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42-68184

P-38 Lightning

Built as a P-38J by Lockheed, field modified to 'Droop Snoot*' configuration as the first full prototype of type. Trials A/C, later used operationaly as well. Led formations of 20th and 44th FG P-38's on bombing raid 10-4-44.
Minor damage [Cat 3], landing accident, Andover [Sta 406], pilot Lt Col Cass S Hough.

* The 'Droop Snoot' field conversion entailed the removal of the nose armament and associated equipment to make room for a prone bombardiers position with the installation of a plexiglass nose, a Norden bombsight, side windows and an emergency hatch. The theory was for a formation of P-38's to drop their bombs on the formation lead 'Droop snoots' signal with the precision of the Norden bombsight ensuring the accuracy of the formations bombing. An idea championed by Lt Col Cass Hough and Lt Col Dan Ostrander.

Service

Aircraft

  • 42-67086

    P-38 Lightning
    Built as a P-38H at Lockheed, field modified at Langford Lodge to a prototype 'Droop Snoot*' configuration. P-38H 42-67086 was modified by removal of the armament section in the nose, including the gun port nose cap. In it’s place, was a solid wood...

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Units

  • 495th Fighter Training Group

    495th Fighter Training Group

    Group
    The 495th Fighter Training Group, which operated in England from December 1943, trained P-47 Thunderbolt pilots. These pilots, who had received the basic training in the USA would be assigned to a training group to practise ETO operational procedures...

  • 8th Air Force
  • Base Air Depot 3

People

  • Cass Hough

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Deputy Commander
    Col Hough helped extend the range of fighter aircraft over the continent. He was responsible for the technical superiority of the 8th AAF. He helped to develop the auxilliary drop tanks to add to fighter aircraft which enabled them to go to the target...

  • Don Ostrander

    Military | Major General | Ordnance and Armament Officer
    General Ostrander was born in Stockbridge MI, attended local schools and studied engineering at Western State College, MI. He entered the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in June 1933 and graduated in 1937. ...

Places

  • Andover

    Military site : airfield
    Andover was built in the First World War and used by the Royal Flying Corps, then the RAF. Home to the 370th Fighter Group in 1944, it was then handed back to the RAF. The airfield closed in 1976, and the site has since been used by the British Army.

  • Bovingdon

    Military site : airfield
    Bovingdon, in Hertfordshire (often confused with Bovington, Dorset), was built in 1941-42 as a bomber station but was never developed into a fully-fledged heavy bomber airfield as it did not have the required 2,000 yard runway. ...

  • Langford Lodge

    Military site : airfield
    Planned to be a Satellite Landing Ground for No. 23 Maintenance Unit at RAF Aldergrove, Langford Lodge was selected in October 1941 to be developed as an air deport for the maintenance and repair of USAAF aircraft. A scheme was devised whereby the...

Events

Event Location Date
Manufactured Burbank, CA, USA August 1943

Built by Lockheed Aviation.

Delivered Long Beach, CA, USA September 1943

Delivered to USAAF.

Field modified Langford lodge, Ireland March 1944 – April 1944

P-38J Lightning field modified to 'Droop Snoot*' configuration. 2nd prototype, 1st full nose configuration. [1st prototype 42-67086].

First operational use 10 April 1944

First operational use on 10-4-44 leading formations of 20th and 44th FG P-38's.

Crashed Andover, Andover, Hampshire, UK 7 May 1944

Minor damage [Cat 3], landing accident, Andover [Sta 406], pilot Lt Col Cass S Hough.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
02 January 2016 16:28:00 Al_Skiff Changes to production block number, markings, description, events, aircraft associations, unit associations, person associations, place associations and mission associations
Sources

AAM DB Entry.
http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbasn.asp?SN=42-68184
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:495th_Fighter_Training_Group_-_T...

Date Contributor Update
09 February 2015 16:16:13 Al_Skiff Created entry with serial number, aircraft type, production block number, manufacturer, events, unit associations and media associations
Sources

Roger Freeman / http://www.aviationarchaeology.com

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