Protestant Reformation in Bremen, and turn the city into a site of historical and religious importance for many years. Until the Second World War the Chuch's 98 metre tower made it the tallest building in Bremen.
George Herbert Walker Bush was an aviator in the US Navy, Honorary Chairman of the American Air Museum and, of course, 41st President of the United States. Following his death, aged 94 on 30 November 2018, we look back at his impact on the wars of the 20th Century and his relationship with the American Air Museum.
Bush was born in Milton, Massachusetts on 12 June 1923. On his 18th birthday, six months after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour on 7 December 1941, he enlisted in the US Navy. After completing his training and earning a commission as an aviator with the US Navy Reserve on 9 June 1943 (just before his 19th birthday) he became the youngest Naval Aviator to date. From 1944 he flew from the aircraft carrier USS San Jacinto where he took part in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, one of the largest air battles of the Second World War.
On 2 September 1944, on a mission to attack Japanese installations on Chichi-jima, Bush's TBM Avenger was hit by flak and his engine caught fire, he continued the sortie, releasing his bombs over the target before bailing out in the Pacific Ocean. He was rescued by the submarine USS Finback after 4 hours aboard a life raft, and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his service. Though he later learned that the other aviators shot down that day had been captured and executed by Japanese Forces. Bush was honourably discharged in September 1945, a month after the surrender of Japan.
Guest post: The 2nd Air Division Memorial Library Digital Archive needs your help with their ARC State Registers!By 2nd Air Division Memorial Library on 29/03/2018
An extract from the West Virginia pages of the first volume of the registers, showing David E Tuckwiller's signature (mc_371-919#169).
The American Red Cross Service Club at the Bishop’s Palace in Norwich opened in 1943 to provide American servicemen visiting the city a home away from home where they could enjoy refreshments, recreational activities, and a place to stay. The state registers are a lasting testament to the important role the Red Cross played in bringing together servicemen and aiding their general welfare.
Pilots of the 361st Fighter Group gather together to give thanks for three days' leave (FRE 6186).
Happy Thanksgiving! Here at the American Air Museum we may be decidedly in the UK but it still seems an opportune moment to share some of the things we’re particularly grateful for this year:
As we head towards 2016, here is a seasonal photo from the Roger Freeman Collection which recently caught the team’s attention.
These lieutenants are posing in their underwear, flying helmets and parachute harnesses, which makes this a fairly unusual crew picture, but it captures a moment of light relief for the three young men. Allen Bryson, Sol Greenberg and Albert Gehrt were the pilot, navigator and bombardier of B-24 Liberator ‘The Gypsy Queen’. By Christmas 1944, they had completed 21 missions together, flying over France and Germany from their base at Old Buckenham, Norfolk as part of the 453rd Bomb Group.
The Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial is the burial site of 3,812 American servicemen. A further 5,127 names are recorded on the Tablets of the Missing. Photo: Paul Heys
Ahead of Veterans Day tomorrow, guest blogger Christian has shared with us the memorials dedicated to WWII American servicemen he finds most moving from around the world:
Here's a word (or two!) from Phil Jackson, one of the AAM's vital volunteers, on what it's like working with us at IWM Duxford:
Early in 2013 I was given the opportunity to assist with the American Air Museum project, which involved the sorting, identification and cataloguing of a very large collection of photographs known as the Roger Freeman Collection. After working for about a year on the ‘ Friends of Duxford’ front desk – meeting and greeting visitors, some of whom were very interesting – I was, to be honest, not over-stretched in the post. Still wanting to have an involvement in the Museum I enquired of the Volunteer Manager whether any other opportunities were available, and luckily, up came this job!
With the conserved aircraft back inside, the glass wall of the American Air Museum has begun to go up.
Over the past month the Conservation team at IWM Duxford has been working extremely hard to move all of the aircraft back into the American Air Museum and suspend a number of them. If you're local to the museum, we hope that you had the chance to visit the site on one (or more!) of the days when the aircraft were out and about. For those of you who couldn't make it, here are a few photos of the move:
Introducing Karina Flynn, an Eighth in the East-sponsored intern, working for Bottisham Airfield Museum, at IWM Duxford:
My name is Karina Flynn and I am doing a three month internship for Bottisham Airfield Museum supported by Eighth in the East and IWM Duxford. As part of my internship I will be digitising a collection of nearly 700 photographs belonging to Bottisham Airfield Museum which give a fascinating insight into life on the airbase, the airmen who were based there, along with the aircraft they piloted.
Robert Astrella of the 7th Photo Group took this shot from St Paul's Cathedral looking down Fleet Street during the Second World War (FRE 6935). The teachers will be walking along Fleet Street today as part of a London walking tour devised to take in sights American airmen might have seen when they were here 70 years ago.
"My name is Randee Wittkopf. I am a teacher of world history at a secondary school in Fairfax, Virginia and I feel as if I just won the teachers’ version of the lottery." In this post we hear from one of the 16 teachers joining the AAM team for the Summer Residency between 30 July and 13 August: