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42-97557

B-17 Flying Fortress

Delivered Denver 20/12/43; 1SAG Langley 12/1/44; Mitchell 15/1/44; Assigned 482BG (H2X) Alconbury 5/2/44; transferred 422NLS/305BG [JJ-S] Chelveston 20/3/44; 544BS/384BG [SU-X] Grafton Underwood 4/8/44; 358BS/303BG [VK-X] Molesworth 8/44; landing accident at base with Werner Goering 7/12/44; transferred 398BG Nuthampstead 22/5/45; no ops, to RAF Valley 2/6/45; Returned to the USA Bradley 7/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 13/6/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in USA) Kingman 1/12/45. MERCY'S MADHOUSE.

Service

Units

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 305th Bomb Group Can Do

    305th Bomb Group Can Do

    Group
    The 305th Bombardment Group (Heavy), nicknamed "Can Do" was activated 1-March-1942 at Salt Lake City Air Base, Utah which was their primary training base until 11-Jun-1942 when they relocated to Geiger Field, Washington until 29-Jun-1942, then on to...

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

  • 398th Bomb Group

    398th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 398th Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Nuthampstead, Hertfordshire on strategic bombing raids over Germany. The Group switched focus in the days before D-Day, when they targeted enemy positions on the Cherbourg peninsula. When the Allied...

  • 482nd Bomb Group

    482nd Bomb Group

    Group
    The 482nd Bomb Group was a Pathfinder Group, which using radar-equipped aircraft to support bombing missions until March 1944. Aircraft from this Group went ahead of other Bombers and sent information back about the best routes to take and the extent...

  • 358th Bomb Squadron
  • 422nd Bomb Squadron
  • 544th Bomb Squadron

People

  • Joseph Brady

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 427BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. 31 x combat missions. ETD Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Walter Caldwell

    Military | Flight Officer | Navigator / Mickey Op | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 427BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. 28 x combat missions. ETD Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Warren Chrisman

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 358BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Hamburg in B-17 43-39160; Shot down by ME262's, crashed near Westerade on 20-Mar-45 Prisoner of War (POW) MACR 13569 Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Richard Cole

    Military | Colonel | Squadron Commander | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 359BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. 44 x missions. ...

  • John Cooper

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 358BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. 18 x combat missions. Failed to Return (FTR) Hamburg in B-17 43-39160; Shot down by ME262's, crashed near Westerade on 20-Mar-45 Held A/C level along with pilot for crew to bale out, last seen on catwalk to escape...

  • Michael Dugan

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Togglier | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 358BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Hamburg in B-17 43-39160; Shot down by ME262's, crashed near Westerade on 20-Mar-45 - After the A/C broke up Dugan was the only man to make it out of the nose section. Prisoner of War (POW)...

  • Keith Estes

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 359BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. 15 x missions. Ended Tour Duty (ETD). Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Werner Goering

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 303rd Bomb Group
    Capt Werner G. Goering (P) - Was the nephew of Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering Commander in Chief of the Nazi German Luftwaffe. Capt Goering completed 48 credited combat missions on 28 Jan 1945 (Mission 308) and was promoted to Captain while a Lead...

  • James Hollowell

    Military | Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 358BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Hamburg in B-17 43-39160; Shot down by ME262's, crashed near Westerade on 20-Mar-45 Prisoner of War (POW) MACR 13569 Awards: POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Robert Hullar

    Military | Captain | Bomber pilot | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 359BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Ditched in North Sea 6-Sep-43 in B-17 42-3002 'Old Squaw'. Picked up by ASR Returned to duty (RTD). 36 x combat missions. ETD Awards: WWII Victory, EAME

Show more

Places

  • Alconbury

    Military site : airfield
    Alconbury had been constructed as a satellite airfield for RAF Upwood and Wyton and was used by RAF Squadrons: Nos. 15, 40 and 156. In preparation for the arrival of American heavy bombers, the base was developed in 1942 with the runways extended. When...

  • Chelveston

    Military site : airfield
    Chelveston was adapted and expanded in preparation for the arrival of American forces. Rather than heavy bombers, the first aircraft to fly from its runways were C-47 Skytrains that were flown by the 60th Troop Carrier Group in July 1942. The first...

  • Grafton Underwood

    Military site : airfield
    Grafton Underwood was built in 1941 by George Wimpey and Co. Ltd. It was the first airfield in England to receive an Eighth Air Force flying unit, when in May 1942 personnel of the 15th Bomb Squadron took up residence. As a satellite airfield for...

  • Molesworth

    Military site : airfield
    Molesworth was one of the early stations used by the Eighth Air Force in the UK, first occupied by the 15th Bomb Squadron’s Douglas Bostons in June 1942. Built in 1940 and extended and improved in 1942, Molesworth is most associated with the 303rd...

  • Nuthampstead

    Military site : airfield
    Built during 1942-43, Nuthampstead was the nearest Eighth Air Force heavy bomber base to London. It had three concrete runways, 50 loop hardstandings and two dispersed T2 hangars. It was first occupied from September 1943 to April 1944 by the 55th...

Events

Event Location Date
Manufactured Long Beach, CA 1943

Built at Vega.

Delivered Denver AAF, CO 20 December 1943

Delivered Denver AAF 20-Dec-43.

Assigned Alconbury UK 5 February 1944

Assigned 482BG, 8AF 5-Feb-44.

Assigned Chelveston UK 20 March 1944

Transferred to 422NLS, 305BG , 8AF 20-Mar-44.

Assigned Molesworth, UK August 1944

Transferred to 358BS, 303BG, 8AF Aug-44.

Assigned Grafton Underwood, UK 4 August 1944

Transferred to 544BS, 384BG, 8AF 4-Aug-44.

Crashed Molesworth, UK 7 December 1944

Landing accident at base with Lt Werner Goering 7-Dec-44, U/C collapsed.

Assigned Nuthampstead UK 22 May 1945

Transferred to 398BG 22-May-45.

Relocated RAF Valley, Holyhead, UK 2 June 1945

To RAF Valley 2-Jun-45.

Returned ZI Bradley AAF, CT 7 June 1945

Returned to the USA Bradley AAF 7-Jun-45.

Scrapped Kingman AAF, AZ December 1945

Scrapped Kingman AAF.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
24 January 2019 13:49:33 Al_Skiff Changes to production block number, manufacturer, nicknames, markings, events and unit associations
Sources

http://www.303rdbg.com/aircraft.html
https://b17flyingfortress.de/en/b17/42-97557-mercys-madhouse/
https://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/Upcoming/Photos/igphoto/2000554594/

Date Contributor Update
15 January 2017 18:45:49 Yorkshireman Changes to nicknames
Sources

Hutchinson & Cortright

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:41:14 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Dave Osborne, B-17 Fortress Master Log

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